Torsten is a classical Fluid-Dynamicist with a PhD and Habilitation from the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in Germany. He joined Sheffield Hallam University in 2013 after a 2 year stint in Busan, South Korea.
His research interests are interdisciplinary with a focus on physiological flows.
After completing his studies of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Karlsruhe, Torsten worked with the European Space Agency developing optical measurement methods for microgravity convection flows.
After finishing his PhD in 2002, Torsten worked towards the "Habilitation" (professorial degree, higher doctorate, venia legendi) developing in-silico models for the blood flow in a pumping patient-specific human heart. He was awarded the venia legendi for Fluid Mechanics by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) in 2010.
After a short interval as acting head of the Institute of Fluid Mechanics at the KIT, he left Germany to help establish the South Korean overseas branch campus and graduate school in Chemical and Bioengineering for the Friedrich-Alexander University, Erlangen-Nuremberg, serving as Campus Vice President. He was also teaching as a guest professor for physics at the Dongseo University, Busan.
After two years as expat, working in a mostly administrative role, he decided to return to research and teaching and took up the role of Senior Lecturer at Sheffield Hallam University, where he is teaching Fluid- and Thermodynamics and Numerical Methods.
In 2011, he was session introductory speaker at the Japanese-German Frontier of Science Symposium (JaGFoS) of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.
Dr Schenkel is a Chartered Engineer and Fellow of the Institute of Mechanical Engineers.
Specialist areas of interest:
Torsten's research interests are centred on the numerical and experimental modelling and the prediction of flow behaviour in multi-scale, multi-physics setups and validation and verification. This includes internal and external flows while the main aspects of his research are the interaction between flow and structures in physiological flows, the interaction of turbulence with the main flow, especially in boundary layers, pressure gradient driven separation on blunt bodies and the unsteady dynamics of the separated flow regions like the wake of blunt bodies or separation bubbles in inner flows.
Department of Engineering and Mathematics
Science, Technology and Arts
Subject Area/Group: Industrial Collaborative Engineering
Courses: Aerospace Engineering
- Aerodynamic Principles - module leader;
- Thermo/Fluid-Dynamics (Aero) - module leader;
- Advanced Aerospace Computational Methods - module leader;
- Aerospace Numerical Methods and Applications.
- Materials and Engineering Research Institute
Dr Schenkel currently works with Dr Ian Halliday and Dr Tim Spencer from the Materials and Engineering Research Institute, and Professor Paul Evans from the Department of Cardiovascular Science of the University of Sheffield on a multi-scale hemodynamic model to predict damage of vessel walls due to flow induced shear.
Torsten is also working on meso-scale modelling of suspension flows for the food industry, together with Dr Tim Spencer and Dr Ian Halliday and leading an effort to increase the profile of traditional CFD within MERI’s materials modelling group and to develop systematic methodologies for combining traditional continuum mechanical methods with novel meso-scale modelling.
In another cross-disciplinary project, Torsten is working with Dr David Asquith on Fluid-Structure-Interaction problems combining state of the art experimental and computational methods. Together they are establishing a new Experimental and Computational Continuum Mechanics (EC2M) facility - http://blogs.shu.ac.uk/ecm.
Current Research Projects:
- Modelling of spatial distribution of hematocrit in the carotid artery based on patient specific data. Cooperation with Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust (Dr Sud Ramachandran, PI), Brunel University (Drs Atherton and Koenig, Dept of Mech Eng. and Clinical Engineering) and MERI (Ian Halliday, Sergey Lischuk).
- 'Characterisation of atherosclerosis risk using fluid dynamics analysis' - Exploratory project with Prof. Paul Evans, University of Sheffield.
- Department of Cardiovascular Biology - University of Sheffield
- Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust
- Department of Mechanical Engineering and Clinical Engineering, Brunel University
- Department of Cardiovascular Biology - University of Sheffield;
- Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust;
- Department of Mechanical Engineering and Clinical Engineering, Brunel University.
Alfaidi, M.A., Chamberlain, J., Rothman, A., Crossman, D., Villa‐Uriol, M., Hadoke, P., ... Francis, S.E. (2018). Dietary Docosahexaenoic Acid Reduces Oscillatory Wall Shear Stress, Atherosclerosis, and Hypertension, Most Likely Mediated via an IL‐1–Mediated Mechanism. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7 (13), e008757. http://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.008757
Halliday, I., Lishchuk, S., Spencer, T., Burgin, K., & Schenkel, T. (2017). Interfacial Micro-currents in Continuum-ScaleMulti-Component Lattice Boltzmann Equation Hydrodynamics. Computer Physics Communications, 219, 286-296. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpc.2017.06.005
Luong, L., Duckles, H., Schenkel, T., Mahmoud, M., Tremoleda, J.L., Wylezinska-Arridge, M., ... Evans, P.C. (2016). Heart rate reduction with ivabradine promotes shear stress-dependent anti-inflammatory mechanisms in arteries. Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 116 (1), 181-190. http://doi.org/10.1160/TH16-03-0214
Luong, L., Duckles, H., Schenkel, T., Arnold, N., Gsell, W., Lungu, A., ... Evans, P. (2014). Abstract 258: A Pharmacological Approach to Promote Shear Stress-Dependent Anti-inflammatory Mechanisms in Arteries. Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology, 34 (Suppl), A258. http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/34/Suppl_1/A258
Perschall, M., Drevet, J.B., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2012). The progressive wave pump: numerical multiphysics investigation of a novel pump concept with potential to ventricular assist device application. Artificial organs, 36 (9), E179-E190. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1525-1594.2012.01495.x
Kobayashi, S., Adachi, T., Suzuki, T., Debatin, K., Schenkel, T., & Oertels, H. (2011). Non-self-similarity in mach reflection of weak shock waves: effects of transport properties and surface roughness. Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Japan, 59, 233-244. http://doi.org/10.11345/nctam.59.233
Schenkel, T., Krittian, S., Muehlhausen, M.-.P., & Oertel, H. (2010). Hemodynamics and Fluid-Structure-Interaction in a Virtual Heart. it - Information Technology : Methoden und innovative Anwendungen der Informatik und Informationstechnik, 52 (2), 250-257. http://doi.org/10.1524/itit.2010.0599,
Krittian, S., Schenkel, T., Janoske, U., & Oertel, H. (2010). Partitioned fluid-solid coupling for cardiovascular blood flow: validation study of pressure-driven fluid-domain deformation. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 38 (8), 2676-2689. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10439-010-0024-4
Reik, M., Höcker, R., Bruzzese, C., Hollmach, M., Koudal, O., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2010). Flow rate measurement in a pipe flow by vortex shedding. Forschung im Ingenieurwesen, 74 (2), 77-86. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10010-010-0117-0
Schenkel, T., Malve, M., Reik, M., Markl, M., Jung, B., & Oertel, H. (2009). MRI-based CFD analysis of flow in a human left ventricle: methodology and application to a healthy heart. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 37 (3), 503-515. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10439-008-9627-4
Cheng, Y., Oertel, H., & Schenkel, T. (2005). Fluid-structure coupled CFD simulation of the left ventricular flow during filling phase. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 33 (5), 567-576. http://www.springerlink.com/index/10.1007/s10439-005-4388-9
Power, S., Nortcliffe, A., Vernon-Parry, K., & Schenkel, T. (2016). Engineering learning through aerospace engineering. In Annual International Conference on Engineering Education & Teaching, Athens, Greece. Athens Institute for Education and Research: http://www.atiner.gr/papers/ENGEDU2016-2003.pdf
Alfaidi, M., Schenkel, T., Evans, P., Chamberlain, J., & Francis, S. (2015). 192 dietary docosahexaenoic acid reduced experimental atherosclerosis by inducing protective haemodynamic conditions [abstract only]. Heart, 101 (Suppl), A107. http://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308066.192
Ruck, S., Tischmacher, M., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2010). Biofluidmechanics of avian flight : recent numerical and experimental investigations. In Goh Cho Hong, J., & Lim, C.T. (Eds.) 6th World Congress of Biomechanics (WCB 2010). August 1-6, 2010 Singapore : In Conjunction with 14th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (ICBME) & 5th Asia Pacific Conference on Biomechanics (APBiomech), (pp. 14-17). Springer: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14515-5_4
Schenkel, T., Krittian, S., Spiegel, K., Höttges, S., Perschall, M., & Oertel, H. (2010). The Karlsruhe Heart Model KaHMo: a modular framework for numerical simulation of cardiac hemodynamics. In Dössel, O., & Schlegel, W.C. (Eds.) World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany : image processing, biosignal processing, modelling and simulation, biomechanics, (pp. 615-618). Springer Berlin Heidelberg: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2/_163
Perschall, M., Spiegel, K., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2010). Effects of VAD placement on 3D fluid flow in a patient specific numerical model of the left ventricle with ischemic heart failure. In Dössel, O., & Schlegel, W.C. (Eds.) World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany : image processing, biosignal processing, modelling and simulation, biomechanics, (pp. 611-614). Springer Berlin Heidelberg: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03882-2/_162
Ruck, S., & Schenkel, T. (2010). Vortex Configuration behind Flapping Wings. In IUTAM Symposium on Bluff Body Wakes and Vortex-Induced Vibrations, Capri, Italy, 22 June 2010 - 25 June 2010. http://iutam.org/iutam-symposium-on-bluff-body-wakes-and-vortex-induced-vibrations/
Krittian, S., Höttges, S., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2009). Multi-physical simulation of left-ventricular blood flow based on patient-specific MRI data. In Lim, C.T., & Goh, J.C.H. (Eds.) 13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, (pp. 1542-1545). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer: http://www.springerlink.com/content/w5154kg745122605/%20http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92841-6/_382
Krittian, S.B.S., Höttges, S., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2009). Multi-Physical Simulation of Left-ventricular Blood Flow Based On Patient-specific MRI Data. IFMBE Proceedings, 23, 1542-1545. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92841-6_382
Krittian, S.B.S., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2007). Simulation of left-ventricular myocardial deformation for fluid domain movement. Proceedings of the Fifth IASTED International Conference on Biomechanics, BioMech 2007, 84-89.
Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2006). Numerical simulation of the asymmetric redirection of blood flow in the left ventricle. Journal of Biomechanics, 39 (S. 1), S310. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9290(06)84213-2
Kobayashi, S., Adachi, T., Debatin, K., Schenkel, T., & Oertel, H. (2004). Effect of surface roughness on Mach reflection. In XXI International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics : Shock Waves, Warsaw, Poland, 15 August 2004 - 21 August 2004 (pp. 1-2). Warsaw, Poland
Schenkel, T., Meyer, S., & Oertel, H. (2003). Flow in a human model aorta. In XXth World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Sydney, Australia. Sydney, Australia
Oertel, H., & Schenkel, T. (2001). Application of advanced fluid information in aeroacoustics. 1st International Symposium on Advanced Fluid Information, 19-23.
Schenkel, T., Stoynov, M., & Oertel, H. (2000). Stability of shear layers in the interface of a binary liquid system - Experiment definition, 3-d numerical problem formulation, 2-d numerical results for ground based preparation experiments on basic flow. In 1st International Symposium on Microgravity Research and Applications in Physical Science and Biotechnology, ESA, Sorrento Italy, 10 September 2000 - 15 September 2000. Sorrento, Italy
Schenkel, T., & Debatin, K. (2000). Reconstruction of 3-dimensional density distributions by tomographic interferometry. In Cariomagno, G.M., & Grant, I. (Eds.) 9TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON FLOW VISUALISATION, (pp. 447-1). Edinburgh: Professor I Grant
Schenkel, T., & Mühlhausen, M.-.P. (2014). Modellierung der Hämodynamik und Fluid-Struktur-Interaktion im virtuellen menschlichen Herzen. In Niederlag, W., Lemke, H.U., Lehrach, H., & Peitgen, H.-.O. (Eds.) Der virtuelle Patient. (pp. 94-109). Berlin: DeGruyter: http://doi.org/10.1515/9783110335668.94
Theses / Dissertations
Burgin, K. (2018). Development of explicit and constitutive lattice-Boltzmannmodels for food product rheology. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Spencer, T., Halliday, I., & Schenkel, T. http://doi.org/10.7190/shu-thesis-00150
Schenkel, T. (2011). Fluid-Structure-Interaction: From classical divide to challenging reunion. Presented at: 8th Japanese-German Frontiers of Science Symposium, Tokyo, Japan, 2011
- IMechE committee South Yorkshire Automobile Division.
Characterisation of Endothelial WSS distribution using optical measurement methods
PhD, GTA Scholarship, Director of Studies, started 2017
Novel ceramic coatings for electroadhesion
PhD, Vice Chancellor Scholarship, Co-Supervisor, started 2017
Dynamic analysis of a high speed projectile and factors affecting trajectory
MPhil, Director of Studies, started 2016
Enhancing Stirling Engine efficiency by novel redesign of heat exchanger mechanisms
PhD, Vice Chancellor Scholarship, Co-Supervisor, started 2016