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Dr Alan Ruddock FBASES FHEA

Lecturer of the Physiology of Sport and Exercise


Summary

I am an accredited sport and exercise scientist and Fellow of the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences; Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Chair of the Academy of Sport and Physical Activity Ethics Committee and Laboratory Director for the Sport and Physical Activity Research Centre. I have provided physiological support for Olympians, Paralympians, World, Commonwealth, European and British champions in a range of sports from wheelchair fencing to professional boxing and have co-authored over 25 scientific manuscripts. I welcome applications from potential PhD students relating to any of my areas of scientific interest. 

 

 

About

My scientific interests are high-intensity interval training, thermoregulation and performance for elite sport. I have been fortunate enough to provide scientific support to professional boxers in 15 world-title fights as well as Olympians, Paralympians and professional and amateur athletes in a range of sports and have published and presented my research on sports performance internationally. I have provided scientific consultation to Premier League football clubs, the English Institute of Sport and academic institutions in Europe, North America, Asia and Australia. 

 

 

Specialist areas of interest

Sport physiology, strength and conditioning, high-intensity interval training, thermal physiology, ergogenic aids, amateur and professional boxing, endurance sports

Teaching

Academy of Sport and Physical Activity

Health And Wellbeing

BSc Sport and Exercise Science
MSc Applied Sport and Exercise Science
MSc Strength and Conditioning Coaching


Sport

 

  • BSc Sport and Exercise Science;
  • BSc Sport and Exercise Technology;
  • MSc Applied Sport and Exercise Science;
  • MSc Strength and Conditioning Coaching 
 

 

  • Applied Physiology of Sport and Exercise Science;
  • Advanced Human Sciences for Sport and Exercise Science;
  • Physiology and Nutrition for Sport and Exercise Science;
  • Science of Strength and Conditioning;
  • Research Skills for Applied Practice 
 

 

Research

  • effect of hand cooling on physiological responses during exercise in hot environments
  • effects of beetroot juice on performance and physical activity
  • profiling physical capabilities of amateur and professional boxers
  • physiological and movement profiles of mountain bike training

Alan’s research publications can be found here.

I have published over 25 peer reviewed manuscripts, books, chapters and reports and presented several keynotes for governing and professional bodies and academic institutions. I am also a reviewer for several international peer-reviewed publications and have guest-edited a special issue on applied physiology in elite sport. My research interests include high-intensity interval training, thermoregulation and performance for elite sport and within the last 2 years developed international collaborations with Dr James Tufano (Charles University, Prague); Dr Kris Beattie (Athlone Institute of Technology, Ireland); Dr Duncan French (Vice President of Performance, UFC), Associate Prof. Matthew Driller and Dr Lachlan James (La Trobe University, Melbourne). 

 

 

Publications

Journal articles

Vernon, T., Ruddock, A., & Gregory, M. (2021). Performance and Thermal Perceptions of Runners Competing in the London Marathon: Impact of Environmental Conditions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18 (16). http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18168424

Thompson, S.W., Rogerson, D., Ruddock, A., Greig, L., Dorrell, H.F., & Barnes, A. (2021). A Novel Approach to 1RM Prediction Using the Load-Velocity Profile: A Comparison of Models. Sports, 9 (7). http://doi.org/10.3390/sports9070088

Turner, O., Mitchell, N., Ruddock, A., Purvis, A., & Ranchordas, M. (2021). Elite squash players nutrition knowledge and influencing factors. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 18. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-021-00443-3

Bell, L., Ruddock, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Hembrough, D., & Rogerson, D. (2021). “Is It Overtraining or Just Work Ethic?”: Coaches’ Perceptions of Overtraining in High-Performance Strength Sports. Sports, 9 (6), 85. http://doi.org/10.3390/sports9060085

Thompson, S.W., Rogerson, D., Ruddock, A., Banyard, H.G., & Barnes, A. (2021). Pooled Versus Individualized Load–Velocity Profiling in the Free-Weight Back Squat and Power Clean. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. http://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2020-0534

Wilson, D.C., Ruddock, A., Ranchordas, M.K., Thompson, S.W., & Rogerson, D. (2020). Physical profile of junior and senior amateur boxers. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 20 (6), 3452-3459. http://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2020.06466

Ruddock, A., Copeland, R., Broom, D., & Wheat, J. (2020). Winter's Principles of Sport and Exercise Science. The Sport and Exercise Scientist, (66), 16-17.

Bell, L., Ruddock, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., & Rogerson, D. (2020). Overreaching and Overtraining in Strength Sports and Resistance Training: A Scoping Review. Journal of Sports Sciences. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1763077

Thompson, S.W., Rogerson, D., Dorrell, H.F., Ruddock, A., & Barnes, A. (2020). The Reliability and Validity of Current Technologies for Measuring Barbell Velocity in the Free-Weight Back Squat and Power Clean. Sports, 8 (7), e94. http://doi.org/10.3390/sports8070094

Thompson, S., Rogerson, D., Ruddock, A., & Barnes, A. (2019). The Effectiveness of Two Methods of Prescribing Load on Maximal Strength Development: A Systematic Review. Sports Medicine, 50 (5), 919-938. http://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01241-3

Ruddock, A., Boyd, C., Winter, E., & Ranchordas, M. (2018). Considerations for the scientific support process and applications to case studies. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://journals.humankinetics.com/doi/pdf/10.1123/ijspp.2018-0616

Oggioni, C., Jakovljevic, D.G., Klonizakis, M., Ashor, A.W., Ruddock, A., Ranchordas, M., ... Siervo, M. (2017). Dietary nitrate does not modify blood pressure and cardiac output at rest and during exercise in older adults : a randomised cross over study. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 69 (1), 74-83. http://doi.org/10.1080/09637486.2017.1328666

Hodges, G.J., Mallette, M.M., Tew, G.A., Saxton, J.M., Moss, J., Ruddock, A.D., & Klonizakis, M. (2017). Effect of age on cutaneous vasomotor responses during local skin heating. Microvascular Research, 112, 47-52. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2017.03.002

Ruddock, A., Robbins, B., Tew, G., Bourke, L., & Purvis, A. (2017). Practical cooling strategies during continuous exercise in hot environments: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Medicine, 47 (3), 517-532. http://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0592-z

Siervo, M., Oggioni, C., Gjakovljevic, D.G., Trenell, M., Mathers, J.C., Houghton, D., ... Williams, E.A. (2016). Dietary nitrate does not have an effect on physical activity outcomes in healthy older adults : a randomized, cross-over trial. Nutrition Research, 36 (12), 1361-1369. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.nutres.2016.11.004

Ruddock, A., Tew, G., & Purvis, A. (2016). Effect of hand cooling on body temperature, cardiovascular and perceptual responses during recumbent cycling in a hot environment. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1-9. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2016.1215501

Ruddock, A., Wilson, D., Thompson, S., Hembrough, D., & Winter, E. (2016). Strength and conditioning for professional boxing: recommendations for physical preparation. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 38 (3), 81-90. http://doi.org/10.1519/SSC.0000000000000217

Ruddock, A., Thompson, S., Hudson, S.A., James, C.A., Gibson, O.R., & Mee, J.A. (2016). Combined active and passive heat exposure induced heat acclimation in a soccer referee before 2014 FIFA world cup. SpringerPlus, 5 (617), 1-9. http://doi.org/10.1186/s40064-016-2298-y

Ruddock, A., & Winter, E. (2015). Jumping depends on impulse not power. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34 (6), 584-585. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2015.1064157

Griffen, C., Rogerson, D., Ranchordas, M., & Ruddock, A. (2015). Effects of creatine and sodium bicarbonate co-ingestion on multiple indices of mechanical power output during repeated wingate tests in trained men. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 25 (3), 298-306. http://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0146

Ruddock, A.D., Tew, G., & Purvis, A. (2014). Reliability of intestinal temperature using an ingestible telemetry pill system during exercise in a hot environment. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28 (3), 861-869. http://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182aa5dd0

Ranchordas, M., Rogerson, D., Ruddock, A., Killer, S., & Winter, E. (2013). Nutrition for tennis : practical recommendations. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 12, 211-224. http://www.jssm.org/abstreview.php?id=jssm-12-211.xml

Tew, G.A., Saxton, J.M., Klonizakis, M., Moss, J., Ruddock, A.D., & Hodges, G.J. (2011). Aging and aerobic fitness affect the contribution of noradrenergic sympathetic nerves to the rapid cutaneous vasodilator response to local heating. Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 (5), 1264-1270. http://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.01423.2010

Tew, G., Klonizakis, M., Moss, J., Ruddock, A., Saxton, J., & Hodges, G.J. (2011). Role of sensory nerves in the rapid cutaneous vasodilator response to local heating in young and older endurance-trained and untrained men. Experimental Physiology, 96 (2), 163-170. http://doi.org/10.1113/expphysiol.2010.055434

Tew, G., Saxton, J., Klonizakis, M., Moss, J., Ruddock, A., & Hodges, G.J. (2011). Aging and aerobic fitness affect the contribution of noradrenergic sympathetic adrenergic nerves to the rapid cutaneous vasodilator response to local heating. Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 (5), 1264-1270. http://doi.org/10.​1152/​japplphysiol.​01423.​2010

Tew, G., Klonizakis, M., Moss, J., Ruddock, A., Saxton, J., & Hodges, G.J. (2010). Reproducibility of cutaneous thermal hyperaemia assessed by laser Doppler flowmetry in young and older adults. Microvascular Research, 81 (2), 177-182. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2010.12.001

Tew, G., Ruddock, A., & Saxton, J. (2010). Skin blood flow differentially affects near-infrared spectroscopy-derived measures of muscle oxygen saturation and blood volume at rest and during dynamic leg exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 110 (5), 1083-1089. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-010-1596-2

Driller, M., Suppiah, H., Rogerson, D., Ruddock, A., James, L., & Virgile, A. (n.d.). Investigating the sleep habits in individual and team-sport athletes using the athlete sleep behaviour questionnaire and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index. Sleep Science.

Conference papers

Ruddock, A., Chatziopolos, K., Parkington, T., Tew, G., & Purvis, A. (2014). Effect of hand cooling on body temperature, cardiovascular and perceptual responses during recumbent cycling in a hot environment. Journal of Science and Cycling, 3 (2). http://www.jsc-journal.com/ojs/index.php?journal=JSC&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=129

Lanceley, R., Ranchordas, M., & Ruddock, A. (2013). Effects of dietary nitrate supplementation on 5km running time trial performance in trained female runners. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 47 (17), e4. http://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-093073.8

Book chapters

Ruddock, A., Wilson, D., & Hembrough, D. (2018). Boxing. In Turner, A. (Ed.) Routledge Handbook of Strength and Conditioning. Sport-specific Programming for High Performance. (pp. 384-399). Abingdon: Routledge: https://www.routledge.com/Routledge-Handbook-of-Strength-and-Conditioning-Sport-specific-Programming/Turner/p/book/9781138687240

Ruddock, A. (2016). Physiology and Risk Management of Cold Exposure. In Feletti, F. (Ed.) Extreme Sports Medicine. (pp. 397-406). Switzerland: Springer International: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-28265-7_31

Books

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2018). Simple Hiit Handbook: 100+ Running-Based Training Sessions Used By World-Class Athletes. Book Baby. https://www.amazon.co.uk/Simple-Hiit-Handbook-Running-Based-World-Class-ebook/dp/B07CRMZPTK

Reports

Ruddock, A., & Macpherson, T. (2020). The Control of Thermal Stress Experienced by Specialist Police Officers Wearing Body Armour: An Exploratory Report.

Theses / Dissertations

Ruddock, A. (2017). Alleviating Heat Strain During Exercise: Hand Cooling and Thermoregulation. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Purvis, A. http://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00094

Internet Publications

Ruddock, A. (2021). Move over hot tubs - this is the summer of the garden ice bath. [Newspaper and Online]. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/health-fitness/body/move-hot-tubs-summer-garden-ice-bath/

Ruddock, A. (2021). Move over hot tubs - this is the summer of the garden ice bath. [Newspaper and Online]. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/health-fitness/body/move-hot-tubs-summer-garden-ice-bath/

Ruddock, A., & wilson, D. (2020). Strength and Conditioning for MMA. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/4WsFyAAe2jhJQViKTEE63b

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast - Episode 14: Science behind the heavyweights. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/6SYlECDMipVER7VnTnS9HO?si=CAmjEkR3RnWIj0C-MGi_PA

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast - Episode 13: Creating a positive gym culture. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/4V8xV3na9niPdbrLSJ5Z15

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, R. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast - Episode 11: Interview with Dr Lachlan James. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/5iZBoEWtiJoeYM9uHFQT1f

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast - Episode 9: Interview with Dr Duncan French UFCPI. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/0nktWQZ4Bc0oN2A5IJXuim

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast - Episode 8: Boxing Specific Fitness. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/0AjPFI0eP3OfW5alDyx4lL?si=S-4shCTESKi5-xIpVJQRVQ

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast Episode 7 - Boxing Training Camp. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/12zrW7ZmnpOrS5t02FRiXt?si=m93TrdfuRZqyfnv9ZkpaOg

Ruddock, A. (2020). What are the biggest physical challenges facing boxers as they return to ring? https://theathletic.com/1823487/2020/05/20/what-are-the-biggest-challenges-facing-boxers-as-they-return-to-the-ring/

Ruddock, A. (2020). What are the biggest physical challenges facing boxers as they return to ring? https://theathletic.com/1823487/2020/05/20/what-are-the-biggest-challenges-facing-boxers-as-they-return-to-the-ring/

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast Episode 6 - Sport Specific S&C - Roundtable Discussion. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/6YRM7yRbvJVrC8mSpsTtDj?si=GH3UV9tXTq2xRrKqSjFuWQ

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast Episode 5: The Return to Boxing. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/5i4VvqxcUFVxbIKfdnS787?si=Vq6aq1TTR-qb70aDpmD7HA

Ruddock, A. (2020). The secrets to becoming a High-Performance Sports Scientist.

Ruddock, A. (2020). Science and Practice of High-Intensity Interval Conditioning. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rjCgSff1ekY&t

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast Episode 2: Lockdown training, nutrition & pyschology. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/0GaUsQ9NPWS7VS5KhVuMYC?si=5w-Z-og-QQeInm5oLKSlXA

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2020). Boxing Science Podcast Episode 1. [Podcast]. https://open.spotify.com/episode/77jeMdWzMZ6wVmtizGgazA?si=UOFQCS_DSgGVeyIsg7lbSQ

Ruddock, A. (2020). What makes Deontay Wilder punch so hard? https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/boxing/article-8017491/What-makes-Deontay-Wilder-frightening-fighter-planet.html

Ruddock, A. (2020). What makes Deontay Wilder punch so hard? https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sport/boxing/article-8017491/What-makes-Deontay-Wilder-frightening-fighter-planet.html

Ruddock, A. (2019). Andy Ruiz Jr: Mom didn’t raise me to trash-talk. [Newspaper Article]. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/andy-ruiz-jr-mom-didnt-raise-me-to-trash-talk-bsjpztd29

Ruddock, A. (2019). Andy Ruiz Jr: Mom didn’t raise me to trash-talk. [Newspaper Article]. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/andy-ruiz-jr-mom-didnt-raise-me-to-trash-talk-bsjpztd29

Ruddock, A. (2019). Optimizing Performance for Boxing: A Detailed Discussion of S&C for the Sport of Boxing. [Podcast]. https://www.synapseperformance.ie/podcasts/Episode86

Ruddock, A. (2019). High-Intensity Conditioning for Combat Athletes. Combat Conditioning Conference, 2019. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bhyvdR3XcBk&feature=youtu.be

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2019). Do ice baths for boxers work? https://www.boxingnewsonline.net/do-ice-baths-for-boxers-work/

Ruddock, A. (2018). Pacey Performance Podcast #215 – Danny Wilson and Alan Ruddock. [Podcast].

Ruddock, A., & Wilson, D. (2018). The Science Behind the Punch. https://www.boxingnewsonline.net/the-science-behind-the-punch-2/

Ruddock, A. (2018). Testing and Programming to Optimize Athlete Performance. [Podcast]. https://podtail.com/en/podcast/tra-performance-education/tra-performance-dr-alan-ruddock-testing-and-progra/

Ruddock, A. (2017). Billy Joe Saunders new training REVEALED | Sports Science Lab at Sheffield Hallam University. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqSpIueQg08

Ruddock, A. (2017). Billy Joe Saunders new training REVEALED | Sports Science Lab at Sheffield Hallam University. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqSpIueQg08

Ruddock, A. (2017). Over-Training, Recovery and Torture with Al Ruddock. https://beyondtheultimate.co.uk/podcast/everything-endurance-episode-five-al-ruddock/

Ruddock, A. (2014). Luis Suárez: Ready to Bite Back. https://www.wsj.com/articles/luis-suarez-ready-to-bite-back-1414088933

Ruddock, A. (2014). Luis Suárez: Ready to Bite Back. https://www.wsj.com/articles/luis-suarez-ready-to-bite-back-1414088933

Ruddock, A. (2014). The sport science regime that helped boxer Kell Brook become a world champion. https://theconversation.com/the-sport-science-regime-that-helped-boxer-kell-brook-become-a-world-champion-30931

Ruddock, A. (2014). World Cup fever? How different climates will affect performance. https://theconversation.com/world-cup-fever-how-different-climates-will-affect-performance-27829

Copeland, R.J., Flint, S., Nevill, A., Wheat, J., Breckon, K., Maynard, I., ... Stevens, H. (n.d.). A tribute to Professor Edward Winter. http://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/ndctk

Media

Ruddock, A. (2014). World Cup 2014: Howard Webb prepares for Brazil heat. BBC Sport: http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/27595950

Ruddock, A. (2013). Kid Galahad - training a champion. Hennessy Sports: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1GatdkW7Rkc

Presentations

Ruddock, A. (2021). High-Intensity Conditioning for Combat Athletes. Presented at: UKSCA Combat Conference, Virtual, 2021

Vetrovsky, T., Omcirk, D., O'Dea, C., Ruddock, A., Wilson, D., Malecek, J., & Tufano, J. (2021). Increased squat jump height is associated with faster landmine punch throw peak velocity. Presented at: NSCA Conference 2021, Florida, USA, 2021

Vetrovsky, J., Omcirk, D., O'Dea, C., Ruddock, A., Wilson, D., & Tufano, J. (2021). More experienced boxers display closer peak velocities between hands during the landmine punch throw compared to less experienced boxers [abstract only]. Presented at: NSCA Conference 2021, Florida, USA, 2021

Ruddock, A. (2021). A sports scientists guide to academic planning and managing work: Perspectives from a decade of working with elite athletes. Presented at: Creating Knowledge Conference 2021, Sheffield Hallam University

Ruddock, A. (2021). Assessing body composition and making weight in professional boxing. Presented at: The Importance of Monitoring Hydration During Training, Online

Reynolds, H., & Ruddock, A. (2021). Practical Cooling Strategies for Specialist Police Officers. Presented at: BASES Student Conference 2021, Southampton, UK

Ruddock, A. (2021). Science and Practice of Speed Endurance Training. Presented at: English Institute of Sport CPD workshop

Ruddock, A. (2020). Winter's Principles of Sport and Exercise Science. Presented at: Sport and Physical Activity Research Centre Seminar Series

Ruddock, A. (2020). Science and Practice of High-Intensity Conditioning. Presented at: Sport and Physical Activity Research Centre Seminar Series

Ruddock, A. (2019). High-Intensity Conditioning for Combat Athletes. Presented at: BASES High Performance Division Workshop

Other publications

Ruddock, A. (2014). How footballers will cope with Brazil's climate in the FIFA 2014 World Cup.

Ruddock, A. (2014). How footballers will cope with Brazil's climate in the FIFA 2014 World Cup.

Ruddock, A. (2012). BBC World Service - The Human Race: Special Live 80th Anniversary Show. BBC: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00pdhjk

Ruddock, A. (2012). BBC World Service - The Human Race: Special Live 80th Anniversary Show. BBC: https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00pdhjk

Postgraduate supervision

Matthew Debney - Thermoregulation and Tennis;

Steve Thompson - Velocity Based Training;

Lee Bell - Overtraining in Strength Sports;

Oliver Turner - Nutrition and Elite Squash 

 

 

 

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