My interests include every aspect of environmental chemistry. During my undergraduate at the University of Ottawa (Canada), I worked on green chemistry methods to produce nanoparticles. During my PhD at the University of Western Ontario (Canada), I used carbon and nitrogen isotopes to understand the ecology of Pleistocene megafauna, such as the woolly mammoth. My post-doc at Newcastle University (UK) used lipid biomarkers to investigate the nitrogen cycle through time, from the present going back to the Jurassic.
Here at Hallam, I'm bringing my love of the environment and chemistry background to teaching a range of biology and chemistry subjects, as well as to my research career using lipid biomarkers to study nitrogen cycle and methane cycle bacteria in natural and applied settings.
I began my multidisciplinary chemistry career studying an Hon. B.Sc. Specialization in Chemistry at the University of Ottawa, Canada. I spent my first two summers working in the Queens Facility for Isotope Research on boron and lithium geochemistry for mineral exploration, work which led to an authorship on a refereed conference proceeding (Proceedings of the 24th International Applied Geochemistry Symposium). My next summer and my Honours project were spent in the Photochemistry laboratory researching organic functionalization and reaction kinetics of photochemically generated gold nanoparticles. This green chemistry study led to authorship on two publications (Langmuir, Pure and Applied Chemistry).
I started an MSc in Geology at the University of Western Ontario, Canada, which I then upgraded to a PhD. I applied my organic chemistry and isotopic skills to study the paleoecology of the Ice Age mammoth, a unique biome that ran from the UK to Russia, across the Bering Land Bridge, and through the Yukon and Alberta into Ontario. This vast biome had a diversity of megafaunal species including woolly mammoths, steppe bison and horses. I used stable and radiocarbon analyses of bulk protein and individual amino acids, as well as modelling in R, to understand the ecology adaptations of species in this biome (Quaternary Science Reviews, Scientific Reports).
My postdoc in organic geochemistry at Newcastle University here in the UK, further applied my bioanalytical chemistry skills, this time studying lipid biomarkers associated with the anammox bacteria "Candidatus Scalindua". These nitrogen cycle bacteria are found in modern low oxygen environments, colloquially known as 'dead zones'. The intensity of these dead zones is projected to increase with anthropogenic climate change. This study of anammox biomarkers from Oceanic Anoxic Events during the Jurassic Period will feed into nitrogen-cycle models of both the geological past and our future (Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Organic Geochemistry).
Starting at Sheffield Hallam University in 2019 was a homecoming for me, as I came back to my scientific roots working in a chemistry group, as a Lecturer in the Biomolecular Sciences Research Centre.
I teach on a range of Chemistry and Biology undergraduate courses:
Environmental Bioscience (Level 4), for which I am also Module Leader
Concepts in Physical Chemistry (Level 4)
Applied Ecology (Level 5)
Lecturer on Chemistry and Society (Level 5)
Lecturer on Environmental Biotechnology (Level 6)
Schwartz-Narbonne, R., Schaeffer, P., Hopmans, E.C., Schenesse, M., Alex Charlton, E., Martin Jones, D., ... Rush, D. (2020). A unique bacteriohopanetetrol stereoisomer of marine anammox. Organic Geochemistry, 103994. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.orggeochem.2020.103994
Lengger, S.K., Rush, D., Mayser, J.P., Blewett, J., Schwartz-Narbonne, R., Talbot, H.M., ... Pancost, R.D. (2019). Dark carbon fixation in the Arabian Sea oxygen minimum zone contributes to sedimentary organic carbon (SOM). Global Biogeochemical Cycles. http://doi.org/10.1029/2019gb006282
Schwartz-Narbonne, R., Longstaffe, F.J., Kardynal, K.J., Druckenmiller, P., Hobson, K.A., Jass, C.N., ... Zazula, G. (2019). Reframing the mammoth steppe: Insights from analysis of isotopic niches. Quaternary Science Reviews, 215, 1-21. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.04.025
Schwartz-Narbonne, R., Longstaffe, F.J., Metcalfe, J.Z., & Zazula, G. (2015). Solving the woolly mammoth conundrum: amino acid 15N-enrichment suggests a distinct forage or habitat. Scientific Reports, 5 (1). http://doi.org/10.1038/srep09791
McGilvray, K.L., Fasciani, C., Bueno-Alejo, C.J., Schwartz-Narbonne, R., & Scaiano, J.C. (2012). Photochemical Strategies for the Seed-Mediated Growth of Gold and Gold–Silver Nanoparticles. Langmuir, 28 (46), 16148-16155. http://doi.org/10.1021/la302814v
Scaiano, J.C., Netto-Ferreira, J.C., Alarcon, E., Billone, P., Alejo, C.J.B., Crites, C.-.O.L., ... Wee, T.-.L. (2011). Tuning plasmon transitions and their applications in organic photochemistry. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 83 (4), 913-930. http://doi.org/10.1351/pac-con-11-01-09