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Karam Al-Obaidi

Dr Karam Al-Obaidi BSAE, MSc, PhD

Senior Lecturer in Architecture


I am an architectural engineer and an international researcher in Sustainable Design and Environmental Architecture. 

I joined Sheffield Hallam University in September 2018 as a Senior Lecturer in Architecture. I teach on the Architecture and Architectural Technology courses. 

My research interests include Environmental and Biomimetic Architecture, Sustainable Building Technology, Building Performance, Energy Modelling and Simulation Tools.


I received my BSc Architectural Engineering in 2008, MSc Building Technology in 2011, and PhD Sustainable Architecture in 2015. Prior to joining Sheffield Hallam University, I worked and taught at top Asian universities in Malaysia. I was a Senior Lecturer and Head of Research Unit (Design and Sustainable Architecture) at University of Malaya (UM) in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 

I have led and participated in funded research projects with over £70,000. I have published widely on tropical architecture, many of my research articles were published in the world's top-ranked journals. My interdisciplinary research has helped to develop my work within different fields, including biology, physics and engineering. My latest book entitled “Climate Conscious Low-Energy Tropical Built Environment” summarises the strategies of environmental architecture in the tropical climate. 

I have delivered keynote/invited speeches at different local and international conferences. I am an associate editor, editorial board member, scientific/technical committee member and reviewer for many international journals and conferences. I have reviewed over 100 international papers for the world's top ranked journals include Applied Energy, Cleaner Production, Energy and Buildings, Automation in Construction, Indoor and Built Environment, Sustainable Cities and Society and Building Engineering. According to Publons, I am one of the top reviewers in architecture and the built environment.


Al-Obaidi, K.M., Al-Duais, H.S., Alduais, N.A.M., Alashwal, A., & Ismail, M.A. (2022). Exploring the environmental performance of liquid glass coating using Sol-Gel technology and responsive Venetian blinds in the tropics. Journal of Building Engineering, 62.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Hossain, M., Alduais, N.A.M., Al-Duais, H.S., Omrany, H., & Ghaffarianhoseini, A. (2022). A review of using IoT for energy efficient buildings and cities: a built environment perspective. Energies, 15 (16).

Al-Duais, H.S., Ismail, M.A., Awad, Z.A.M., & Al-Obaidi, K.M. (2022). Performance evaluation of solar-powered atmospheric water harvesting using different glazing materials in the tropical built environment: an experimental study. Energies, 15 (9).

Esparza-López, C.J., Escobar-del Pozo, C., Al-Obaidi, K., & González-Trevizo, M.E. (2022). Improving the thermal performance of indirect evaporative cooling by using a wet fabric device on a concrete roof in hot and humid climates. Energies, 15 (6).

Al-Duais, H.S., Ismail, M.A., Awad, Z.A.M., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2022). Methods of harvesting water from air for sustainable buildings in hot and tropical climates. Malaysian Construction Research Journal, 12 (1), 150-168.

García-Solórzano, L.A., Esparza-Lopez, C.J., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2020). Environmental design solutions for existing concrete flat roofs in low-cost housing to improve passive cooling in western Mexico. Journal of Cleaner Production.

Al-Masrani, S.M., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2019). Dynamic shading systems: A review of design parameters, platforms and evaluation strategies. Automation in construction, 102, 195-216.

Ghaffarianhoseini, A., Berardi, U., Ghaffarianhoseini, A., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2019). Analyzing the thermal comfort conditions of outdoor spaces in a university campus in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Science of the total environment.

Al-Masrani, S.M., Al-Obaidi, K., Zalin, N.A., & Aida Isma, M.I. (2018). Design optimisation of solar shading systems for tropical office buildings: Challenges and future trends. Solar Energy, 170, 849-872.

Wong, Y.C., Al-Obaidi, K.M., & Mahyuddin, N. (2018). Recycling of end-of-life vehicles (ELVs) for building products: Concept of processing framework from automotive to construction industries in Malaysia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 190, 285-302.

Kam, K.J., Lim, A.S.H., Al-Obaidi, K., & Lim, T.S. (2018). Evaluating Housing Needs and Preferences of Generation Y in Malaysia. Planning Practice and Research, 33 (2), 172-185.

C. Munaaim, M.A., Al-Obaidi, K., & Azizul Abd Rahim, M. (2017). Performance comparison of solar assisted and inverter air conditioning systems in Malaysia. Journal of Design and Built Environment, 17, 53-61.

Al-Obaidi, K., Azzam Ismail, M., Hussein, H., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2017). Biomimetic building skins: an adaptive approach. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 79, 1472-1491.

Al-Obaidi, K., Wei, S.L., Ismail, M.A., & Kam, K.J. (2017). Sustainable building assessment of colonial shophouses after adaptive reuse in Kuala Lumpur. Buildings, 7 (4), 87.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M.A., Munaaim, M.A.C., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2017). Designing an integrated daylighting system for deep-plan spaces in Malaysian low-rise buildings. Solar Energy, 149, 85-101.

Alashwal, A.M., Fareed, N.F., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2017). Determining success criteria and success factors for international construction projects for Malaysian contractors. Construction Economics and Building, 17 (2), 62-80.

Elsawahli, H., Shah Ali, A., Ahmad, F., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2017). Evaluating Potential Environmental Variables and Active Aging in Older Adults for Age-Friendly Neighborhoods in Malaysia. Journal of Housing for the Elderly, 31 (1), 74-92.

Al-Obaidi, K., Ismail, M.A., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2016). Effective use of hybrid turbine ventilator to improve thermal performance in Malaysian tropical houses. Building Services Engineering Research and Technology, 37 (6), 755-768.

Munaaim, M.A.C., Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M.R., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2016). Potential of fibre optic daylighting systems in tropical Malaysia. Indoor and Built Environment, 25 (3), 466-480.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2016). A comparative study between unvented and vented attics powered by the hybrid turbine ventilator in Malaysian houses. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 35 (2), 148-160.

Keumala, N., Younus, M.A., Kuan, Y., Razak, A.S.B.A., Ismail, M.A., & Al-Obaidi, K.M. (2016). Pedagogy of architectural education on Sustainability in Malaysia - Student perspective. Open House International, 41 (4), 104-108.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M.A., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2015). Assessing the allowable daylight illuminance from skylights in single-storey buildings in Malaysia: a review. International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development, 6 (4), 236-248.

Munaaim, M.A.C., Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M.R., & Rahman, A.M.A. (2015). The behavior of internal humidity from fibre optic daylighting system application. Jurnal Teknologi, 75 (9), 1-7.

Abbood, A.W., Al-Obaidi, K.M., Awang, H., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2015). Achieving energy efficiency through industrialized building system for residential buildings in Iraq. International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, 4 (1), 78-90.

Kassim, M.P.M., Al-Obaidi, K.M., Munaaim, M.A.C., & Salleh, A.M. (2015). Feasibility Study on Solar Power Plant Utility Grid under Malaysia Feed-in Tariff. American Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 8 (2), 210-222.

Al-Obaidi, K., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2014). Design and performance of a novel innovative roofing system for tropical landed houses. Energy Conversion and Management, 85, 488-504.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2014). Passive cooling techniques through reflective and radiative roofs in tropical houses in Southeast Asia: A literature review. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 3 (3), 283-297.

Munaaim, M.A.C., Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M.R., & Rahman, A.M.A. (2014). A review study on the application of the fibre optic daylighting system in Malaysian buildings. International Journal of Sustainable Building Technology and Urban Development, 5 (3), 146-158.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2014). A study of the impact of environmental loads that penetrate a passive skylight roofing system in Malaysian buildings. Frontiers of Architectural Research, 3 (2), 178-191.

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2014). A review of the potential of attic ventilation by passive and active turbine ventilators in tropical Malaysia. Sustainable Cities and Society, 10, 232-240.

Munaaim, M., Al-Obaidi, K., Ismail, M., & Rahman, A. (n.d.). Empirical Evaluation of the Effect of Heat Gain from Fiber Optic Daylighting System on Tropical Building Interiors. Sustainability, 6 (12), 9231-9243.

M. Al-Obaidi, K., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (n.d.). Investigation of Passive Design Techniques for Pitched Roof Systems in the Tropical Region. Modern Applied Science, 8 (3).

Al-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (n.d.). A Review of Skylight Glazing Materials in Architectural Designs for a Better Indoor Environment. Modern Applied Science, 8 (1).


Conference papers

Ismail, M.A., & Mustafa Al-Obaidi, K. (2019). Exploration in Using Algae to Enhance Indoor Environment in the Tropical Climate. 2019 2nd Asia Conference on Energy and Environment Engineering (ACEEE).

Ghaffarianhoseini, A., Berardi, U., Raahemifar, K., Ghaffarianhoseini, A., & Al-Obaidi, K. (2017). The Thermal Performance Exploration of Outdoor and Indoor Spaces Using IES & ENVI-me. Simulation Series, 11 (11), 273-280.

AI-Obaidi, K.M., Ismail, M., & Rahman, A.M.A. (2015). Energy efficient skylight design in tropical houses. Key Engineering Materials, 632, 45-56.

Rifa, R.T., Al-Obaidi, K.M., & Abdul Rahman, A.M. (2014). Improving Stack Effect in Hot Humid Building Interiors with Hybrid Turbine Ventilator(s). MATEC Web of Conferences, 17, 01012.

Book chapters

Al-Obaidi, K.M., & Rahman, A.M.A. (2016). Toplighting Systems for Improving Indoor Environment: A Review. In Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technologies for Building and Environmental Applications. (pp. 117-136). Springer International Publishing:

Theses / Dissertations

Sasi, O.A.Y. (2022). Holistic housing design to enhance health and wellbeing for libyan war wounded. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Spence, K., Al-Obaidi, K., & Freeman, E.

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