Andrew Watson

Mr Andrew Watson LLB, MA, MPhil( Cantab) PhD. FRSA.

Senior Research Fellow


Senior Research Fellow, Department of Law and Criminology, Sheffield Hallam University, Former Associate Professor University of Law , London, Former Associate Professor Niigata University, Japan. Previously Senior Lecturer, Inns of Court School of Law/City University, London.


I joined the Department in February, 2014 having previously taught for over ten years at the College of Law in Bloomsbury and Moorgate, London, where I became an Associate Professor. I taught at the Inns of Court School of Law (now City University) for a similar number of years. I was an Associate Professor at Niigata University, Japan and a Research Fellow at Chuo, Tokyo Metropolitan, Doshisha and Osaka City Universities. In the United States I was a Visiting Lecturer at Roger Williams University, Rhode Island and Harvard University, where I also undertook supervised research. In Britain I was a visiting lecturer at Boston University (Kensington, London), Greenwich University, the School of African and Oriental Studies ("SOAS"), London and Cambridge University. I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy. Earlier in life I was a barrister with a tenancy at 1 Gray's Inn Square (formerly the Chambers of Mr Malcolm Weisman then of Mr Carl Teper), and also worked as a solicitor in a law centre in central London. Before my current research role at SHU I taught a number of modules including Public Law, Administrative, Mooting and Contract.

Principal subjects are Public Law, Criminal Law, English Legal System and components, including oral skills and civil and criminal procedure, on professional vocational courses - the Legal Practice Course, for solicitors, and the Bar Professional Training Course. I have commenced teaching on the Mooting Module, the Law and Community Module and the Law and Corporate Governance Module.


Department Of Law and Criminology

College of Social Sciences and Arts




English Legal History, particularly evolution of court advocacy since the 17th Century; the history of a mixed judge and jury system in Japan; the way western laws were received, or resisted, in Japan, China and the Ottoman Empire in the Long Nineteenth Century; changes in Japanese legal education; probation in Japan; the debate in that country about the age of criminal adulthood; Scottish Independence/Separatism/ Nationalism and constitutions; aspects of the legal profession and of legal education in England and Wales; Jewish Studies and History; mental health and wellbeing, especially in academic institutions.

Universities in Japan including Doshisha, Kyoto, Osaka City, Osaka Jogakuin University and Chuo.



Journal articles

Watson, A. (2023). The Legal Education Revolution that Failed – Attempts to Establish a Legal University in Victorian Britain. Journal on European History of Law, 14 (2), 28-39.

Watson, A. (2022). Criminal majority in Japan: what was decided and implemented. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 22 (1).

Watson, A. (2022). Art and propaganda - historical depictions of Jewish people. Chevarim, Februa, 2-10.

Watson, A. (2022). The Origins and Development of the Cab Rank Rule for Barristers in England and Wales. Journal on European History of Law, 13 (1), 12-20.

Watson, A. (2021). Argentinian Jewish History. Chaverim, (Novemb), 4-8.

Watson, A. (2020). Changes in American court advocacy during the long nineteenth century: Classical influences, their decline, similarities and comparisons with England and Wales. Journal on European History of Law, 11 (1), 14-21.

Watson, A. (2019). Probation and Volunteers in Japan. Advancing Corrections Journal, Edition 7.

Watson, A. (2018). Juvenile Justice and the age of criminal adulthood in Japan. Journal of Japanese Law, 23 (45).

Watson, A. (2018). Probation and lowering the age of Criminal Majority in Japan. Electronic Journal of Contemporary Japanese Studies, 18 (3).

Watson, A. (2018). Probation in Japan: strengths and challenges and likely new tasks. European journal of probation, 10 (2), 160-177.

Watson, A. (2017). Changes and influences on jury advocacy in England and Wales during the second half of the Twentieth Century. Journal on European History of Law, 8 (2), 13-21.

Watson, A. (2017). Development of Jury Service in Japan. A square block in a round hole. Anna Dobrovolskaia . Routledge, London / New York 2017, 283 pp., £ 95; ISBN: 978‑1‑4724‑8255‑6. Journal of Japanese Law, 22 (43), 267-274.

Watson, A. (2017). An enlarged role for probation in Japan to reduce drug offending. Journal of Japanese Law, 22 (43), 175-203.

Watson, A. (2016). An earlier experience of lay involvement in court decisions in Japan – The Jury 1928–1943. Journal of Japanese Law, 21 (42), 153-178.

Watson, A. (2016). The Silent Revolution in Methods of Advocacy in English Courts. Journal on European History of Law, 7 (2).

Watson, A. (2016). Changes in Japanese Legal Education. Journal of Japanese Law, 21 (41), 1-54.

Watson, A. (2016). Victorian jury court advocacy and signs of fundamental change. Journal on European History of Law, 7 (1), 36-44.

Watson, A., & Hatashin, O. (2006). The Dark Cloud Clearing? Recent Developments in Japanese Criminal Procedure. Justice of the Peace, 170 (51/52), 992-996.

Watson, A., & Chatterjee, S. (2006). Going International. Journal of Teaching in International Business, 17 (4), 5-25.

Watson, A., & Wooldridge, B. (2005). Business unit manager influence on corporate-level strategy formulation. Journal of Managerial Issues, 17 (2), 147-161.

Robertson, C.J., & Watson, A. (2004). Corruption and change: the impact of foreign direct investment. Strategic Management Journal, 25 (4), 385-396.

Watson, A. (2003). Uses of drama in criminal justice. Journal of Criminal Justice, 167 (7,8, 9), 107-10.130.

Watson, A. (2003). Uses of drama in criminal justice. Justice of the Peace, 167 (7,8, 9), 107-10.130.

Mir, R., & Watson, A. (2001). Critical realism and constructivism in strategy research: toward a synthesis. Strategic Management Journal, 22 (12), 1169-1173.

Watson, A. (2001). Changing Advocacy. Justice of the Peace, 165 (38,41), 743-749, 804.

Watson, A. (2001). Juvenile law in Japan revised and revisited. Justice of the Peace, 165 (16), 298-303.

Watson, A. (2001). Comparative law in a changing world. By Peter De Cruz.[Cavendish Publishing Ltd,1999,2nd Edition.512pp. £26.95 (paperback.]. The Law Teacher, 35 (1), 152-154.

Watson, A. (2000). Witness preparation in the United States and in England and Wales. Justice of the Peace, 164 (42), 816-822..

Mir, R., & Watson, A. (2000). Strategic management and the philosophy of science: the case for a constructivist methodology. Strategic Management Journal, 21 (9), 941-953.<941::aid-smj141>;2-d

Watson, A. (2000). A time of change: legal aid in Japan. Justice of the Peace, 164 (34), 657-663.

Watson, A. (2000). The inns of court and America. Justice of the Peace, 164 (27, 28), 516-521, 540.

Shapiro, D.L., & Watson, A. (2000). Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to Induce Problem Solving in Schools. Negotiation Journal, 16 (2), 183-190.

Watson, A. (2000). Picking federal judges, lower court selection from Roosevelt through Reagan. Justice of the Peace, 164 (2), 31-32.

Watson, A. (1999). Restorative justice : healing the effects of crime. Justice of the Peace, 163 (51), 1011-1012.

Watson, A. (1999). The tilted playing field. Is criminal justice unfair? H. Richard Ulliver. Yale University Press. Hardback £17. ISBN 0 300 07584-7. Justice of the Peace, 163 (29), 572-573.

Watson, A. (1999). Impeachments-past, present and future? Justice of the Peace, 163 (24, 25), 468-472, 491.

Watson, A. (1999). Analysing witness testimony. A guide for legal practitioners and other professionals .Edited by Anthony Heaton-Armstrong, Eric Shepherd and David Wolchover. Blackstone Press Limited, 1999. ISBN 1 85431 731 8. Price (softback) £31.95. Justice of the Peace, 163 (24), 479.

Watson, A. (1999). The new judiciary. Kate Malleson. Ashgate,1999. ISBN 1 840 077 1. Hardback £45. Justice of the Peace, 163 (22), 439-440.

Watson, A. (1999). Trial advocacy from Harvard. Justice of the Peace, 163 (15), 290-295.

Watson, A. (1998). Pro-bono in America: an example well worth studying? Justice of the Peace, 162 (51,52), 998-1003, 1016.

Watson, A., Rodgers, T., & Dudek, D. (1998). The human nature of management consulting: judgment and expertise. Managerial and Decision Economics, 19 (7-8), 495-503.<495::aid-mde902>;2-3

Watson, A. (1998). More on the cab-rank rule. Justice of the Peace, 162 (30), 576-578.

Watson, A. (1998). Advocacy for the unpopular: The barristers’ cab-rank rule in England and Wales, past, present and future? Justice of the Peace, 162 (25, 26), 476-480, 499.

Watson, A. (1998). Dealing with small claims in Japan. Litigation, 17 (7), 267-279.

Watson, A. (1998). Training for the legal profession at the legal training and research centre in Tokyo. Justice of the Peace, 162 (16), 299-304.

Watson, A. (1998). Juvenile crime and justice in Japan. Justice of the Peace, 162 (14), 261-265.

Watson, A. (1998). The present and future role of the Privy Council. Justice of the Peace, 162 (4), 59-60.

Watson, A. (1998). Crimes against and legal protection for animals in Britain and Japan. The Criminologist.

Watson, A. (1997). Public defenders in the United States: any lessons for Britain? Justice of the Peace, 161 (45), 1031-1034.

Watson, A. (1997). Japanese Legal System: Text and Materials. By Meryll Dean. [Cavendish Publishing Ltd.1997. Ist edition,653pp., £47.95 (paperback) £47.95. The Law Teacher, 31 (3), 409-412.

Watson, A. (1997). Training for the bar: an important year. A Law Librarian's Newsletter, 28 (2), 82-86.

Watson, A. (1997). Important changes in the training of barristers. Litigation, 17 (1), 11-19.

Watson, A. (1996). The Royal Commission on Criminal Justice in England and Wales and the right to jury trial. Hosei Riron, Spring.

Watson, A. (1996). Japan's remarkable prisons. The Criminologist, 20 (4), 195-206.

Watson, A. (1995). Compensation for victims of road traffic accidents in Japan: any relevance for Britain ? Road Law and Road Law Reports.

Watson, A. (1995). The death penalty in Japan and the abolition debate. Volume LXIX Number III. The Police Journal, LXIX (iii), 227-238.

Watson, A. (1995). The dark cloud over Japanese criminal justice : abuse of suspects and forced confessions. Justice of the Peace, 159 (31), 516-9.

Watson, A. (1995). Should the jury return to Japan ? The Criminologist, 19 (3), 143-155.

Watson, A. (1995). Training to be a lawyer in Japan. The Law Teacher, 29 (1), 64-70.

Watson, A. (1994). Divorce in Japan: any lessons for England and Wales. Litigation, 13 (8), 337-342.

Watson, A., & Cryan, D. (1994). The Fortunate Few. Counsel.The Journal of the Bar of England and Wales, 22.

Watson, A. (1994). Legal Education in England and Wales. Hosei Riron, Spring.

Watson, A. (1993). Becoming a lawyer in Japan. Litigation, 13 (2), 73-76.

Watson, A. (1993). Reforming Anton Piller orders. Litigation, 12 (6), 229-235.

Watson, A. (1993). Alternative dispute resolution in Britain. Hosie Riron (Journal of Niigata University Faculty of Law), Nov.

Watson, A. (1993). Illegal contracts in employment law. Litigation, 12 (4), 155-160.

Watson, A. (1993). Becoming a lawyer in England and Wales July 1993. Hogaku seminar (Japanese National Legal Publication).

Watson, A. (1993). Laws and the British royal family. Hogaku seminar (Japanese National Legal Publication).

Watson, A. (1993). Recovery for nervous shock: a Look at the law and some thoughts of reform. Litigation, 12 (5), 193-200.

Watson, A. (1992). Remedies for sexual harassment at work. Litigation, 12 (3), 91-97.

Watson, A. (1992). Environmental law. Simon Ball and Stuart Bell. Published by Blackstone Press. Price £21.95. Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation, 11 (7), 297-299.

Watson, A. (1992). A look at alternative resolution. Alternatives to the High Cost of Litigation, 11 (7).

Watson, A. (1992). Squatting: a note on existing remedies. Litigation, 11 (5), 181-182.

Watson, A. (1992). Law and the shaping of the American labor movement. William Forbath. Harvard University Press.£23.95. Litigation, 11 (3), 120-121.

Watson, A. (1990). Lawyers in society. Comparative theories. Edited by Richard L. Abel and Philip S.C. Lewis. University of California Press, Berkeley. USA. Litigation, 9 (8), 337-338.

Conference papers

Watson, A. (2020). Learning from the Grayling Reforms of Probation in England. Japan Rehabilitation Society Annual Journal.

Watson, A. (2020). Learning from the Grayling Reforms of Probation in England. Japan Rehabilitation Society Annual Journal.

Watson, A. (2019). Probation : Lessons from Japan. British Japanese Lawyers Association website.

Watson, A. (2015). An earlier experience of lay involvement in court decisions in Japan - the Jury 1928-1943 and its legacy. In AN EARLIER EXPERIENCE OF LAY INVOLVEMENT IN COURT DECISIONS IN JAPAN – THE JURY 1928 –1943 AND ITS LEGACY, Institute of Advanced Legal Education, 2015.

Watson, A. (2014). Teaching Advocacy with History and in Context. In International Advocacy Teaching Conference 2014, Nottingham, 9 June 2014.

Watson, A. (2014). Responding to change: The Question of Scottish Independence and the teaching of Public Law. In Association of Law Teachers Annual Conference, Leeds, 7 April 2014.

Book chapters

Watson, A. (2006). Popular involvement in criminal justice: Should the jury return to Japan? And the question of mixed courts. In Marutschke, H.P. (Ed.) Laienrichter in Japan, Deutschland und Europa. (pp. 110-186). Berlin: Berliner Wissenschaft-Verlag


Watson, A. (2019). Speaking in Court. Springer International Publishing.

Watson, A. (2016). Popular participation in Japanese criminal justice : from jurors to lay judges. Palgrave Macmillan.


Murray, P., & Watson, A. (2008). Comparative Study on Authentic Instruments, National Provisions of Private Law,Circulation, Mutual Recognition and Enforcement, Possible Legislative Initiative by the European Union.United Kingdom ,France,Germany ,Poland, Romania and Sweden. European Union, 2008, IP/C/JURI/IC/2008-019. Brussels: European Parliament.

Other activities

Presenter at conferences relevant to my research.

Postgraduate supervision


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