Tom joined the Academy for Sport and Physical Activity in January 2017 as a Lecturer in Exercise Physiology, having previously taught at Loughborough University. Tom's underlying research interest lies in Neuromuscular Physiology and, in particular, the adaptation of this to different types of resistance training.
Tom is an established researcher in Neuromuscular Physiology. He completed his PhD at Manchester Metropolitan University examining the age related changes in skeletal muscle as part of the EU-funded myoage project.
Upon completion in 2013, Tom moved to Loughborough University as a teaching fellow in Exercise Physiology, contributing to teaching across the undergraduate and postgraduate sports and exercise science programmes.
During his time at Loughborough, Tom conducted research as part of the NCSEM and the Centre for Sport, Exercise and Osteoarthritis as funded by Arthritis Research UK.
He joined the Academy for Sport and Physical Activity in January 2017 as a Lecturer in Sports and Exercise Science, with his teaching focus in Exercise Physiology. In addition, Tom is an associate researcher of the Centre for Sports Engineering Research.
Specialist areas of interest
Explosive Strength Performance
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Sport and Exercise Science
BSc (Hons) Sport and Exercise Science
BSc (Hons) Physical Activity, Sport and Health
MSc Sport and Exercise Science
Physiology and Nutrition in Practice (ML)
Improving Performance through Nutrition and Physiology
Research Project (BSc and MSc)
Issues in Sport and Exercise Science
Work Based Learning
Collaborators and sponsors
Dr Tom Balshaw, Dr Jonathan Folland, Loughborough University
Dr Neale Tillin, University of Roehampton
Dr Martin Lindley, Loughborough University
Dr Mark Faghy, University of Derby
Dr Jamie McPhee, Dr Hans Degens, Prof David Jones, Manchester Metropolitan University
Professor Joern Rittweger, European Space Agency, University of Cologne
Dr Martino Franchi, Prof Marco Narici, University of Nottingham
Dr Brad Schoenfeld, University of New York City, Lehman College
Faghy, M.A., Brown, P.I., Davis, N.M., Mayes, J.P., & Maden-Wilkinson, T. (2020). A flow resistive inspiratory muscle training mask worn during high-intensity interval training does not improve 5 km running time-trial performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-020-04505-3
Faghy, M.A., Ashton, R.E., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Copeland, R., Bewick, T., Smith, A., & Loosemore, M. (2020). Integrated sports and respiratory medicine in the aftermath of COVID-19. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8 (9), 852. http://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30307-6
Bell, L., Ruddock, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., & Rogerson, D. (2020). Overreaching and Overtraining in Strength Sports and Resistance Training: A Scoping Review. Journal of Sports Sciences. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1763077
Maden-Wilkinson, T.M., Balshaw, T.G., Massey, G., & Folland, J.P. (2019). What makes long-term resistance-trained individuals so strong? A comparison of skeletal muscle morphology, architecture, and joint mechanics. Journal of Applied Physiology. http://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00224.2019
Behan, F.P., Moody, R., Patel, T.S., Lattimore, E., Maden-Wilkinson, T.M., & Balshaw, T.G. (2019). Biceps femoris long head muscle fascicle length does not differ between sexes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37 (21), 2452-2458. http://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1641016
Kordi, M., Folland, J., Goodall, S., Haralabidis, N., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Patel, T.S., ... Howatson, G. (2019). Mechanical and morphological determinants of peak power output in elite cyclists. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13570
Hattersley, C., Hembrough, D., Khan, K., Picken, A., Rumbold, J., & Maden-Wilkinson, T. (2019). Managing the transition into retirement for elite athletes. Professional strength & conditioning, (53), 11-16. https://www.uksca.org.uk/uksca-iq/article/journal-back-issues/1886/professional-strength-conditioning-issue-53-june-2019
Balshaw, T.G., Massey, G.J., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Lanza, M.B., & Folland, J.P. (2018). Neural adaptations after 4 years vs. 12 weeks of resistance training vs. untrained. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 29 (3), 348-359. http://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13331
McPhee, J.S., Cameron, J., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Piasecki, M., Yap, M.H., Jones, D.A., & Degens, H. (2018). The contributions of fibre atrophy, fibre loss, in situ specific force and voluntary activation to weakness in sarcopenia. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 73 (10), 1287-1294. http://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/gly040
Massey, G., Balshaw, T., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Tillin, N., & Folland, J. (2018). Tendinous tissue adaptation to explosive-vs. sustained-contraction strength training. Frontiers in Physiology, 9 (SEP). http://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2018.01170
Massey, G.J., Balshaw, T.G., Maden-Wilkinson, T., & Folland, J.P. (2018). Tendinous tissue properties after short and long-term functional overload: Differences between controls, 12 weeks and 4 years of resistance training. Acta Physiologica, 222 (4), e13019. http://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13019
Behan, F.P., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Pain, M.T.G., & Folland, J. (2018). Sex differences in muscle morphology of the knee flexors and knee extensors. PLoS ONE, 13 (1), e0190903. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190903
Coulson, J., Bagley, L., Barnouin, Y., Bradburn, S., Butler-Browne, G., Gapeyeva, H., ... McPhee, J.S. (2017). Circulating levels of Dickkopf-1, Osteoprotegerin and sclerostin are higher in old compared with young men and women and positively associated with whole-body bone mineral density in older adults. Osteoporosis International, 28 (9), 2683-2689. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-017-4104-2
Balshaw, T.G., Massey, G.J., Maden-Wilkinson, T., & Folland, J.P. (2017). Muscle size and strength : debunking the “completely separate phenomena” suggestion. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 (6), 1275-1276. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3616-y
Balshaw, T.G., Fry, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Kong, P.W., & Folland, J.P. (2017). Reliability of quadriceps surface electromyography measurements is improved by two vs. single site recordings. European journal of applied physiology, 117 (6), 1085-1094. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3595-z
Massey, G.J., Balshaw, T.G., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Tillin, N.A., & Folland, J.P. (2017). The influence of patellar tendon and muscle-tendon unit stiffness on quadriceps explosive strength in man. Experimental Physiology, 102 (4), 448-461. http://doi.org/10.1113/EP086190
Balshaw, T.G., Massey, G.J., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Morales-Artacho, A.J., McKeown, A., Appleby, C.L., & Folland, J.P. (2017). Changes in agonist neural drive, hypertrophy and pre-training strength all contribute to the individual strength gains after resistance training. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 117 (4), 631-640. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-017-3560-x
Balshaw, T.G., Massey, G.J., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Tillin, N.A., & Folland, J.P. (2016). Training-specific functional, neural, and hypertrophic adaptations to explosive- vs. sustained-contraction strength training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 120 (11), 1364-1373. http://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00091.2016
Ireland, A., Degens, H., Ganse, B., Maden-Wilkinson, T.M., Wilks, D.C., & Rittweger, J. (2015). Greater tibial bone strength in male tennis players than controls in the absence of greater muscle output. Journal of Orthopaedic Translation, 3 (3), 142-151. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jot.2015.04.001
Maden-Wilkinson, T., McPhee, J.S., Jones, D.A., & Degens, H. (2015). Age-related loss of muscle mass, strength, and power and their association with mobility in recreationally-active older adults in the United Kingdom. Journal of aging and physical activity, 23 (3), 352-360. http://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2013-0219
Mcphee, J.S., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Narici, M.V., Jones, D.A., & Degens, H. (2014). Knee extensor fatigue resistance of young and older men and women performing sustained and brief intermittent isometric contractions. Muscle & Nerve, 50 (3), 393-400. http://doi.org/10.1002/mus.24174
Sillanpää, E., Stenroth, L., Bijlsma, A.Y., Rantanen, T., McPhee, J.S., Maden-Wilkinson, T., ... Sipilä, S. (2014). Associations between muscle strength, spirometric pulmonary function and mobility in healthy older adults. Age, 36 (4), 9667. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-014-9667-7
Ireland, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Ganse, B., Degens, H., & Rittweger, J. (2014). Effects of age and starting age upon side asymmetry in the arms of veteran tennis players: a cross-sectional study. Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA, 25 (4), 1389-1400. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-014-2617-5
Maden-Wilkinson, T., McPhee, J.S., Rittweger, J., Jones, D.A., & Degens, H. (2014). Thigh muscle volume in relation to age, sex and femur volume. Age, 36 (1), 383-393. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-013-9571-6
Ireland, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., McPhee, J., Cooke, K., Narici, M., Degens, H., & Rittweger, J. (2013). Upper limb muscle-bone asymmetries and bone adaptation in elite youth tennis players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 (9), 1749-1758. http://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828f882f
Maden-Wilkinson, T., Degens, H., Jones, D.A., & McPhee, J.S. (2013). Comparison of MRI and DXA to measure muscle size and age-related atrophy in thigh muscles. Journal of musculoskeletal & neuronal interactions, 13 (3), 320-8. http://www.ismni.org/jmni/Archive.php?year=2013
Ireland, A., Maden-Wilkinson, T., McPhee, J., Cooke, K., Narici, M., Degens, H., & Rittweger, J. (2013). Upper limb muscle-bone asymmetries and bone adaptation in elite youth tennis players. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45 (9), 1749-58. http://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828f882f.
Degens, H., Maden-Wilkinson, T., Ireland, A., Korhonen, M.T., Suominen, H., Heinonen, A., ... Rittweger, J. (2013). Relationship between ventilatory function and age in master athletes and a sedentary reference population. Age, 35 (3), 1007-1015. http://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-012-9409-7
McPhee, J.S., Hogrel, J.-.Y., Maier, A.B., Seppet, E., Seynnes, O.R., Sipilä, S., ... Jones, D.A. (2013). Physiological and functional evaluation of healthy young and older men and women: design of the European MyoAge study. Biogerontology, 14 (3), 325-37. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10522-013-9434-7
Maden-Wilkinson, T.M., Degens, H., Jones, D.A., & Mcphee, J.S. (2013). Comparison of MRI and DXA to measure muscle size and age-related atrophy in thigh muscles. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions, 13 (3), 282-290.
Behan, F., Maden-Wilkinson, T.M., Pain, M.T.G., & Folland, J.P. (2016). Sex Differences In Hamstrings To Quadriceps Muscle Volume Ratio. MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 48 (5), 388. http://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000486172.10588.a6