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Xinjun Cui

Dr Xinjun Cui BEng Hons, MSc, PhD, FHEA, MIET

Course Leader for BEng/MEng Aerospace Engineering


Xinjun is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Engineering and Maths and the Course Leader for BEng/MEng Aerospace Engineering. He obtained his BEng (1986) and MSc (1989) degrees in Aerospace Engineering in China, and became an academic after his graduation. Between 1999 and 2002, Xinjun did a PhD in Applied Maths funded by EPSRC at Manchester University, entitled "Numerical Computations of the Navier-Stokes equations for confined rotating flows". During his Postdoctoral years, Xinjun worked on various projects funded by EPSRC, NERC and Rolls-Royce at Manchester University and Nottingham University.

  • About

    Xinjun started his teaching and research career in the field of aerospace/mechanical engineering and applied mathematics. In 2008, he joined the University of Wales Newport (now the University of South Wales) as a Senior Lecturer. He later on became a programme leader for the undergraduate engineering provision and was acting as the Head of Engineering during his last year at Newport.

    In 2012, Xinjun joined Sheffield Hallam University for its Aerospace Engineering. He took over the course leadership for the BEng/MEng Aerospace Engineering in 2013. As a result of his diligence and hard work, Xinjun won the University Inspirational Teaching Award (ITA) in 2014 and the Faculty ITA in 2015. Under his supervision, the MEng Aerospace Engineering course also won a Faculty Award in 2015.

    Xinjun has made more than 20 journal papers and has won two distinctive prizes for Science & Technology Development for his research projects in China. During the years, his research area has expended to aerodynamics, CFD modelling and simulation for transonic flows, multi-phase flows, rotating flows, granular flows and natural hazardous flows, and flight mechanics, trajectory modelling and simulation, signal processing and system recognition, etc.

    Dr Cui is often invited as a peer to review the manuscripts for journals, including Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Physics of Fluids. He also holds an honorary research fellowship at Manchester University and is an external examiner for the engineering provision in Wolverhampton Unversity.

    Specialist Areas of Interest:

    - Computational aerodynamics;
    - Granular free-surface flows;
    - Shock wave capturing.

  • Teaching

    Department of Engineering and Mathematics

    Science, Technology and Arts

    Xinjun is the Course Leader for MEng Aerospace Engineering.

    - Aerospace Numerical Methods and Applications (Level 5)
    - Propulsions and Aerodynamics (Level 6)
    - Astronautics, Aeronautical CFD (Level 7)

  • Research

    • Materials and Engineering Research Institute

    One of Xinjun's favourite research interests has been focused on computational aerodynamics, in particular for the shock wave capturing techniques for transonic and supersonic flows. This expertise has been extended successfully to study rapid granular free-surface flows and natural hazardous flows such as snow avalanches and volcanic flows, where he made some ground-breaking contributions in this field.

    After joining Sheffield Hallam, Xinjun started to encourage and supervise more final year students on BEng/MEng Aerospace Engineering courses to investigate aerodynamic behaviours of external/internal airflows around airfoils or vehicles at subsonic, transonic and supersonic regions, where fundamental topics such as lifting line theory, panel method, shock waves, Prandtl-Meyer waves, shock wave - boundary layer interaction, aerodynamic heating etc. can be studied with deeper insights. One of his recent works that was completed along with a MEng student, and is entitled "A theoretical approximation of the shock stand-off distance for the flows around a circular cylinder", is being under the review for a leading journal "Physics of Fluids".

    Completed Projects:
    2009-2010, HEA funding, “Open educational resources (OER) project”
    2006-2008, Rolls-Royce Grant, “Integrated model for Aero-engine bearing chamber flows”
    2004-2006, NERC Postdoc Grant (NER/A/S2003/00439), “Granular flows and applications”
    2002-2004, EPSRC Postdoc Grant (GR/R753-4/01), “Fast granular streams”
    1999-2002, EPSRC PhD Scholarship, “Numerical modelling of fluid flows”

  • Publications

    Journal articles

    Sinclair, J., & Cui, X. (2017). A theoretical approximation of the shock stand-off distance for the flows around a circular cylinder. Physics of Fluids, 29, 026102.

    Cui, X. (2014). Computational and experimental studies of rapid free-surface granular flows around obstacles. Computers & Fluids, 89, 179-190.

    Cui, X., & Gray, J.M.N.T. (2012). Bow shocks and vacuum formation during the granular free-surface flow around circular cylinder. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 720, 314-337.

    Cui, X. (2008). Cellpattern and stagnationring of the flowdriven by the counter-rotation in afluid-filledcylinder. Computers and Fluids, 37 (2), 135-145.

    Cui, X., Gray, J.M.N.T., & Jóhannesson, T. (2007). Deflecting dams and the formation of oblique shocks in snow avalanches at Flateyri, Iceland. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112 (F4).

    Gray, J.M.N.T., & Cui, X. (2007). Weak, strong and detached oblique shocks in gravity-driven granular free-surface flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 579, 113.

    Cui, X. (2004). Numerical simulations of the generation of Taylor-Görtler vortices during spin-down to rest in finite-length cylinders. Computers and Fluids, 33 (4), 603-621.

    Cui, X. (2003). A Numerical Study of the Recirculation Zones during Spin-Up and Spin-Down for Confined Rotating Flows. Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, 17 (1), 31-49.

    Conference papers

    Hogg, A.J., Gray, J.M.N.T., & Cui, X. (2005). Granular vacua. Powders and Grains 2005 - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Micromechanics of Granular Media, 2, 929-932.

    Cui, X., Ruban, A.I., & Wang, Y. (1999). A numerical test of viscous transonic flows with TVD scheme. 9th International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference.

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