Dr Wei Deng

Dr Wei Deng

Research Fellow


Dr. Wei Deng joined Dr Paul Bingham’s research group in Sheffield Hallam University in 2016. Wei's research focuses on the energy and CO2 reduction in the glass industry. Currently, Wei is also working in Sheffield Innovation Programme (SIP) to support reginal business growth. He engaged and cooperated with different companies including but not limited to: Glass Technology Service (GTS), VitriTech, Ardagh, Refmet, Kansa, Chase Research Cryogenics and Wright Engineering. etc.

Wei has a lot of experience working closely with the glass industry. He has great interested in silicate glass, glass-ceramics science and engineering.


During his studies in Wuhan University of Technology in China, Dr Deng worked in a local government research institute. He worked closely with SMEs and devoted himself to solve practical problems in the glass industry.
Wei has been awarded several research funds, both from government and industry in China, where he got an extensive research and experience in glass science and industry. With support of his PhD advisor, Wei proposed an Investigation and Development Report for his local government. His report contributed for the establishment of the Shahe Glass Research Institute.
Between 2013 and 2015, Dr Deng continued his post-doctoral research in High Level Waste (HLW) glass surface aqueous corrosion in Alfred University, USA. His research was funded by the Department of Energy (DOE). Wei obtained the permission to use the Brookhaven National Laboratory-National Synchrotron Light Source, which he used to carry out his HLW glass research on.

In 2016, Wei joined Dr Paul Bingham’s research group in Sheffield Hallam University and successfully finished the project of “Briquetting of recycled glass fines for energy and CO2 reduction in the glass industry” in 2017, which funded by Innovate UK (63406-429275) and EPSRC (EP/P510725/1).

Dr Deng's current research with the Materials and Engineering Research Institute focuses on the energy and CO2 reduction in the glass industry and he is also working in Sheffield Innovation Programme (SIP) to support reginal business growth.

Specialist areas of interest:
• Silicate Glass and glass-ceramics
• The Energy-saving & Emission Reduction in glass industry.
• Glass Composition modification/optimization for different purposes.
• Glass structure topics such as liquid phase separation, crystallization, relaxation, transition etc., and its relationship with properties.
• Glass surface corrosion and surface morphology characterization.


Current Projects:
2016-2017: Postdoctoral Research Fellow (Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK)
Title: Briquetting of recycled glass fines for energy and CO2 reduction in the glass industry
• This research is proposing a feasibility study for a novel briquetting process that will turn rejected cullet (glass fines) waste into valuable material that can be re-used in glass manufacture.
• The proposed technology has potential to a. reduce the glass industry’s CO2 emissions; b. Secure the long-term UK & global supply of cullet; and c. reduce the industry’s energy cost.
• Funded by Innovate UK and in collaboration with Wright Eng. & Ardagh Group.

Selected Projects:
2013-2015: Postdoctoral Research Fellow (Alfred University, NY, USA)
Title: Surface Layer-Bulk Glass Interface Evolution with Aqueous Corrosion (funded by DOE (Department Of Energy) and was collaborative effort with Brookhaven National Lab.)
• The purpose of this research is to determine glass surfaces during aqueous corrosion. Through advance surface analysis methods (XRR GISAXS GIXRD AFM & XPS etc.) the resulting gel surface from aqueous corrosion of the glass surface was characterized.
• Investigation of surface layer structure and morphology on and in the glass surface after aqueous corrosion using XRR. Both lab and cyclotron sources were used for XRR. AFM & XPS also used.
• Phase separation research and characterization in HLW glass by SEM/EDS & HTXRD in collaboration with Corning Ltd.

2011-2012: Project leader (PHD Candidate, WHUT, CHINA)
Title: Field trips and composed the Glass Industry Investigation and Development Report for Shahe City in 2011
• Investigate and finish the report.
• Supported by Shahe City Government, Hebei province, China.

2010-2011: Project leader (PHD Candidate, WHUT, CHINA)
Exploratory study of float glass batch pre-sintering technology. (Grant from Fundamental Research Funds for Central Universities, Ministry of Science and Technology of P. R. China.; No.: 2010-ZY-CL-006)
• Responsibilities: Applying for the grant; selecting the team members; project planning; supervising the whole experiment; finishing the report and publishing the achievement.

2009-2010: Project member (PHD Candidate, WHUT, CHINA)
Research on Secondary Phase Separation in the Li2O-Al2O3-SiO2 Glass Ceramic System. (Grant from The National Natural Science Funds, program No.: 50802065)
• Responsible for materials preparation and test.

2007-2009: Project member (MSE Candidate, WHUT, CHINA)

• Chemical composition improvement of architectural canasite based glass-ceramics.
• Composition and product technology development of fluoride-free opaque glasses.
• A lead-free glass composition with high refractive index.
• Responsibilities: Constructing experimental plan; supervising the whole progress of the experiment; developing lines of communication with manufactures.


Journal articles

Scrimshire, A., Backhouse, D., Deng, W., Mann, C., Ogden, M.D., Sharrad, C.A., ... Bingham, P.A. (2024). Benchtop Zone Refinement of Simulated Future Spent Nuclear Fuel Pyroprocessing Waste. Materials, 17 (8). http://doi.org/10.3390/ma17081781

Deng, W., Backhouse, D.J., Kabir Kazi, F., Janani, R., Holcroft, C., Magallanes, M., ... Bingham, P.A. (2023). Alternative raw material research for decarbonization of UK glass manufacture. International Journal of Applied Glass Science. http://doi.org/10.1111/ijag.16637

Wang, J., Wang, M., Tian, Y., & Deng, W. (2022). A Review on Photocatalytic Glass Ceramics: Fundamentals, Preparation, Performance Enhancement and Future Development. Catalysts, 12 (10). http://doi.org/10.3390/catal12101235

Janani, R., Deng, W., Backhouse, D.J., Kabir-Kazi, F., Wie-Addo, G., Jones, A.H., ... Bingham, P. (2022). Paving the way to Net Zero by repurposing waste. Glass International, 45 (1), 39-43.

Wang, M., Li, A., Zhang, X., Zhang, D., Jin, S., Xiong, D., & Deng, W. (2022). Tailoring effect of Y2O3 on water resistance of Na2O–ZnO–Al2O3–B2O3 glasses. Journal of Rare Earths, 40 (8), 1316-1322. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jre.2021.08.010

Backhouse, D., Guilbot, A., Scrimshire, A., Eales, J., Deng, W., Bell, A., ... Bingham, P. (2022). Biomass Ashes as Potential Raw Materials for Mineral Wool Manufacture: Initial Studies of Glass Structure and Chemistry. European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A Glass Technology, 63 (1), 19-32. http://doi.org/10.13036/17533546.63.1.003

Deng, W., Christopoulou, G., Modarresifar, F., Jones, A., & Bingham, P. (2021). Effects of ZrO2 on thermal stability and crystallization of K2O-Al2O3-SiO2 glasses. European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, 62 (5), 137-148. http://doi.org/10.13036/17533562.62.5.06

Wang, M., Zheng, Q., Chen, A., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Zhang, D., ... Deng, W. (2021). Crystallization, thermal expansion and hardness of Y2O3–Al2O3–SiO2 glasses. Ceramics International, 47 (17), 25059-25066. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2021.05.236

Bell, A., Backhouse, D., Deng, W., Eales, J., Kilinc, E., Love, K., ... Bingham, P. (2020). X-Ray fluorescence analysis of feldspars and silicate glass: effects of melting time on fused bead consistency and volatilisation. Minerals, 10 (5), 442. http://doi.org/10.3390/min10050442

Bell, A.M.T., Backhouse, D.J., Deng, W., Eales, J.D., Kilinc, E., Love, K., ... Bingham, P.A. (2020). X-ray Fluorescence Analysis of Feldspars and Silicate Glass: Effects of Melting Time on Fused Bead Consistency and Volatilisation. Minerals, 10 (5), e442. http://doi.org/10.3390/min10050442

Deng, W., Spathi, C., Coulbeck, T., Kilinc, E., Backhouse, D., Marshall, M., ... Bingham, P. (2019). Exploratory research in alternative raw material sources and reformulation for industrial soda-lime-silica glass batch. International Journal of Applied Glass Science. http://doi.org/10.1111/ijag.14775

Li, A., Hu, Y., Liu, Z., Zhang, X., Deng, W., Wang, H., ... Wang, M. (2019). The effect of mixed La-Y doping on water resistance of phosphate glass. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 527, 119727. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2019.119727

Zheng, Q., Liu, Y., Li, M., Liu, Z., Hu, Y., Zhang, X., ... Wang, M. (2019). Crystallization behavior and IR structure of yttrium aluminosilicate glasses. Journal of the European Ceramic Society. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2019.09.044

Deng, W., Backhouse, D.J., Kabir, F., Janani, R., Bigharaz, M., Wardlow, A., ... Bingham, P. (2019). An ancient technology could help deliver decarbonisation. Glass International, 42 (7), 47-49. https://www.glass-international.com/issues/view/july-august-2019

Wang, M., Fang, L., Li, M., Liu, Z., Hu, Y., Zhang, X., ... Dongol, R. (2019). Phase separation and crystallization of La2O3 doped ZnO-B2O3-SiO2 glass. Journal of Rare Earths. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jre.2018.09.013

Deng, W., Wright, R., Boden-Hook, C., & Bingham, P. (2019). Melting behaviour of waste glass cullet briquettes in soda-lime-silica container glass batch. International Journal of Applied Glass Science, 10 (1), 125-137. http://doi.org/10.1111/ijag.12555

Mary, N., Rebours, M., Castel, E., Vaishnav, S., Deng, W., Bell, A., ... Bingham, P. (2018). Enhanced thermal stability of high-bismuth borate glasses by addition of iron. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.07.061

Deng, W., Wright, R., Boden-Hook, C., & Bingham, P. (2018). Briquetting of waste glass cullet fine particles for energy-saving glass manufacture. Glass Technology: European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part A, 59 (3), 81-91. http://doi.org/10.13036/17533546.59.3.013

Gong, Y., Deng, W., Zhang, W., Yatongchai, C., Zou, Y., & Buchanan, R.C. (2014). Effect of a BaO-CuO-Bi2O3-B2O3 glass flux, and its processing on the dielectric properties of BaTiO3. Ceramics International, 41 (1), 671-680. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.08.121

Deng, W., Gong, Y., & Cheng, J.-.S. (2014). Liquid-phase separation and crystallization of high silicon canasite-based glass ceramic. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 385, 47-54. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.11.006

Deng, W., Cheng, J.-.S., Tian, P.-.J., & Wang, M.-.T. (2012). Chemical durability and weathering resistance of canasite based glass and glass-ceramics. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 358 (21), 2847-2854. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.07.003

Wang, M., Cheng, J., Li, M., He, F., & Deng, W. (2012). Viscosity and thermal expansion of soda-lime-silica glass doped with Gd2O3 and Y2O3. Solid State Sciences, 14 (8), 1233-1237. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2012.06.001

Cheng, J.-.S., Deng, W., & Wang, M.-.T. (2012). Structure of Na2O·MO·SiO2·CaF2 (M=Mg, Ca) oxyfluoride glasses. Physica B: Condensed Matter, 407 (14), 2778-2783. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2012.04.026

Deng, W., & Cheng, J.-.S. (2012). New transparent glass–ceramics containing large grain Eu3+:CaF2 nanocrystals. Materials Letters, 73, 112-114. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2012.01.016

Li, Q., Dong, L., Deng, W., Zhu, Q., Liu, Y., & Xiong, C. (2009). Solvent-free Fluids Based on Rhombohedral Nanoparticles of Calcium Carbonate. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 131 (26), 9148-9149. http://doi.org/10.1021/ja902197v

Other activities

Review Experience:
- Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids;
- Journal of Rare Earths;
- Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (materials science);
- Turkish Journal of Physics.

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