Skip to content

  1. About us
  2. Our people
  3. Staff profiles
  4. Dr Rory Ridley-Duff

Dr Rory Ridley-Duff

Reader In Co-Operative And Social Enterprise


Summary

Dr Rory Ridley-Duff is Professor of Cooperative Social Entrerpreneurship at Sheffield Business School and a research leader in the Departmen of Management. His work has led to an expansion of interest in social enterprise education worldwide, and his key text Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practice is a resource for degree courses all over the world. In addition to an extensive list of publications on social enterprise, industrial relations and corporate governance, he has been a keynote speaker at conferences in the UK, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Denmark, Indonesia, Montenegro, Croatia and France. His current projects include a Horizon 20/20 project ("NEMESIS") on social innovation education in schools, an Erasmus+ project ("FairShares Labs for Social and Blue Innovation") developing FairShares incubators in Hungary, Croatia, Germany, Holland and the UK, a COST Action ("EMPOWER-SE") which is investing heavily in the next generation of social enterprise scholars.

His research on multi-stakeholder governance in the social economy has been recognised for its real-world impact and informed the creation of a network of academics, consultants and social entrepreneurship who advance a FairShares Model of co-operative social enterprise (see FairShares Association Ltd).  A company formed in 2015 will "protect, develop and promote the FairShares Model for use by associations, companies, co-operatives, consultants and educators".  

He is a board member of:

UK Society for Co-operative Studies

Social Enterprise International Ltd

FairShares Association Ltd

Co-operatives and Social Enterprise Support Ltd

He is also a member / fellow of: 

The EMES Research Network (Institutional Member)

Co-operative College (Member)

RSA (Fellow)

Higher Education Authority (Fellow)

About

Qualifications

  • 2008: Post Graduate Certificate in Education, Learning and Teaching, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
  • 2005: PhD Communitarian Perspectives on Corporate Governance, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
  • 2002: Cert HE - Business Studies, University of Leeds, United Kingdom
  • 1986: BMus Music, University of London, United Kingdom

Reader in Co-operative and Social Enterprise

Teaching expertise

  • Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management
  • Post Graduate Research - DBA
  • Post Graduate Research - MRes
  • Post Graduate Research - PhD
  • PRME

Research

  • Business Education
  • Human Resource Management
  • Principles of Responsible Management Education (PRME)

Industry Links

  • Board member
  • Board member
  • Board member
  • Board member
  • Board member

Teaching

Department of Management

Sheffield Business School

OBHRM

2014 to present: Organisation Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom

Publications

Bostock, J., Breese, R., Ridley-duff, R., & Crowther, P. (2020). Challenges for Third Sector Organisations in cutback management: a sporting case study of the implications of publicness. Public management review, 22 (2), 184-205. http://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2019.1577911

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2019). Solidarity cooperatives: the (hidden) origins of communitarian pluralism in the UK social enterprise movement. Social Enterprise Journal. http://doi.org/10.1108/SEJ-12-2018-0078

Ridley-duff, R., & Wren, D. (2018). Social enterprise, Sustainable development and the FairShares model. Japanese Journal of Human Welfare Studies, 11 (1), 23-42.

Fletcher, N., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). Management accounting information and the board meeting of an English further education college. Qualitative Research in Accounting & Management, 15 (3), 313-340. http://doi.org/10.1108/qram-11-2016-0079

Bull, M., Ridley-Duff, R., Whittam, G., & Baines, S. (2018). Challenging tensions and contradictions: Critical, theoretical and empirical perspectives on social enterprise. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 24. http://doi.org/10.1108/ijebr-05-2018-526

Bull, M., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). Towards an appreciation of ethics in social enterprise business models. Journal of Business Ethics, 1-16. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-018-3794-5

Bostock, J., Crowther, P., Ridley-Duff, R., & Breese, R. (2017). No Plan B: the Achilles heel of high performance sport management. European Sport Management Quarterly, 18 (1), 25-46. http://doi.org/10.1080/16184742.2017.1364553

Bishop, N., Ridley-Duff, R., & Morgan, G. (2016). Profit generation or community resource? Studying attitudes to the operation of a post office by a charity. Social Enterprise Journal, 12 (3). http://doi.org/10.1108/SEJ-10-2016-0046

McCulloch, M., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2016). Beyond accounting for capitals : FairShares – amodel for recompensing capital contributions. Rethinking Capitals, 4. http://www.icaew.com/en/technical/sustainability/rethinking-capitals/upcoming-publication

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2015). The Community Company Model. . http://doi.org/10.4135/9781526405302

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2015). Unlimited Potential and Balance. . http://doi.org/10.4135/9781526405296

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2015). Seedley and Langworthy Trust: Strategic Management. . http://doi.org/10.4135/9781526405272

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2015). MissionFish and Non-Profit Organizations. . http://doi.org/10.4135/9781526405265

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2015). Balance: A Strategic Management Tool for Social Enterprises. . http://doi.org/10.4135/9781526405289

Ridley-Duff, R.J., & Duncan, G. (2015). What is critical appreciation? Insights from studying the critical turn in an appreciative inquiry. Human Relations, 68 (10), 1579-1599. http://doi.org/10.1177/0018726714561698

Dobson, S., Sukumar, A., Ridley-Duff, R., Roast, C., & Abell, B. (2015). Reciprocity and resilience: teaching and learning sustainable social enterprise through gaming. Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change, 12 (1), 42-56. http://doi.org/10.1179/1477963314Z.00000000034

Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). Appreciative Inquiry as a method of transforming identity and power in Pakistani women. Action Research, 12 (2), 117-135. http://doi.org/10.1177/1476750314524005

Ridley-Duff, R., & Ponton, A. (2014). Workforce participation: developing a theoretical framework for longitudinal research. Journal of Co-operative Studies, 46 (3), 5-23. http://www.thenews.coop/91658/news/general/journal-of-co-operative-studies-vol-46-no-3-no-139-winter-2013/

Ridley-Duff, R. (2013). Workforce Participation: developing a theoretical framework for longitudinal research. Journal of Co-operative Studies, 46 (3).

Seanor, P., Bull, M., Baines, S., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2013). Narratives of transition from social to enterprise: You can't get there from here! International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 19 (3), 324-343. http://doi.org/10.1108/13552551311330200

Ridley-Duff, R., Southcombe, C., & Dickins, N. (2013). FairShares Model. . http://www.fairshares.wikispot.org/

Ridley-Duff, R., & Southcombe, C. (2012). The social enterprise mark: a critical review of its conceptual dimensions. Social Enterprise Journal, 8 (3), 178-200. http://doi.org/10.1108/17508611211280746

Ridley-Duff, R. (2012). Review of Democratic Enterprise: Ethical Business for the 21st Century - For Journal of Co-operative Studies. Co-operative Education Trust/Aberdeen University.

Piboonrungroj, P. (2012). Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practices20121Rory Ridley‐Duff and Mike Bull. Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and Practices. 2011. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 18 (6), 743-745. http://doi.org/10.1108/13552551211268157

Cato, M.S. (2012). Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory & Practice20121Rory Ridley‐Duff and Mike Bull. Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory & Practice. London: Sage 2011. Social Enterprise Journal, 8 (1), 78-79. http://doi.org/10.1108/17508611211226601

Bennett, A., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2011). Towards mediation: Developing a theoretical framework for alternative dispute resolution. Industrial Relations Journal, 42 (2), 106-123.

Ridley-Duff, R., & Southcombe, C. (2011). The Social Enterprise Mark: a critical review of its conceptual dimensions. . http://www.isbe.org.uk/ISBE2011

Ridley-Duff, R. (2010). Communitarian governance in social enterprises: case evidence from the Mondragon Cooperative Corporation and School Trends Ltd. Social enterprise journal, 6 (2), 125-145. http://doi.org/10.1108/17508611011069266

Bull, M., Ridley-Duff, R.J., Foster, D., & Seanor, P. (2010). Conceptualising ethical capital in social enterprises. Social Enterprise Journal, 6 (3), 250-264. http://doi.org/10.1108/17508611011088832

Ridley-Duff, R. (2009). Cooperative social enterprises: company rules, access to finance and management practice. Social Enterprise Journal, 5 (1), 50-68. http://doi.org/10.1108/17508610910956408

Ridley-Duff, R.J. (2008). Social enterprise as a socially rational business. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, 14 (5), 291-312. http://doi.org/10.1108/13552550810897669

Ridley-Duff, R. (2007). Communitarian perspectives on social enterprise. Corporate governance: an international review, 15 (2), 382-392. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8683.2007.00568.x

Ridley-Duff, R., & Wren, D. (n.d.). Social Enterprise, Sustainable Development and the FairShares Model. .

Ridley-Duff, R., Wren, D., & Mcculloch, M. (n.d.). Wealth, Social Enterprise and the FairShares Model. Studies of Regional Policy, 24 (1).

Conference papers

Mcculloch, M., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2019). To profit or not to profit? That is the wrong question. In Nogales, R., & Nyssens, M. (Eds.) 7th EMES International Research Conference on Social Enterprise, Sheffield, 24 June 2019 - 27 June 2019. https://emes.net/publications/conference-papers/7th-emes-conference-selected-papers/to-profit-or-not-to-profit-that-is-the-wrong-question/: EMES International Research Network: https://emes.net/content/uploads/ESCP-7EMES-14-McCulloch-Ridley-Duff.pdf

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2016). Rendering the Social Solidarity Economy: exploring the case for a paradigm shift in the visibility of co operative and mutual enterprises in business education and policy-making. In International Co-operative Summit, Quebec. Lévis: Sommet international des coopératives: https://www.sommetinter.coop/en/2016-edition/2016-scientific-articles

Khattak, Z., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). The effects of gender diversity on work group performance in Pakistani universities. In EURAM 2014, Valencia, 1 June 2014. http://www.euram-online.org/conference/2014/

Ridley-Duff, R., Cockman, R., Hurst, J., Mike, B., & Gilligan, C. (2015). Developing a critical appreciative process to review frameworks for social enterprise education. In International Social Innovation Research Conference, York Management School, 6 September 2015 - 8 September 2015. http://www.isircconference2015.com/

Book chapters

Ridley-Duff, R. (2019). Cooperative social entrepreneurship: reflections on a decade embedding cooperative studies in social enterprise courses. In Woodin, T., & Shaw, L. (Eds.) Learning for a co-operative world: Education, social change and the co-operative college. (pp. 134-153). London: Trentham Books: https://www.ucl-ioe-press.com/books/history-of-education/learning-for-a-co-operative-world/

Levillain, K., Parker, S., Ridley-Duff, R., Segrestin, B., Veldman, J., & Willmott, H. (2018). Protecting long-term commitment: legal and organizational means. In Driver, C., & Thompson, G. (Eds.) Corporate governance in contention. (pp. 42-65). Oxford: Oxford University Press: http://doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198805274.003.0003

Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). The internationalisation of FairShares model : where agency meets structure in US and UK company law. In Boeger, N., & Villiers, C. (Eds.) Shaping the Corporate Landscape. Oxford: Hart Publishing: https://www.bloomsburyprofessional.com/uk/shaping-the-corporate-landscape-9781509914302/

Coule, T., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2016). Management Ideologies. In Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (Eds.) Understanding social enterprise: Theory and practice (2nd edition). (2nd). (pp. 265-288). London: Sage Publications, London

Coule, T. (2016). Governance and human relations. In Understanding social enterprise: Theory and practice (2nd edition). London: Sage Publications, London

Ridley-Duff, R. (2016). Rendering the social solidarity economy: exploring the case for a paradigm shift in the visibility of co operative and mutual enterprises in business education, research and policy-making. http://sierc.massey.ac.nz/conference/keynote-ridley-duff/

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2014). Entrepreneurship : value-added ventures. In Conaway, R.N., & Laasch, O. (Eds.) Principles of responsible management : glocal sustainability, responsibility, and ethics. (pp. 186-219). Boston: South Western College Publishing

Ridley-Duff, R. (2012). New frontiers in democratic self-management. In McDonnell, D., & Macknight, E. (Eds.) The co-operative model in practice. (pp. 99-118). Glasgow: Co-operative Education Trust Scotland: http://www.abdn.ac.uk/cets/resources/coop-model/

Coule, T., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2011). Governance, HRM and employee relations. In Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (Eds.) Understanding social enterprise: Theory and Practice. (1st). (pp. 172-192). London: Sage Publications, London

Books

Ridley-Duff, R. (Ed.). (2020). Creating Social Enterprises in FairShares Labs. FairShares Association Ltd.

Ridley-Duff, R. (Ed.). (2020). Creating Social Enterprises in FairShares Labs. FairShares Association Ltd.

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2015). Understanding social enterprise: theory and practice. 2nd edition. London: Sage Publications. https://uk.sagepub.com/en-gb/eur/understanding-social-enterprise/book242879

Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). The case for FairShares : a new model for social enterprise development and the strengthening of the social and solidarity economy. Charleston: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. https://www.createspace.com/5522383

Ridley-Duff, R.J. (2010). Emotion, seduction and intimacy: alternative perspectives on human behaviour. Seattle: Libertary Editions. http://www.libertary.com/book/emotion-seduction-intimacy

Case studies

Gardiner, K., Ridley-Duff, R., & Meijer, R. (2019). Food Works Sheffield.London: Sage Publications. https://study.sagepub.com/businessandmanagement/resources/ridley-duff-bull-understanding-social-enterprise-3e

Reports

O'Leary, C., Ridley-Duff, R., & Gilligan, C. (2020). Sheffield Business School- PRME- SIP Report 2019. United Nation Global Compact Publication. https://d30mzt1bxg5llt.cloudfront.net/public/uploads/sip-reports/SIP2019SheffieldHallamUniversity.pdf

Ridley-Duff, R., Schmidtchen, R., Arnold-Schaarschmidt, M., Vuković, S., Wendling, N., Klercq, J., ... Károly, J. (2018). Methodology for Creating a FairShares Lab (Full Report). FairShares Labs for Social and Blue Innovation (Erasmus+ Project). http://www.fairshares.coop/fairshareslabs

Ridley-Duff, R., Schmidtchen, R., Arnold-Schaarschmidt, M., Vuković, S., Wendling, N., Klercq, J., ... Károly, J. (2018). Methodology for Creating a FairShares Lab. FairShares Labs for Social and Blue Innovation (Erasmus+ Project). http://www.fairshares.coop/io1-english-fairshareslabsmethodology-short/

Gilligan, C., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). Principles of Responsible Management Education (PRME): SIP Report SIP Report for Sheffield Business School. United Nations (PRME Initiative): Sheffield Hallam University. http://www.unprme.org/participants/view-participants.php?partid=3017

Gilligan, C., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). Principles for Responsible Management Education, 2015 SIP Report by Sheffield Business School. Sheffield: Sheffield Business School. http://www.unprme.org/participants/view-participants.php?partid=3017

Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). The case for FairShares. Sheffield: FairShares Association. http://www.fairshares-association.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/The-Case-for-FairShares-Final.pdf

Theses / Dissertations

Ellis, M. (2020). A Process Theory of Responsible Leadership. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Ridley-Duff, R. http://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00295

Taylor, C. (2018). Evolving identities, social media and the employment relationship: an interpretative phenomenological analysis. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Ridley-Duff, R., Prowse, P., & Tietze, S. http://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00106

Wren, D. (2016). Cultures of performance and reward in UK employee-owned businesses. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Ridley-Duff, R.

Wren, D. (2016). Cultures of performance and reward in UK employee-owned business. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Ridley-Duff, R., & Clark, M.

Gill, J. (2013). Evaluating memetics : A case of competing perspectives at an SME. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Price, I., Ridley-Duff, R., & Mills, S.

Khattak, Z.Z. (2012). The effects of gender diversity on work group performance in Pakistani universities. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Doherty, L., & Ridley-Duff, R.

Ridley-Duff, R. (2005). Communitarian perspectives on corporate governance. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Cullen, J., & Johnson, P.

Internet Publications

Gardiner, K., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2019). Food works Sheffield Case Study. https://study.sagepub.com/businessandmanagement/resources/ridley-duff-bull-understanding-social-enterprise-3e

Ridley-Duff, R., Snook, J., & Southcombe, C. (n.d.). Model Rules for a FairShares Cooperative (v3.0f). [Google Form / Word Document / PDF]. https://sites.google.com/view/fairsharesrules/cooperatives

Presentations

Ridley-Duff, R. (2018). Cooperative social entrepreneurship: reflecting on a decade of embedding cooperative studies in social enterprise courses. Presented at: Co-operative Education Conference 2018, Federation House, Manchester, 2018

Bostock, J., Breese, R., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2016). Turnaround in response to extreme financial shocks: case studies of National Governing Bodies of Sport (NGB’s) in the UK (Development Paper).

Ridley-Duff, R., & Grant, S. (2016). Asset-based co-operative management: OPERA as a form of critical appreciation. Presented at: ISIRC Conference 2016 (8th International Social Innovation Research Conference), Glasgow, 2016

Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). The FairShares Model : an ethical approach to social enterprise development?

Hurst, J., Gilligan, C., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). Evaluating Masters level curriculum redesign to incorporate PRME principles'.

Hurst, J., Gilligan, C., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). Frameworks for Social Enterprise Education: comparing the ARIADNE Project, ICA Blueprint, PRME Principles and FairShares Model'.

Hurst, J., Gilligan, C., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). Pedagogy and Curriculum design: Frameworks for Social Enterprise Education'.

De Normanville, C., Wren, D., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2015). Workforce participation : learning from the co-operative sector. Presented at: 5th EMES International Research Conference on Social Enterprise, Helsinki

Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). An Embedded Communitarian Pluralist Approach to Social Enterprise Development.

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2014). Solidarity co-operatives : an embedded historical communitarian pluralist approach to social enterprise development?(Keynote to RMIT Research Colloquium). Presented at: 2014 Social Innovation and Entrepreneurship Research Colloquium, Melbourne, RMIT Building 80, 2014

Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). FairShares Model V2.0 : a new model for self-governing social enterprises operating under Association, Company and Co-operative Law. Presented at: 1st FairShares Association Conference, Sheffield Business School, 2014

Duncan, G., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). Appreciative inquiry as a method of transforming identity and power in Pakistani women. http://doi.org/10.1177/1476750314524005

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bull, M. (2013). The FairShares Model: a communitarian pluralist approach to constituting social enterprises? Presented at: ISBE Conference 2013, Cardiff City Hall

Ridley-Duff, R., & Duncan, G. (2013). Critical appreciative processes as a methodology for studying the production of consciousness. Presented at: Appreciative Inquiry: a method of working with disadvantaged people, St Mary's Community Centre, 2013

Ridley-Duff, R., & Ponton, A. (2012). Workforce Participation: developing a theoretical framework for longitudinal research. Presented at: UK Society for Co-operative Studies Conference 2012, Lincoln University, 2012

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bennett, A. (2011). Towards mediation: developing a theoretical framework to understand alternative dispute resolution. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2338.2011.00614.x

Ridley-Duff, R. (2010). Critical ethnography in a social enterprise: developing a contingent ethical approach to fieldwork.

Ridley-Duff, R., & Bennett, A. (2010). Mediation: developing a theoretical framework for understanding alternative dispute resolution. Presented at: British Academy of Management, Sheffield, 2010

Other publications

Ridley-Duff, R., & Hurst, J. (2014). Responsible management in the Co-operative Movement : a report by Sheffield Business School. Rory Ridley-Duff and Janette Hurst: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wjnSYv5KlzI

Ridley-Duff, R. (2014). New co-operativism and the FairShares model. Stir to Action Ltd: http://stirtoaction.com/autumn-issue-pre-order-25-off/

Ridley-Duff, R., & Southcombe, C. (2013). FairShares Company - Model Articles of Association. http://www.fairshares.wikispot.org/

Ridley-Duff, R., & Southcombe, C. (2013). FairShares Co-operative - Model Articles of Association. http://www.fairshares.wikispot.org/

Ridley-Duff, R. (2011). Review of The Social Entrepreneur's Handbook - For the Voluntary Sector Review.

Ridley-Duff, R., & Ponton, A. (2011). Member-Employee Engagement Project: Developing a Theoretical Model for Funded and Commercial Research. Social Exchange: Viewpoint Research CIC: http://www.socialexchange.org/documents/Member%20-%20Employee%20Engagement%20Model%20(Project%20Report)-1.pdf

Ridley-Duff, R. (2008). Gendering, courtship and pay equality: developing attraction theory to understand work-life balance and entrepreneurial activity. http://www.isbe2008.org/view.php?abstract=502

Bull, M., Ridley-Duff, R., Foster, D., & Seanor, P. (2008). Seeing social enterprise through the theoretical conceptualisation of ethical capital.

Seanor, P., Bull, M., & Ridley-Duff, R. (2007). Contradictions in social enterprise: do they draw in straight lines or circles?

Ridley-Duff, R. (2005). Interpersonal dynamics: a communitarian perspective. http://www.roryridleyduff.com/RAE%202007%20-%2003%20-%20Interpersonal%20Dynamics.pdf

Ridley-Duff, R. (2004). Communitarian governance: the development of management, governance and ownership models. http://www.roryridleyduff.com/RAE%202007%20-%2002%20-%20Communitarian%20Governance.pdf

Other activities

Award

  • 2016: Best Paper in Track - Social Enterprise Education, International Social Innovation Research Conference
  • 2011: Best Research and Knowledge Paper in Conference, Institute for Small Business and Entrepreneurship (ISBE), United Kingdom
  • 2011: 2011 Outstanding Paper Award - Social Enterprise Journal, Emerald Award, United Kingdom

Competitve Research Award

  • 2018: Fairshares LAB, The Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom
  • 2017: Research Partner, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
  • 2017: HEIF High Impact Fund Bid, Higher Education Innovation Funding (HEIF), United Kingdom
  • 2017: Nemesis - Social enterprise/Horizon 2020, Social Enterprise Europe Ltd, United Kingdom
  • 2017: Fairshares Labs Pilot, Social Enterprise Europe Ltd, United Kingdom
  • 2016: European FairShares Labs for Social and Blue Innovation, European Commission, Belgium
  • 2015: British Council - Skills for Social Entrepreneurs, British Council, United Kingdom

Research funding or grant

  • 2009: Big Lottery Research Grant, Big Lottery, United Kingdom

Share this page

Cancel event

Are you sure you want to cancel your place on Saturday 12 November?