Dr Luo joined the consultancy team in 2007, and has delivered several hundreds of consultancy jobs, with experiences in the following areas
- characterisation of metallic alloys and ceramics, thin films and coatings, and chemical powders using SEM, TEM, XRD, EDX, and micro/macro hardness
- measurement of residual stresses of hard coatings and shot-peened surfaces by XRD
- investigation of engineering materials failures, including fatigue and fracture, metallurgical defects, wear and friction, and corrosion
- wear and friction properties of metals and ceramics using pin-on-disk tribometer, including high-temperature sliding wear
Dr Luo previously delivered teaching courses in several topics, including 'Physical Metallurgy of Engineering Materials', 'Dislocation Theory and Strengthening of Materials', 'Heat treatments of Tool Steels' and 'Tribology of PVD Hard Coatings'.
His research interests are in three broad areas
- nano-structured surface engineering to develop materials surfaces of high wear resistance, low friction, and good corrosion resistance
- novel heat treatment technologies of ultrahigh strength steels and wear resistant steels
- fundamental research on the wear and friction mechanisms of high-performance coatings and hardened surfaces
- materials technology for medical and surgical applications
His current research is focused in the following topics
- novel strengthening/toughening heat treatments of ultrahigh strength steels for large vehicles, being sponsored by Innovate UK and Tinsley Bridge Ltd through Smart Award, Knowledge Transfer Partnership, and PhD studentship
- failure investigation and development of telescopic rods of in Skeletally Immature Patients with Osteogenesis Imperfect, collaborating with Sheffield Children's Hospital and funded by Sheffield Children’s NHS Foundation Trust
- new bainitic/martensitic wear resistant steels for large metal-cutting blades, sponsored by Knowledge Transfer Partnership (Innovate UK and Tyzack Metal Knives)
- wear resistance and corrosion properties of plasma nitrided austenitic steel, collaborated with Miba Coatings Group, funded overseas (Nigerian) studentship
- nanocomposite PVD coatings of superhardness and self-adaptive low friction, collaborated with Guangdong University of Technology and Ningbo Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences
- innovation in materials characterization techniques, eg cross-sectional TEM and EDX-EELS analyses of hard coatings and surfaces, high-precision XRD residual stress analysis and a new XRD technique to measure the martensite fraction and carbon content of hardened medium-carbon steels
He has wide collaborations with UK industry and with academics worldwide, recently with Miba Coatings Group, Tinsley Bridge Ltd, and Tyzack Metal Knives, and scientists in University of Southampton, Pusan University (Korea), Henan University of Science and Technology (China), Inner Mongolia University of Science and Technology (China), Guangdong University of Technology (China), and Ningbo Institute of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
Mei, H., Ding, J.C., Xiao, X., Luo, Q., Wang, R., Zhang, Q., ... Wang, Q. (2020). Influence of pulse frequency on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Ti-V-Cu-N coatings deposited by HIPIMS. Surface and Coatings Technology. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.126514
Mei, H., Geng, D., Wang, R., Cheng, L., Ding, J.C., Luo, Q., ... Wang, Q. (2020). Effect of Cu doping on the microstructure and mechanical properties of AlTiVN-Cu nanocomposite coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 126490. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.126490
Mei, H., Luo, Q., Huang, X., Ding, J.C., Zhang, T.F., & Wang, Q. (2018). Influence of lubricious oxides formation on the tribological behavior of Mo-V-Cu-N coatings deposited by HIPIMS. Surface and Coatings Technology, 358, 947-957. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2018.12.033
Luo, Q., Abbasi, E., & Owens, D. (2018). Microstructural Characteristics and Mechanical Properties of Low-Alloy, Medium-Carbon Steels After Multiple Tempering. Acta Metallurgica Sinica, 32 (1), 74-88. http://doi.org/10.1007/s40195-018-0805-6
Luo, Q. (2018). Electron Microscopy and Spectroscopy in the Analysis of Friction and Wear Mechanisms. Lubricants, 6 (58), 1-19. http://doi.org/10.3390/lubricants6030058
Abbasi, E., Luo, Q., & Owens, D. (2018). A comparison of microstructure and mechanical properties of low-alloy-medium-carbon steels after quench-hardening. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 725, 65-75. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2018.04.012
Luo, Q. (2018). Characterization of short-range ordered domains using quantitative X-ray diffraction. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters, 10 (5-6), 835-842. http://doi.org/10.1166/nnl.2018.2722
Abbasi, E., Luo, Q., & Owens, D. (2018). Case Study: Wear Mechanisms of NiCrVMo-steel and CrB-steel Scrap Shear Blades. Wear, 398-39, 29-40. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2017.11.014
Zheng, H., Zhou, H., Gui, B., Luo, Q., Li, H., & Wang, Q. (2017). Influence of power pulse parameters on the microstructure and properties of the AlCrN coatings by a modulated pulsed power magnetron sputtering. Coatings, 7 (12), 216. http://doi.org/10.3390/coatings7120216
Luo, Q., & Yang, S. (2017). Uncertainty of the X-ray Diffraction (XRD) sin2 ψ Technique in Measuring Residual Stresses of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Hard Coatings. Coatings, 7 (8), 128-18. http://doi.org/10.3390/coatings7080128
Luo, Q., Kitchen, M., & Abubakri, S. (2017). Effect of austempering time on the microstructure and carbon partitioning of ultrahigh strength steel 56NiCrMoV7. Metals, 7 (7), 258. http://doi.org/10.3390/met7070258
Luo, Q., Oluwafemi, O., Kitchen, M., & Yang, S. (2016). Tribological properties and wear mechanisms of DC pulse plasma nitrided austenitic stainless steel in dry reciprocating sliding tests. Wear, 376. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2016.12.022
Yang, S., Kitchen, M., Luo, Q., Ievlev, D.N., & Cooke, K. (2016). Effect of nitriding time on the structural evolution and properties of austenitic stainless steel nitrided using high power pulsed DC glow discharge Ar/N2 plasma. Journal of Coatings Science and Technology, 3 (2), 62-72. http://www.lifescienceglobal.com/pms/index.php/jcst/article/view/4136
Luo, Q. (2016). A new XRD method to quantify plate and lath martensites of hardened medium-carbon steel. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 25 (6), 2170-2179. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-016-2053-0
Rourke, K., Ebrahim, M., Luo, Q., & Wilson, E.A. (2016). Hump on upper shelf of ductile-brittle transition temperature curve of a plain carbon steel. Materials Science and Technology, 27 (3), 693-695. http://doi.org/10.1179/026708310X12688283410208
Luo, Q., & Yang, S. (2015). From micro to nano scales -recent progressin the characterization of nitrided austeniticstainless steels. International Journal of Nanomedicine and Nanosurgery, 1 (1), 1-11. http://doi.org/10.16966/ijnn.101
Ma, C., Wang, S.C., Wood, R.J.K., Zekonyte, J., Luo, Q., & Walsh, F.C. (2013). Hardness of porous nanocrystalline Co-Ni electrodeposits. Metals and Materials International, 19 (6), 1187-1192. http://doi.org/10.1007/s12540-013-6006-y
Luo, Q., Wang, S.C., Zhou, Z., & Chen, L. (2011). Structure characterization and tribological study of magnetron sputtered nanocomposite nc-TiAlV(N, C)/a-C coatings. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 21, 9746-9756. http://doi.org/10.1039/c1jm10707k
Luo, Q. (2011). Temperature dependent friction and wear of magnetron sputtered coating TiAlN/VN. Wear, 271 (9-10), 2058-2066. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2011.01.054
Zhou, Z., Rainforth, W.M., Luo, Q., Hovsepian, P., Ojeda, J.J., & Romero-Gonzalez, M.E. (2010). Wear and friction of TiAlN/VN coatings against Al2O3 in airat room and elevated temperatures. Acta Materialia, 58, 2912-2925. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2010.01.020
Luo, Q. (2010). Origin of friction in running-in sliding wear of nitride coatings. Tribology Letters, 37, 529-539. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-009-9548-x
Luo, Q., & Jones, A.H. (2010). High-precision determination of residual stress of polycrystalline coatings using optimised XRD-sin2ψ technique. Surface & Coatings Technology, 205, 1403-1408. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2010.07.108
Luo, Q., Zhou, Z., Rainforth, W.M., & Bolton, M. (2009). Effect of tribofilm formation on the dry sliding friction and wear properties of magnetron sputtered TiAlCrYN coatings. Tribology Letters, 34, 113-124. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-009-9415-9
Savisalo, T., Lewis, D.B., Luo, Q., Bolton, M., & Hovsepian, P.E. (2007). Structure of duplex CrN/NbN coatings and their performance against corrosion and wear. Surface and Coatings Technology, 202 (9), 1661-1667. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2007.07.024
Luo, Q., Schimpf, C., Ehiasarian, A.P., Chen, L., & Hovsepian, P. (2007). Structure and wear mechanisms of nano-structured TiAlCN/VCN multilayer coatings. Plasma Process and Polymers, 4 (51), S916-S920. http://doi.org/10.1002/ppap.200732205
Luo, Q., & Hovsepian, P.E. (2006). Transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy on the worn surface of nano-structured TiAlN/VN multilayer coating. Thin Solid Films, 497 (1-2), 203-209. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.10.086
Luo, Q., Zhou, Z., Rainforth, W.M., & Hovsepian, P.E. (2006). TEM-EELS study of low-friction superlattice TiAlN/VN coating: the wear mechanisms. Tribology Letters, 24 (2), 171-178. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11249-006-9160-2
Hovsepian, P., Luo, Q., Robinson, G., Pittman, M., Howarth, M., Doerwald, D., ... Zeus, T. (2005). TiAlN/VN superlattice structured PVD coatings: A new alternative in machining of aluminium alloys for aerospace and automotive components. Surface and Coatings Technology, 201 (1-2), 265-272. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.11.106
Hovsepian, P., Luo, Q., Robinson, G., Pittman, M., Howarth, M., Doerwald, D., ... Zeus, T. (2005). TiAIN superlattice structured PVD coatings: a new alternative in the machining of aluminium alloys for aerospace and automotive components. Surface and coatings technology, 201 (1-2), 265-272. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.11.106
Hovsepian, P.E., Lewis, D.B., Luo, Q., & Farinotti, A. (2005). Corrosion resistance of CrN/NbN superlattice coatings grown by various physical vapour deposition techniques. Thin Solid Films, 488 (1-2), 1-8. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.03.016
Hovsepian, P., Lewis, D.B., Luo, Q., Münz, W.D., Mayrhofer, P.H., Mitterer, C., ... Rainforth, W.M. (2005). TiAlN based nanoscale multilayer coatings designed to adapt their tribological properties at elevated temperatures. Thin Solid Films, 485 (1-2), 160-168. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.03.048
Hovsepian, P., Lewis, D.B., Luo, Q., & Munz, W.D. (2005). TiAIN based nanoscale multilayer coatings designed to adapt their tribological properties at elevated temperatures. Thin solid films, 1-2. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.03.048
Inman, I.A., Datta, P.K., Du, H.L., Burnell-Gray, J.S., Pierzgalski, S., & Luo, Q. (2005). Studies of high temperature sliding wear of metallic dissimilar interfaces. Tribology International, 38 (9), 812-823. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2005.02.007
Luo, Q., Robinson, G., Pittman, M., Howarth, M., Sim, W.M., Stalley, M.R., ... Hovsepian, P. (2005). Performance of nano-structured multilayer PVD coating TiAlN/VN in dry high speed milling of aerospace aluminium 7010-T7651. Surface and Coatings Technology, 200, 123-127. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2005.02.017
Luo, Q., Lewis, D.B., Hovsepian, P.E., & Munz, W.D. (2004). Transmission electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction investigation of the microstructure of nanoscale multilayer TiAlN/VN grown by unbalanced magnetron deposition. Journal of Materials Research, 19 (4), 1093-1104. http://doi.org/10.1557/JMR.2004.0143
Wang, R., Lu, W., & Luo, Q. (2004). Effects of Cu, Mg, Mn, Fe alloying elements in ZL108 alloy on the strength at high temperature. Tezhong Zhuzao Ji Youse Hejin/Special Casting and Nonferrous Alloys, (4), 60.
Lewis, D.B., Luo, Q., Hovsepian, P.E., & Munz, W.D. (2004). Interrelationship between atomic species, bias voltage, texture and microstructure of nano-scale multilayers. Surface and Coatings Technology, 184 (2-3), 225-232. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2003.11.005
Hovsepian, P.E., Lewis, D.B., Constable, C., Luo, Q., Kok, Y.N., & Munz, W.D. (2003). Combined steered cathodic arc/unbalanced magnetron grown C/Cr nanoscale multilayer coatings for tribological applications. Surface and Coatings Technology, 174, 762-769. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(03)00608-X
Inman, I.A., Datta, S., Du, H.L., Burnell-Gary, J.S., & Luo, Q. (2003). Microscopy of glazed layers formed during high temperature sliding wear at 750C. Wear, 254 (5-6), 461-467. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00134-0
Constable, C.P., Yarwood, J., Robinson, G., Luo, Q., Lewis, D.B., & Munz, W.D. (2002). Investigation of wear processes on worn tools using Raman microscopy. Surface Engineering, 18 (2), 127-132. http://doi.org/10.1179/026708402225002703
Rainforth, W.M., Leonard, A.J., Perrin, C., Bedolla-Jacuinde, A., Wang, Y., Jones, H., & Luo, Q. (2002). High resolution observations of friction-induced oxide and its interaction with the worn surface. Tribology International, 35 (11), 731-748. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0301-679X(02)00040-3
Leyens, C., Peters, M., Hovsepian, P.E., Lewis, D.B., Luo, Q., & Munz, W.D. (2002). Novel coating systems produced by the combined cathodic arc/unbalanced magnetron sputtering for environmental protection of titanium alloys. Surface and Coatings Technology, 155 (2-3), 103-111. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(02)00063-4
Constable, C., Luo, Q., Yarwood, J., Munz, W.D., & Breen, C. (2002). Up close - a new tool for understanding wear processes. Materials World, 10 (3), 10-12.
Luo, Q., Rainforth, W.M., & Münz, W.D. (2001). Wear mechanisms of monolithic and multicomponent nitride coatings grown by combined arc etching and unbalanced magnetron sputtering. Surface and Coatings Technology, 146/7, 430-435. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(01)01397-4
Luo, Q., Rainforth, W.M., & Münz, W.D. (2001). TEM studies of the wear of TiAlN/CrN superlattice coatings. Scripta Materialia, 45 (4), 399-404. http://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6462(01)01018-1
Song, Y.P., Xie, J.P., Luo, Q.S., Zhu, J.H., & Bi, Y.X. (2000). Effects of Trace Elements on the Properties of Pressing Bolts for Wear-Resistant Casting Steel. Journal of Iron and Steel Research International, 12 (2), 63-67.
Luo, Q., Rainforth, W.M., & Münz, W.D. (1999). TEM observations of wear mechanisms of TiAlCrN and TiAlN/CrN coatings grown by combined steered-arc/unbalanced magnetron deposition. Wear, 225-22 (I), 74-82. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0043-1648(99)00049-6
Luo, Q., Xie, J., & Song, Y. (1995). Effects of microstructures on the abrasive wear behaviour of spheroidal cast iron. Wear, 184 (1), 1-10. http://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(94)06499-7
Song, Y.P., Luo, Q.S., Chen, Q.D., & Chen, Y.G. (1994). Effects of Re-B modification on the strength and toughness of 30CrMn2Si cast steel. Journal of Materials Science, 29 (6), 1492-1496. http://doi.org/10.1007/BF00368914
Song, Y., Chen, J., Luo, Q., & Xie, J. (1993). Effects of RE-B compound on mechanical properties and microstructure of 30CrMn2Si martensitic cast steel. Kang T'ieh/Iron and Steel (Peking), 28 (6), 46-51.
Luo, Q., Xie, J., & Lu, W. (1993). Investigation of the wear failure mechanism of a flour milling roller. Wear, 161 (1-2), 11-16. http://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(93)90447-T
Luo, Q., & Lu, W. (1988). Effects of phosphorus on the structure and properties of cast iron roller. Zhuzao/Foundry, (10), 1-4.
Luo, Q., Mei, H., Kitchen, M., Gao, Y., & Bowen, L. (n.d.). Effect of short-term low-temperature austempering on the microstructure and abrasive wear of medium-carbon low-alloy steel. Metals and Materials International.
Luo, Q., Li, J., Yan, Q., Li, W., Gao, Y., Kitchen, M., ... Ding, Y. (n.d.). Sliding wear of medium-carbon bainitic/martensitic/austenitic steel treated by short-termlow-temperature austempering. Wear.
Yang, S., Luo, Q., Sun, H., Kitchen, M., & Cooke, K. (2016). Physical and tribological properties of Nitrided AISI 316 stainless steel balls. MATEC Web of Conferences, 77, 01037. http://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/20167701037
Luo, Q., Kitchen, M., Patel, V., Filleu, M., & Owens, D. (2015). Partial-Isothermally-Treated Low Alloy Ultrahigh Strength Steel With Martensitic/Bainitic Microstructure. In HSLA Steels 2015, Microalloying 2015 & Offshore Engineering Steels 2015, (pp. 433-438). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons: http://doi.org/10.1002/9781119223399.ch50
Luo, Q., Yang, S., & Cooke, K.E. (2013). Hybrid HIPIMS and DC magnetron sputtering deposition of TiN coatings: Deposition rate, structure and tribological properties. Surface and Coatings Technology, 236, 13-21. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.07.003
Luo, Q., Chi, K., Li, S., & Barnard, P. (2012). Microstructural stability and lattice misfit characterization of nimonic 263. In Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Pressure Vessels & Piping Division Conference. Volume 6, Materials and fabrication, Parts A and B, (pp. 281-290). ASME: http://doi.org/10.1115/PVP2012-78725
Luo, Q., Chi, K., Li, S., Barnard, P., & ASME, (2012). MICROSTRUCTURAL STABILITY AND LATTICE MISFIT CHARACTERISATIONS OF NIMONIC 263. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME PRESSURE VESSELS AND PIPING CONFERENCE, PVP 2012, VOL 6, PTS A AND B, 197-206.
Luo, Q., Kitchen, M., Patel, V., & Magowan, S. (2012). Carbon partitioning and structure evolution in the hardening treatments of high strength steel. In 20th Congress of International Federation for Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering, Beijing, China, 23 October 2012 - 25 October 2012.
Luo, Q., Yang, S., Cooke, K.E., & Magowan, S. (2012). Structure and tribological properties of TiN coatings grown by hybrid JIPIMS and CFUBMS deposition. In 20th Congress of International Federation for Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering, Beijing, China, 23 October 2012 - 25 October 2012.
Zhou, Z., Calvert, C.C., Rainforth, W.M., Luo, Q., Cheng, L., & Hovsepian, P. (2006). Investigating worn surfaces of nanoscale TiAlN/VN multilayer coating using FIB and TEM. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 26 (1), 95-98. http://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/26/1/022
Inman, I.A., Datta, S., Du, H.L., Burnell-Gray, J.S., Pierzgalski, S., & Luo, Q. (2004). Nanoscale studies of surface glaze formed during high temperature sliding. EUROCORR 2004 - European Corrosion Conference: Long Term Prediction and Modelling of Corrosion.
Kok, Y.N., Hovsepian, P.E., Luo, Q., Lewis, D.B., Wen, J.G., & Petrov, I. (2004). Influence of the bias voltage on the structure and the tribological performance of nanoscale multilayer C/Cr PVD coatings. Thin Solid Films, 475 (1-2), 219-226. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2004.08.042
Doerwald, D., Krug, T., Tietema, R., Sim, W.M., Luo, Q., & Hovsepian, P. (2004). New tool coatings for light metal cutting. Cailiao Rechuli Xuebao/Transactions of Materials and Heat Treatment, 25 (5), 832-836. http://caod.oriprobe.com/articles/7796475/New_Tool_Coatings_for_Light_Metal_Cutting.htm
Luo, Q., Hovsepian, P.E., Lewis, D.B., Munz, W.D., Kok, Y.N., Cockrem, J., ... Farinotti, A. (2004). Tribological properties of unbalanced magnetron sputtered nano-scale multilayer coatings TiAlN/VN and TiAlCrYN deposited on plasma nitrided steels. Surface and coatings technology, 193 (1-3), 39-45. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2004.07.058
Lewis, D.B., Creasey, S.J., Zhou, Z., Forsyth, J.J., Ehiasarian, A.P., Hovsepian, P.E., ... Munz, W.D. (2003). The effect of (Ti + Al): V ratio on the structure and oxidation behaviour of TiAlN/VN nano-scale multilayer coatings. Surface and coatings technology, 177, 252-259. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2003.09.041
Holbery, J.D., Pflueger, E., Savan, A., Gerbig, Y., Luo, Q., Lewis, D.B., & Munz, W.D. (2003). Alloying MoS2 with Al and Au: structure and tribological performance. Surface and Coatings Technology, 169 (170), 716-720. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0257-8972(03)00203-2
Luo, Q., Leyens, C., Hovsepian, P.E., Lewis, D.B., Constable, C.P., & Munz, W.D. (2001). Oxidation mechanism of PVD TiAlCrYN coating observed by analytical TEM. In Aindow, M., & Kiely, C.J. (Eds.) Electron Microscopy and Analysis 2001, (pp. 369-372). Institute of Physics
Luo, Q., Rainforth, W.M., Donohue, L.A., Wadsworth, I., & Münz, W.D. (1999). Tribological investigation of TiAlCrN and TiAlN/CrN coatings grown by combined steered-arc/unbalanced magnetron deposition. Vacuum, 53 (1-2), 123-126. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0042-207X(98)00406-0
Luo, Q., Kitchen, M., Patel, V., Filleu, M., & Owens, D. (2015). Partial-Isothermally-Treated Low Alloy Ultrahigh Strength Steel With Martensitic/Bainitic Microstructure. In HSLA Steels 2015, Microalloying 2015 and Offshore Engineering Steels 2015 Conference Proceedings. (pp. 433-438). Wiley: http://doi.org/10.1002/9781119223399.ch50
Luo, Q. (2013). Tribofilms in solid lubricants. In Wang, Q.J., & Chung, Y.-.W. (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Tribology. Springer
Theses / Dissertations
Reinhard, C. (2007). Crain-based nanoscale multilayer coatings dedicated to wear and oxidation protection. (Doctoral thesis). Supervised by Luo, Q.
He is currently supervising PhD and MSc research students as well as undergraduate projects in the following topics
- novel isothermally treated martensitic/bainitic steels of ultrahigh strength and wear resistance
- plasma nitriding technology of austenitic stainless steel
- synthesis, microstructure and tribological properties of Me-Si-N nanocomposite super-hard coatings
- tool coatings in machining ultrahigh strength steels (with Guangdong University of Technology, China)
- self-adaptive low-friction and wear-resistant PVD coatings (with Chinese Academy)
- micro-nano-scale coating characterization and wear-friction mechanism study by XTEM, FEG-SEM, etc
- plasma surface engineering treatments of alloy steels to improve wear resistance