Dr Anil Gumber joined Sheffield Hallam University in 2012 as Principal Health Economist. Over the last three decades Anil has been actively involved in research issues on health and wellbeing. He has undertaken several consultation projects funded by many organisations including the World Bank and the NHS. Anil was previously Senior Research Fellow at Warwick Medical School, and Senior Economist at the National Council of Applied Economic Research, New Delhi. He was awarded Ph.D. in economics from Gujarat University, Ahmedabad and post-doctoral research fellowship from Harvard School of Public Health, Boston. He attained the Postgraduate Certificate in Health Economics and Health Policy from University of Birmingham in 2010.
Over the last 30 years Anil has been actively involved in research issues on health and wellbeing. He undertook both national and international level policy and advocacy research studies in areas including, public health and nutrition, population diversity and inequalities in health, economic evaluation of health interventions, health care financing and insurance in developing countries. He has undertaken several consultation projects funded by the World Bank, UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, IDRC, WHO, DfID, ESRC and NHS. Anil also has over one hundred research papers and reports to his credit.
Whilst studying at the Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Anil worked on three research papers. The focus was on equity and efficiency issues in the Indian health care system, the cost and burden of injury in developing countries and poverty and health and nutrition relationships among rural households in Bangladesh. During 1996 Anil was a member of the Working Group on Health Financing and Insurance for the Ninth Five Year Plan set-up by the Planning Commission and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in India. He undertook a critical review of the health expenditure and suggested new financing mechanism to meet the Plan Objectives. Being a member of the National Sample Survey Organisation of Government of India for 52nd Round on Social Consumption, Anil contributed in improving various concepts. These included measurement of morbidity and health care, utilization and expenditure and definitions and procedures used in the collection of NSS household survey data. Anil has also collaborated on economic and financial analysis of several health and nutrition projects, including an evaluation of a rural community health project in India for the IDRC, Canada and a private health expenditure review in Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal for the DFID.
Before coming to the UK in 2001, Anil was working as a Health Specialist in one of the premier research institutes and a policy think-tank nationally, at the National Council of Applied Economic Research, in New Delhi. There he coordinated the critical policy and advocacy projects in the area of human development and health sector. These included:
- impact of economic reforms on health and poverty as well as on employment and wages
- an evaluation of the world’s largest outreach child health and nutrition programme (Integrated Child Development Programme)
- health insurance for the poor
- benefit-incidence analyses of government spending in the primary, secondary and tertiary health care services
- cost-benefit analysis of maternal and child health services
Two studies relating to community health insurance and external assistance to health sector were exclusively undertaken for the WHO Commission on Macroeconomics and Health.
In the UK, Anil joined the UK Centre for Evidence is Ethnicity Health and Diversity at the University of Warwick as a senior research fellow. At the Centre, Anil was performing a dual role by continuing policy relevant research in ‘ethnicity and health’ and undertaking economic analyses of internationally relevant clinical trials in three areas: diabetes, whiplash injury and cancer funded by the NHS, NIH and other UK bodies. Anil also monitored and developed key trial materials and language translation targeting better participation of South Asian patients in clinical trials and health surveys as well as contributing to improving sensitivity and specificity of name analysis software. Some of his completed research dealt with ethnicity and cancer screening uptake (funded by the Department of Health), occupational health and work place injuries among ethnic minorities (funded by the Health and Safety Executive), ethnic communication in health services (funded by the Department of Health), and racial inequality in health (funded by the Home Office). Anil undertook detailed analysis of NHS routine clinical data for bowel, breast and cervical screening programmes to compute screening uptake rate and cancer detection rates by ethnic and socio-economically deprived groups.
Anil also received a special distinction at the International Health Economics Association (iHEA) Vth World Congress on Investing in Health held in Barcelona July 10-13, 2005. Out of over 500 poster presentations at the deliberation his research work on ‘Pattern and Determinants of Health Care Use and Expenditures at the End-of-Life in India’ won the best poster award.
Besides providing the critical health economics inputs to HSCR research projects, Anil is currently working on three grant applications:
- impact of childhood disadvantage on income
- health and well-being in adulthood improving physical activity in South Asian diabetic and CVD patients
- understanding and measuring health and happiness in a diverse population
economic evaluation of clinical trials
ethnicity, health and wellbeing inequalities
cost and benefit analysis of health programmes
econometric analysis of longitudinal and cross-sectional data
health development and financing in India
community health insurance in South Asia and health and poverty issues in South Asia
Allied Health Professions
Health And Wellbeing
Health and Social Care
- Centre for Health and Social Care Research
2014-17 Gumber A (CoI). NIHR RfPB £287000. Exploring the Feasibility of Implementing a Supervised Exercise Training and Compression Hosiery Intervention in Patients with Venous Ulceration (FISCU). Dr Markos Klonizakis (PI), SHU.
2013 Gumber A (Joint PI). HIEF HEFCE funding £20000. Assessing, developing and piloting information support tools to increase knowledge, satisfaction and awareness of cancer, screening and treatment among Muslim communities (April-Sept 2013).
2013 Gumber A (Joint PI). Imagine Project SHU, £13610. Resilience in Health Services (Jan-June 2013).
2007-10 Gumber A (CoI). SDO Programme (Limited Open Call Scheme), Department of Health, £300,000, Evaluation of Intermediate Care Clinics for Diabetes (ICCD), Dr Andrew Wilson (University of Leicester).
2007-08 Gumber A (PI). Department for Work and Pensions, £18000. Obesity and sickness absence: Differentials by age, ethnicity and occupation groups and influence on career progression.
2006-08 Gumber A (CoI). Joseph Rowntree Foundation, £98,000. A Comparative Study of Different Models of Improved Care in Care Homes.
2007 Gumber A (PI ). Coventry Teaching Primary Care Trust and Warwickshire PCT, £9000. Use of Nam Pehchan on PCT Data for Quality Assurance of Practice based registers and screening programmes.
2005-07 Gumber A (CoI). NIH, Department of Health and Human Services (USA), $232,000. Colorectal Cancer Screening-Primary Care Strategies, Prof. David Weller (University of Edinburgh).
Gumber, A., Ramaswamy, B., & Thongchundee, O. (2019). Effects of Parkinson's on employment, cost of care, and quality of life of people with condition and family caregivers in the UK: a systematic literature review. Patient Related Outcome Measures, 10, 321-333. http://doi.org/10.2147/PROM.S160843
Kesterton, S., Crank, H., Tew, G., Michaels, J., Gumber, A., McIntosh, E., ... Klonizakis, M. (2019). Participant experiences in a feasibility trial of supervised exercise training in adults with venous leg ulcers: a qualitative study. International Wound Journal. http://doi.org/10.1111/iwj.13252
Mitropoulos, A., Gumber, A., Akil, M., & Klonizakis, M. (2019). Exploring the microcirculatory effects of an exercise programme including aerobic and resistance training in people with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis. Microvascular Research, 125. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.mvr.2019.103887
Mitropoulos, A., Gumber, A., Crank, H., Akil, M., & Klonizakis, M. (2018). Investigating the effectiveness and feasibility of exercise on microvascular reactivity and quality of life in systemic sclerosis patients: study protocol for a feasibility study. Trials, 19, 647. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-018-2980-1
Klonizakis, M., Gumber, A., Mcintosh, E., King, B., Middleton, G., Michaels, J.A., & Tew, G. (2018). Exercise fidelity and progression in a supervised exercise programme for adults with venous leg ulcers. International Wound Journal, 15 (5), 822-828. http://doi.org/10.1111/iwj.12933
Mitropoulos, A., Gumber, A., Crank, H., Akil, M., & Klonizakis, M. (2018). The effects of upper and lower limb exercise on the microvascular reactivity in limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis patients. ARTHRITIS RESEARCH & THERAPY, 20. http://doi.org/10.1186/513075-018-1605-0
Klonizakis, M., Tew, G., Gumber, A., Crank, H., King, B., Middleton, G., & Michaels, J.A. (2018). Supervised exercise training as an adjunct therapy for venous leg ulcers: a randomised controlled feasibility trial. British Journal Of Dermatology, 178 (5), 1072-1082. http://doi.org/10.1111/bjd.16089
Tew, G.A., Gumber, A., Mcintosh, E., Kesterton, S., King, B., Michaels, J.A., & Klonizakis, M. (2018). Effects of supervised exercise training on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous ulcers. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 118 (2), 321-329. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3772-0
Clark, M.D., Szczepura, A., Gumber, A., Howard, K., Moro, D., & Morton, R.L. (2018). Measuring trade-offs in nephrology : a systematic review of Discrete Choice Experiments and Conjoint Analysis studies. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 33 (2), 348-355. http://doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfw436
Gumber, A., & Gumber, L. (2017). Improving prevention, monitoring and management of diabetes among ethnic minorities: contextualizing the six G’s approach. BMC Research Notes, 10 (1), 774. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-3104-9
Mitropoulos, A., Gumber, A., Crank, H., & Klonizakis, M. (2017). Validation of an arm crank ergometer test for use in sedentary adults. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 16, 558-564. http://www.jssm.org/abstresearchajssm-16-558.xml.xml
Gumber, A. (2017). Proceedings of Patient Reported Outcome Measure’s (PROMs) Conference Oxford 2017: Advances in Patient Reported Outcomes Research. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 15 (S1), A33. http://doi.org/10.1186/s12955-017-0757-y
Orbell, S., Szczepura, A., Weller, D., Gumber, A., & Hagger, M.S. (2017). South Asian Ethnicity, Socioeconomic Status, and Psychological Mediators of Faecal Occult Blood Colorectal Screening Participation: A Prospective Test of a Process Model. Health Psychology, 36. http://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000525
Klonizakis, M., Crank, H., Gumber, A., & Brose, L.S. (2017). Smokers making a quit attempt using e-cigarettes with or without nicotine or prescription nicotine replacement therapy : impact on cardiovascular function (ISME-NRT) - a study protocol. BMC public health, 17 (1). http://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-017-4206-y
Tew, G.A., Michaels, J., Crank, H., Middleton, G., Gumber, A., & Klonizakis, M. (2015). Supervised exercise training as an adjunctive therapy for venous leg ulcers: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 16 (1). http://doi.org/10.1186/s13063-015-0963-z
Thongchundee, O., Gumber, A., Khatab, K., & Gumber, L. (2015). Efficacy and cost of atypical antipsychotics in treatment and management of dementia. SM Journal of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, 1 (1). http://smjournals.com/neurological-disorders-stroke/fulltext/smjnds-v1-1002.pdf
Alreni, A.S.E., Harrop, D., Gumber, A., & Mclean, S. (2015). Measures of upper limb function for people with neck pain: A systematic review of measurement and practical properties (protocol). Systematic Reviews, 4, 43. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13643-015-0034-2
Khatab, K., Felten, M.K., Kandala, N.B., Ghilagaber, G., Gumber, A., & Kraus, T. (2014). Risk factors associated with asbestos-related diseases: results of the asbestos surveillance programme Aachen. European Medical Journal: respiratory, 1. http://emjreviews.com/
Jhita, T., Petrou, S., Gumber, A., Szczepura, A., Raymond, N.T., & Bellary, S. (2014). Ethnic differences in health related quality of life for patients with type 2 diabetes. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 12 (1), 83. http://doi.org/10.1186/1477-7525-12-83
Clark, M.D., Higgins, R., Gumber, A., Moro, D., Leech, D., Szczepura, A., ... West, N. (2013). 'A Better Way to Measure Choices' Discrete Choice Experiment and Conjoint Analysis Studies in Nephrology: A Literature Review. EMJ Nephrology, 1, 52-59. http://www.emjreviews.com/articles/nephrology/
Iqbal, G., Johnson, M.R.D., Szczepura, A., Wilson, S., Gumber, A., & Dunn, J.A. (2012). UK Ethnicity data collection for healthcare statistics: The South Asian perspective. BMC Public Health, 12 (243). http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-12-243
Iqbal, G., Johnson, M.R.D., Szczepura, A., Gumber, A., Wilson, S., & Dunn, J.A. (2012). Ethnicity data collection in the UK: the healthcare professional's perspective. Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, 9 (4), 281-290.
Clark, M.D., Leech, D., Gumber, A., Moro, D., Szczepura, A., West, N., & Higgins, R. (2012). Who should be prioritized for renal transplantation?: Analysis of key stakeholder preferences using discrete choice experiments. BMC Nephrology, 13 (152). http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2369-13-152
Gumber, A., Dhak, B., & Lalitha, N. (2012). Declining free healthcare and rising treatment costs in India: an analysis of national sample surveys 1986-2004. Journal of Health Management, 14 (2), 97-116. http://doi.org/10.1177/097206341201400202
Raymond, N.T., O'Hare, J.P., Bellary, S., Kumar, S., Jones, A., Barnett, A.H., & Grp, U.K.A.D.S.S. (2011). Comparative risk of microalbuminuria and proteinuria in UK residents of south Asian and white European ethnic background with type 2 diabetes: a report from UKADS. CURRENT MEDICAL RESEARCH AND OPINION, 27, 47-55. http://doi.org/10.1185/03007995.2011.614937
Price, C.L., Szczepura, A.K., Gumber, A.K., & Patnick, J. (2010). Comparison of breast and bowel cancer screening uptake patterns in a common cohort of South Asian women in England. BMC Health Services Research, 10 (1), 103. http://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-10-103
Techer, L., Campbell, C., Weller, D., Orbell, S., Szczepura, A., & Gumber, A. (2009). British psycho-social oncology society 2008 conference abstractsStrategies to improve uptake of colorectal cancer screening in South Asian and lower income groups- a qualitative study. Psycho-Oncology, 18 (3), 307-330. http://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1549
Iqbal, G., Gumber, A., Johnson, M.R.D., Szczepura, A., Wilson, S., & Dunn, J.A. (2009). Improving ethnicity data collection for health statistics in the UK. Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, 6 (4), 267-285. http://diversityhealthcare.imedpub.com/improving-ethnicity-data-collection-for-health-statistics-in-the-uk.php?aid=2045
Clark, M.D., Gumber, A., Leech, D., Moro, D., Szczepura, A.K., West, N., & Higgins, R.M. (2009). Prioritizing patients for renal transplantation?: Analysis of patient preferences for kidney allocation according to ethnicity and gender. Diversity and Equality in Health and Care, 6 (3), 181-191. http://www.radcliffe-oxford.com/journals/J18_Diversity_in_Health_and_Social_Care/default.htm
Raymond, N.T., Varadhan, L., Reynold, D.R., Bush, K., Sankaranarayanan, S., Bellary, S., ... Retinopath, U.K.A.D.S. (2009). Higher Prevalence of Retinopathy in Diabetic Patients of South Asian Ethnicity Compared With White Europeans in the Community A cross-sectional study. DIABETES CARE, 32 (3), 410-415. http://doi.org/10.2337/dc08-1422
Szczepura, A., Price, C., & Gumber, A. (2008). Breast and bowel cancer screening uptake patterns over 15 years for UK south Asian ethnic minority populations, corrected for differences in socio-demographic characteristics. BMC public health, 8, 346. http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-8-346
Bellary, S., O'Hare, J.P., Raymond, N.T., Gumber, A., Mughal, S., Szczepura, A., ... Barnett, A.H. (2008). Enhanced diabetes care to patients of south Asian ethnic origin (the United Kingdom Asian Diabetes Study): a cluster randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 371 (9626), 1769-76. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(08)60764-3
Lamb, S.E., Gates, S., Underwood, M.R., Cooke, M.W., Ashby, D., Szczepura, A., ... Gumber, A. (2007). Managing Injuries of the Neck Trial (MINT): design of a randomised controlled trial of treatments for whiplash associated disorders. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 8 (1), 7. http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2474-8-7
Gumber, A. (2001). Extending health insurance to the poor: Some experiences from SEWA scheme. Health and Population: Perspectives and Issues, 24 (1), 1-14.
Gumber, A. (2000). Correlates of unemployment among rural youth in India: An inter-state analysis. Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 43 (4 CONFERENCE ISSUE), 657-672.
Gumber, A. (2000). Health care burden on households in the informal sector: Implications for social security assistance. Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 43 (2), 277-291.
Shariff, A., & Gumber, A. (1999). Employment and wages in India: Pre and post reform scenario. Indian Journal of Labour Economics, 42 (2), 195-216.
Gumber, A., & Berman, P. (1997). Measurement and pattern of morbidity and the utilization of health services: some emerging issues from recent health interview surveys in India. Journal of health & population in developing countries, 1 (1), 16-43.
Mitropoulos, A.M., Gumber, A., Crank, H., Akil, M., & Klonizakis, M. (2018). THE EFFECTS OF UPPER AND LOWER LIMB EXERCISE ON THE MICROVASCULAR REACTIVITY IN SYSTEMIC SCLEROSIS PATIENTS. ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES, 77, 1788. http://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2018-eular.1979
Gumber, A., & Owen, D. (2017). Determinants of Personal Wellbeing across Ethnic Groups in the UK : accounting for demographic, socioeconomic, health and contextual factors. In Personal wellbeing data user event: Showcasing data and research, Brettenham House, London, 29 March 2017.
Gumber, A., & Owen, D. (2014). Ethnicity, Neighbourhood Deprivation and Quality of Life:An exploratory analysis of Annual Population Survey data. In Labour Force Survey/Annual Population Survey User Conference 2014, Organised by UK Data Service, London, 28 November 2014. https://www.ukdataservice.ac.uk/media/455311/gumberowen.pdf
Caldon, L., Walsh, K., Collins, K., Sivell, S., Edwards, A.G., Elwyn, G., & Reed, M. (2009). New technologies to support the decisions of women facing surgical choices for breast cancer: the reactions and concerns of health professionals. Psycho-Oncology, 18 (3), 320. http://doi.org/10.1002/pon.1549
Gill, P.S., Jhutti-Johal, J., & Gumber, A. (2004). Ethnic and Cultural Diversity. In Genetic Disorders of the Indian Subcontinent. (pp. 29-55). Springer Netherlands: http://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-2231-9_2
Gumber, A., Lalitha, N., & Dhak, B. (2017). Rising healthcare costs and universal health coverage in India: an analysis of national sample surveys, 1986-2014. India: Gujarat Institute of Development Research, Ahmedabad, India. http://gidr.ac.in/pdf/wp-246-2579.pdf
Gumber, A., Thongchundee, O., Harrop, D., & Ramaswamy, B. (2016). Parkinson's impact on quality of life and cost of care on people with condition and their families in the UK:A review of literature*. Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University.
Gumber, A., Szczepura, A., Kumar, S., & Wang, S. (2008). Obesity and sickness absence : differentials by age, ethnicity and occupation groups and influence on career progression. University of Warwick for the Department for Work and Pensions.
Iqbal, G., Gumber, A., Szczepura, A., Johnson, M., Wilson, S., & Dunn, J. (2007). Improving ethnic data collection for statistics of cancer incidence, management, mortality and survival in the UK. University of Warwick for Cancer Research UK.
Gumber, A., Ramaswamy, B., Ibbotson, R., Ismail, M., Thongchundee, O., Harrop, D., ... Rauf, A. (n.d.). Economic, Social and Financial Cost of Parkinson's on Individuals, Carers and their Families in the UK. Centre for Health and Social Care Research, Sheffield Hallam University. https://www.shu.ac.uk/research/specialisms/centre-for-health-and-social-care-research/reports/economic-social-and-financial-cost-of-parkinsons-on-individuals-carers-and-their-families
Thousands of people affected by Parkinson’s are struggling with financial losses of more than £16,000 every year, according to new research published today by Sheffield Hallam University and charity Parkinson’s UK.
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