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Professor Charmaine Childs PhD

Professor of Clinical Science


Summary

My clinical research interest is in the field of human trauma. I have a significant track record in the field of systemic injury (burns) and neurological (brain) damage. My current research focus is on the development and implementation of novel, non-invasive clinical and imaging biomarkers as a forewarning of clinical deterioration originating from injuries which lead to wounds both ‘’inside’’ and ‘’outside’’ the body.

About

After qualifying, care of burned children inspired my research interests. I received National/International recognition winning a number of scientific prizes in paediatric trauma. Later, as an MRC scientist, I led the metabolic research programme on childhood burn trauma. Building a bespoke calorimeter to measure energy expenditure, our ‘metabolic-cart’ became the prototype for later commercial systems. 

By 2000, injured brain became my research focus. Pioneering new, implantable, brain sensors, the objective was to forge new ways to reduce secondary brain damage. Results were controversial; challenging existing dogma, specifically on brain temperature. 

In 2009, invited to the National University of Singapore, I explored new invasive and non-invasive imaging modalities for sepsis, brain-injury diagnosis and wound infection. Now back in the UK, my research programme combines my interests of non-invasive imaging diagnosis in trauma; the injured body (with a focus on surgical site infection) and, as we enter an era of brain injury awareness, the injured brain; specifically concussion in sport.

Within the Health and Social Care Research, I lead the Clinical and Imaging Biomarkers of Health and Disease (CIBoHD) theme.

Research Interests: TRAUMA and SURGERY

  • Surgical site infection 
  • Severe traumatic brain injury and neurocritical care
  • Concussion in sports
  • Human thermoregulation: fever and brain cooling
  • Prognostic performance of serum biomarkers
  • Sepsis

IMAGING
Advanced, invasive multiparameter neuromonitoring (temperature, pressure and oxygen content)

Non-invasive Imaging

  • Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HMRS) and imaging (1HMRSI)
  • Non-invasive infra-red thermal imaging
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and retinal imaging.

Teaching

Department of Nursing and Midwifery

Health And Wellbeing

Publications

Key Publications

Childs, C., Sandy-Hodgetts, K., Broad, C., Cooper, R., Manresa, M., & Verdú-Soriano, J. (2020). Birth-related wounds. Journal of Wound Care, 29, 1-48.

Journal articles

Childs, C., & Soltani, H. (2020). Abdominal cutaneous thermography and perfusion mapping after caesarean section: A scoping review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17 (22).

Childs, C., Elliott, J., Khatab, K., Hampshaw, S., Fowler-Davis, S., Willmott, J.R., & Ali, A. (2020). Thermal Sensation in Older People with and without Dementia Living in Residential Care: New Assessment Approaches to Thermal Comfort Using Infrared Thermography. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health — Open Access Journal, 17 (18), e6932. http://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186932

Saednia, K., Tabbarah, S., Lagree, A., Wu, T., Klein, J., Garcia, E., ... Tran, W. (2020). Thermoradiomic Markers of Radiation-Induces Skin Toxicity: Updated Results of a Phase II Study. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 51 (3), S3. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir.2020.07.012

Childs, C., Elliott, J., Khatab, K., Hampshaw, S., Fowler-Davis, S., Willmott, J., & Ali, A. (2020). Thermal Sensation in Older People, with and without Dementia, Living in Residential Care: New Assessment Approaches Using Infrared Thermography. . http://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202008.0337.v1

Saednia, K., Tabbarah, S., Lagree, A., Wu, T., Klein, J., Garcia, E., ... Tran, W. (2020). Quantitative thermal imaging biomarkers to detect acute skin toxicity from breast radiation therapy using supervised machine learning. International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics, 106 (5), 1071-1083. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.12.032

Siah, C.J., Childs, C., Chia, C.K., & Cheng, K.-.F.K. (2019). An observational study of temperature and thermal images of surgical wounds for detecting delayed wound healing within four days after surgery. Journal of clinical nursing, 28 (11-12), 2285-2295. http://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14832

Cleary, M., Raeburn, T., West, S., & Childs, C. (2019). The environmental temperature of the residential care home: role in thermal comfort and mental health? Contemporary nurse. http://doi.org/10.1080/10376178.2019.1583068

Childs, C., Wright, N., Willmott, J., Davies, M., Kilner, K., Ousey, K., ... Stephenson, J. (2019). The surgical wound in infrared: thermographic profiles and early stage test-accuracy to predict surgical site infection in obese women during the first 30 days after caesarean section. Antimicrobial resistance and infection control, 8 (7). http://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-018-0461-7

Childs, C., Barker, L.A., Gage, A.M.D., & Loosemore, M. (2018). Investigating possible retinal biomarkers ofhead trauma in Olympic boxers using opticalcoherence tomography. Eye and Brain, 10, 101-110. http://doi.org/10.2147/EB.S183042

Marshall, M., Deo, R., Childs, C., & Ali, A. (2018). Feasibility and Variability of Automated Pupillometry Among Stroke Patients and Healthy Participants: Potential Implications for Clinical Practice. The Journal of neuroscience nursing, 1. http://doi.org/10.1097/JNN.0000000000000416

Kornhaber, R., Childs, C., & Cleary, M. (2018). Experiences of guilt, shame and blame in those affected by burns trauma : a qualitative systematic review. Burns, 44 (5), 1026-1039. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2017.11.012

Tran, W.T., Childs, C., Probst, H., Farhat, G., & Czarnota, G.J. (2018). Imaging Biomarkers for Precision Medicine in Locally Advanced Breast Cancer. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 49 (4), 342-351. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmir.2017.09.006

Tran, W.T., Gangeh, M.J., Sannachi, L., Chin, L., Watkins, E., Bruni, S.G., ... Czarnota, G.J. (2017). Predicting Breast Cancer Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Using Pretreatment Diffuse Optical Spectroscopic-Texture Analysis. British journal of cancer, 116 (10), 1329-1339. http://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2017.97

Childs, C., Siraj, M.R., Fair, F., Selvan, A., Soltani, H., Wilmott, J., & Farrell, R. (2016). Thermal territories of the abdomen after Caesarean Section birth : infrared thermography and analysis. Journal of wound care, 25 (9), 499-512. http://doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2016.25.9.499

Tran, W.T., Childs, C., Chin, L., Slodkowska, E., Sannachi, L., Tadayyon, H., ... Czarnota, G.J. (2016). Multiparametric monitoring of chemotherapy treatment response in locally advanced breast cancer using quantitative ultrasound and diffuse optical spectroscopy. Oncotarget, 7 (15), 19762-19780. http://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.7844

Siah, C.J.R., & Childs, C. (2015). Thermographic mapping of the abdomen in healthy subjects and patients after enterostoma. Journal of wound care, 24 (3), 112-120. http://doi.org/10.12968/jowc.2015.24.3.112

Childs, C., & Shen, L. (2015). Regional pressure and temperature differences across the injured human brain : comparisons between intraparenchymal and ventricular measurements. Critical Care, 19 (1), 267. http://doi.org/10.1186/s13054-015-0982-x

Lim, S.-.F., Ong, S.Y., Tan, Y.L., Ng, Y.S., Chan, Y.H., & Childs, C. (2015). Incidence and predictors of new-onset constipation during acute hospitalisation after stroke. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 69 (4), 422-428. http://doi.org/10.1111/ijcp.12528

Martínez-Morillo, E., Childs, C., García, B.P., Álvarez Menéndez, F.V., Romaschin, A.D., Cervellin, G., ... Diamandis, E.P. (2015). Neurofilament medium polypeptide (NFM) protein concentration is increased in CSF and serum samples from patients with brain injury. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 53 (10), 1575-1584. http://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2014-0908

Childs, C., Wang, L., Neoh, B.K., Goh, H.L., Zu, M.M., Aung, P.W., & Yeo, T.T. (2014). Multi-parameter brain tissue microsensor and interface systems : calibration, reliability and user experiences of pressure and temperature sensors in the setting of neurointensive care. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, 38 (7), 339-350. http://doi.org/10.3109/03091902.2014.937834

Lesko, M.M., O’Brien, S.J., Childs, C., Bouamra, O., Rainey, T., & Lecky, F. (2014). Comparison of several prognostic tools in traumatic brain injury including S100B. Brain Injury, 28 (7), 987-994. http://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2014.890743

Yeeles, H., Trinick, S., Childs, C., Soltani, H., & Farrell, T. (2014). Postpartum infection in morbidly obese women after caesarean section : does early prophylactic oral antibiotic use make a difference? Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 4 (9), 547-549. http://doi.org/10.4236/ojog.2014.49077

Childs, C., Ong, Y.T., Zu, M.M., Aung, P.W., Cheung, C.Y., & Kuan, W.S. (2014). Retinal imaging: a first report of the retinal microvasculature in acute mild traumatic brain injury. European Journal of Emergency Medicine, 21 (5), 388-389. http://doi.org/10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000169

Mattar, I., Chan, M.F., & Childs, C. (2013). Risk factors for acute delirium in critically ill adult patients: a systematic review. ISRN Critical Care, 2013. http://doi.org/10.5402/2013/910125

Childs, C., Liu, K., Vail, A., & Pan, J. (2013). Time-dependent relationships between human brain and body temperature after severe traumatic brain injury. International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research, 2 (1), 14-22. http://doi.org/10.6000/1929-6029.2013.02.01.02

Lesko, M.M., Jenks, T., Perel, P., O'Brien, S., Childs, C., Bouamra, O., & Lecky, F. (2013). Models of mortality probability in severe traumatic brain injury : results of the modelling by the UK Trauma Registry. Journal of Neurotrauma, 30 (24), 2021-2030. http://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2013.2988

Childs, C., Martínez-Morillo, E., Wai, A.P., Zu, M.M., Diamandis, A., & Diamandis, E.P. (2013). Exploring the relationship between serum biomarkers, acute intracerebral changes and outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 51 (9), e195-e197. http://doi.org/10.1515/cclm-2013-0216

Lim, S.F., & Childs, C. (2013). A systematic review of the effectiveness of bowel management strategies for constipation in adults with stroke. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 50 (7), 1004-1010. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2012.12.002

Childs, C., & Lunn, K. (2013). Clinical review : brain-body temperature differences in adults with severe traumatic brain injury. Critical Care, 17 (2), 222. http://doi.org/10.1186/cc11892

Vescovo, E., Levick, A., Childs, C., Machin, G., Zhao, S., & Williams, S.R. (2013). High-precision calibration of MRS thermometry using validated temperature standards: effects of ionic strength and protein content on the calibration. NMR in Biomedicine, 26 (2), 213-223. http://doi.org/10.1002/nbm.2840

Lim, D.A.F.N., Chan, M., & Childs, C. (2013). Surrogate consent for critical care research: exploratory study on public perception and influences on recruitment. Critical Care, 17 (1), R5. http://doi.org/10.1186/cc11927

Lesko, M.M., Jenks, T., O'Brien, S.J., Childs, C., Bouamra, O., Woodford, M., & Lecky, F. (2013). Comparing model performance for survival prediction using total Glasgow Coma Scale and its components in traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 30 (1), 17-22. http://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2012.2438

Childs, C., Zu, M.M., Wai, A.P., Tsai, Y.T., Wu, S., & Li, W. (2012). Infra-red thermal imaging of the inner canthus : correlates with the temperature of the injured human brain. Engineering, 4 (10B), 53-56. http://doi.org/10.4236/eng.2012.410B014

Childs, C., Wai, A.P., Zu, M.M., Nga, V.D.W., Sun, I.S., Kejia, T., ... Yeo, T.T. (2012). Mapping the incidence of focal tissue hypoxia after decompressive craniectomy. Brain Injury, 26 (9), 1163. http://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2012.696431

Siah, C.J., & Childs, C. (2012). A systematic review of the ASEPSIS scoring system used in non-cardiac-related surgery. Journal of wound care, 21 (3), 124, 126-30.

Childs, C., Ng, A.L.C., Liu, K., & Pan, J. (2011). Exploring the sources of ‘missingness’ in brain tissue monitoring datasets: an observational cohort study. Brain Injury, 25 (12), 1163-1169. http://doi.org/10.3109/02699052.2011.607791

Lesko, M.M., Rainey, T., Childs, C., Bouamra, O., O’Brien, S., & Lecky, F. (2010). Comparing the prognostic performance of S100B with prognostic models in traumatic brain injury. Injury Extra, 41 (12), 156-157. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2010.07.472

Sacho, R.H., Vail, A., Rainey, T., King, A.T., & Childs, C. (2010). The effect of spontaneous alterations in brain temperature on outcome: a prospective observational cohort study in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Journal of Neurotrauma, 27 (12), 2157-2164. http://doi.org/10.1089/neu.2010.1384

Childs, C., Wieloch, T., Lecky, F., Machin, G., Harris, B., & Stocchetti, N. (2010). Report of a consensus meeting on human brain temperature after severe traumatic brain injury : its measurement and management during pyrexia. Frontiers in Neurology, 1 (146). http://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2010.00146

Childs, C. (2010). Knowledge transfer and the path of translational medicine. Nursing And Health Sciences, 12 (3), 284-286. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1442-2018.2010.00546.x

Lesko, M.M., Woodford, M., White, L., O'Brien, S.J., Childs, C., & Lecky, F.E. (2010). Using Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) codes to classify Computed Tomography (CT) features in the Marshall System. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 10 (1), 72. http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-10-72

Machin, G., & Childs, C. (2010). A systematic performance evaluation of brain and body temperature sensors using ultra-stable temperature references. Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology, 34 (3), 192-199. http://doi.org/10.3109/03091900903509156

Childs, C. (2009). Evidence-based medicine in BURNS revisited — The need for the CONSORT criteria. Burns, 35 (1), 158. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2008.05.025

Childs, C., & Machin, G. (2009). Reliability issues in human brain temperature measurement. Critical Care, 13 (4), R106. http://doi.org/10.1186/cc7943

Childs, C., Sacho, R.H., & King, A.T. (2009). Brain hyperthermia after traumatic brain injury does not reduce brain oxygen. Neurosurgery, 64 (6), E1206. http://doi.org/10.1227/01.NEU.0000346232.65178.C7

Kirk, D., Rainey, T., Vail, A., & Childs, C. (2009). Infra-red thermometry: the reliability of tympanic and temporal artery readings for predicting brain temperature after severe traumatic brain injury. Critical Care, 13 (3), R81. http://doi.org/10.1186/cc7898

Rainey, T., Lesko, M., Sacho, R., Lecky, F., & Childs, C. (2009). Predicting outcome after severe traumatic brain injury using the serum S100B biomarker: Results using a single (24h) time-point. Resuscitation, 80 (3), 341-345. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2008.11.021

Childs, C. (2008). Human brain temperature: regulation, measurement and relationship with cerebral trauma : Part 1. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 22 (4), 486-496. http://doi.org/10.1080/02688690802245541

Sacho, R.H., & Childs, C. (2008). The significance of altered temperature after traumatic brain injury : an analysis of investigations in experimental and human studies : Part 2. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 22 (4), 497-507. http://doi.org/10.1080/02688690802245558

Childs, C., Jones, A.K.P., & Tyrrell, P.J. (2008). Long-term temperature-related morbidity after brain damage: survivor-reported experiences. Brain Injury, 22 (7-8), 603-609. http://doi.org/10.1080/02699050802189719

Kauppinen, R.A., Vidyasagar, R., Childs, C., Balanos, G.M., & Hiltunen, Y. (2008). Assessment of human brain temperature by 1H MRS during visual stimulation and hypercapnia. NMR in Biomedicine, 21 (4), 388-395. http://doi.org/10.1002/nbm.1204

Khojasteh, V.J., Edwards-Jones, V., Childs, C., & Foster, H.A. (2007). Prevalence of toxin producing strains of Staphylococcus aureus in a pediatric burns unit. Burns, 33 (3), 334-340. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.burns.2006.07.009

Leach, P., Childs, C., Evans, J., Johnston, N., Protheroe, R., & King, A. (2007). Transfer times for patients with extradural and subdural haematomas to neurosurgery in Greater Manchester. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 21 (1), 11-15. http://doi.org/10.1080/02688690701210562

Childs, C., Hiltunen, Y., Vidyasagar, R., & Kauppinen, R.A. (2007). Determination of regional brain temperature using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy to assess brain–body temperature differences in healthy human subjects. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 57 (1), 59-66. http://doi.org/10.1002/mrm.21100

Childs, C., Vail, A., Leach, P., Rainey, T., Protheroe, R., & King, A. (2006). Brain temperature and outcome after severe traumatic brain injury. Neurocritical Care, 5 (1), 10-14. http://doi.org/10.1385/NCC:5:1:10

Johnston, N.J., King, A.T., Protheroe, R., & Childs, C. (2006). Body temperature management after severe traumatic brain injury: methods and protocols used in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Resuscitation, 70 (2), 254-262. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.02.010

Childs, C., Vail, A., Protheroe, R., King, A.T., & Dark, P.M. (2005). Differences between brain and rectal temperatures during routine critical care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Anaesthesia, 60 (8), 759-765. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.2005.04193.x

Soop, M., Duxbury, H., Agwunobi, A.O., Gibson, J.M., Hopkins, S.J., Childs, C., ... Carlson, G.L. (2002). Euglycemic hyperinsulinemia augments the cytokine and endocrine responses to endotoxin in humans. American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism, 282 (6), E1276-85. http://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.00535.2001

Childs, C., Renshaw, A., Dunn, K.W., & Davenport, P.J. (2001). The acute febrile response to burn injury in children may be modified by the type of intravenous fluid used during resuscitation — observations using fresh frozen plasma (FFP) or Hartmann's solution. Burns, 27 (4), 386-388. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4179(00)00120-0

Renshaw, A., & Childs, C. (2000). The significance of peripheral skin temperature measurement during the acute phase of burn injury : an illustrative case report. Burns, 26 (8), 750-753. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4179(00)00047-4

Edwards-Jones, V., Dawson, M.M., & Childs, C. (2000). A survey into toxic shock syndrome (TSS) in UK burns units. Burns, 26 (4), 323-333. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4179(99)00142-4

Childs, C., Harrison, R., & Hodkinson, C. (1999). Tympanic membrane temperature as a measure of core temperature. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 80 (3), 262-266. http://doi.org/10.1136/adc.80.3.262

Childs, C., Goldring, S., Tann, W., & Hillier, V.F. (1998). Suprasternal Doppler ultrasound for assessment of stroke distance. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 79 (3), 251-255. http://doi.org/10.1136/adc.79.3.251

Childs, C. (1998). Is there an evidence-based practice for burns? Burns, 24 (1), 29-33. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4179(97)00089-2

Childs, C. (1998). The European directory of Burns Research. Burns, 24 (1), 25-28. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4179(97)00088-0

Edwards-Jones, V., Childs, C., & Foster, H.A. (1996). A comparison of phenotypic properties of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from burned children and other patient groups. Burns, 22 (5), 384-9. http://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(95)00175-1

Wright, I.P., Griffiths, M., & Childs, C. (1995). A microprocessor based photoplethysmograph for use in clinical practice. Anaesthesia, 50 (10), 875-878. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.1995.tb05855.x

Jenney, M.E., Childs, C., Mabin, D., Beswick, M.V., & David, T.J. (1995). Oxygen consumption during sleep in atopic dermatitis. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 72 (2), 144-146. doi:10.1136/adc.72.2.144

Childs, C., Edwards-Jones, V., Heathcote, D.M., Dawson, M., & Davenport, P.J. (1994). Patterns of Staphylococcus aureus colonization, toxin production, immunity and illness in burned children. Burns, 20 (6), 514-521. http://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(94)90011-6

Childs, C. (1994). Studies in children provide a model to re-examine the metabolic response to burn injury in patients treated by contemporary burn protocols. Burns, 20 (4), 291-300. http://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(94)90055-8

Childs, C., & Little, R.A. (1994). Acute changes in oxygen consumption and body temperature after burn injury. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 71 (1), 31-4. http://doi.org/10.1136/adc.71.1.31

Childs, C. (1993). Metabolic rate at rest and during sleep in a thermoneutral environment. Archives of disease in childhood, 68 (5), 658-661. http://doi.org/10.1136/adc.68.5.658

Childs, C., Stoner, H.B., & Little, R.A. (1992). Cutaneous heat loss shortly after burn injury in children. Clinical science (London, England : 1979), 83 (1), 117-126. http://doi.org/10.1042/cs0830117

McGuinness, K., & Childs, C. (1991). Development of an indirect calorimeter for use in infants and young children. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement, 12 (4), 343-351. http://doi.org/10.1088/0143-0815/12/4/004

Childs, C., Hall, T., Davenport, P.J., & Little, R.A. (1990). Dietary intake and changes in body weight in burned children. Burns, 16 (6), 418-422. http://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(90)90069-9

Childs, C., Heath, D.F., Little, R.A., & Brotherston, M. (1990). Glucose metabolism in children during the first day after burn injury. Archives of emergency medicine, 7 (3), 135-147. http://doi.org/10.1136/emj.7.3.135

Bianchi, A., Bruce, J., Cooper, A.L., Childs, C., Kohli, M., Morris, I.D., ... Rothwell, N.J. (1989). Increased brown adipose tissue activity in children with malignant disease. Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme, 21 (11), 640-641. http://doi.org/10.1055/s-2007-1009308

Childs, C., & Little, R.A. (1988). Acetaminophen (paracetamol) in the management of burned children with fever. Burns, 14 (5), 343-348. http://doi.org/10.1016/0305-4179(88)90001-0

Childs, C. (1988). Fever in burned children. Burns, 14 (1), 1-6. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-4179(98)90033-X

Childs, C. (1982). The management of clinical specialities. 9. A regional paediatric burns unit. Nursing focus, 4 (4), 6-7.

Conference papers

Marshall, M., Deo, R., Childs, C., & Ali, A. (2018). Use of an automated pupillometer after acute stroke. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF STROKE, 13, 49.

Childs, C., Gwilt, A., Sherriff, G., & Homer, C. Old and Cold: Challenges in the Design of PersonalisedThermal Comfort at Home. In Christer, K. (Ed.) Design 4 health: Proceedings of the 3rd European Conference on Design4Health, (pp. 1-9). Sheffield: Sheffield Hallam University

Book chapters

Childs, C. (2018). Body temperature and clinical thermometry. (pp. 467-482). Elsevier: http://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-444-64074-1.00029-X

Selvan, A., & Childs, C. (2017). Infrared Thermal Mapping, Analysis and Interpretation in Biomedicine. In Ng, E.Y.K., & EtehadTavakol, M. (Eds.) Application of Infrared to Biomedical Sciences. (pp. 377-394). Springer: http://www.springer.com/gb/book/9789811031465

Selvan, A., & Childs, C. (2017). Infra-red thermal mapping, analysis and interpretation in biomedicine. In Ng, E.Y.K., & Etehad Tavakol, M. (Eds.) Application of Infrared to Biomedical Sciences. (pp. 377-394). Springer

Gwilt, A., Homer, C., Sherriff, G., & Childs, C. (2016). Community voices in design practice : a case study of understanding older adults’ clothing needs for keeping warm at home. In Futurescan 3 : Intersecting Identities. Creative and Print Services: http://www.ftc-online.org.uk/publications/conference/

Childs, C. (1998). The acute response to burn injury in children. In Injury in the Young. Cambridge University Press

Theses / Dissertations

Tran, W.T. (2018). Measuring Chemotherapy Response in Breast Cancer Using Optical and Ultrasound Spectroscopy. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Childs, C., Probst, H., & Czarnota, G.

Other publications

Cronin De Chavez, A., Childs, C., Kelly, S., Tod, A., & Burke, D. (2013). Hypothermia and the assessment of sick children. BMJ Publishing Group: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.f4220

Other activities

Recent Awards

2018 Shortlisted. Times Higher Education (THE) Research Project of the Year in STEM category

2018 Winner: Innovation in Surgical Site Infection
Journal of Wound Care, Banking Hall, London, March
Journal of Wound Care International Awards

2016 JWC Award winners announced: Professor Charmaine Childs has received second place in the category of Innovation in Wound Care at the recent World Union of Wound Healing Societies, held in Florence, September 2016. This prize was in recognition of Professor Child’s contribution from extending the boundaries of wound care practice to setting up new services that improve patient care, health-care professionals and researchers are developing innovative services in wound care. This award was open to individuals or teams who had demonstrated an innovative, novel approach to an existing challenge in wound care.

Further information can be found at the JWC Awards website.

Journal of Wound Care International Awards

First Prize - BEST CLINICAL RESEARCH AWARD
Banking Hall Award Ceremony, London.
March 2016
Journal of Wound Care International Awards
Third Prize- INNOVATION AWARD
Banking Hall Award Ceremony, London.

TRAM Fellowship:  Brain Injury Research

2008 - Director of Operations and Executive member, South-Yorkshire Institute for Innovation and Research in Childs Health (siirch)

Steering Committee:
South Yorkshire Neuro and Professional Practice Symposia  (SYNAPPS)

Peer Review
Invited Scientific Advisor: National Institute for Health Research UK:  Health Technology Assessment Programme, Quality Assurance Process
Invited Expert Grant Review: Medical Research Council (MRC)/Wellcome Trust Global Health Trials Scheme
Member,  Editorial Board: Scientifica
Member,  Editorial Board: Frontiers in Neurotrauma
Member,  Editorial Board: Nursing and Health Sciences
Editorial Board: Open Critical Care Medicine

Postgraduate supervision

Multiparametric monitoring of breast tumour response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy using quantitative ultrasound and diffuse optical imaging. Director of Studies

Role of retinal imaging as a biomarker for concussion and mild traumatic brain injury in contact sports.

Director of Studies

Biomarkers and prognostic value in predicting incidence of delirium in elderly ICU patients  

Primary Supervisor, National University of Singapore

Constipation in Patients with Stroke: Incidence, Associated Risk Factors and Management at a Tertiary Hospital in Singapore :

National University of Singapore, Primary Supervisor

Longitudinal Analysis of Physiological Data from Critically Ill Patients”.

University of Manchester, UK Co-supervisor

Emergency Medicine Training Fellow. Prognostic models of traumatic brain injury: Models of Mortality Probability in Severe Traumatic Brain Injury.

University of Manchester, UK Co-supervisor

Cerebral and Systemic Responses to Whole body cooling in patients with traumatic brain injury

University of Manchester UK, Primary supervisor

Brain temperature, inflammation and Outcome after Severe Traumatic Brain injury

University of Manchester, UK  Primary supervisor

Media

Charmaine is Professor of Clinical Science and is an expert in critical illness and human trauma, specifically paediatric burn injuries and traumatic brain injury in adults.

Professor Childs is undertaking innovative research in a number of fields, including using infra-red thermal imaging for wound assessment after surgery and retinal imaging after mild brain injury. Charmaine is also an executive member and director of operations for South Yorkshire Institute for Innovation and Research in Child Health.

Science

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