Dr Paul Bingham joined Sheffield Hallam in 2012 as Senior Lecturer in Materials Engineering, and became a Reader in Materials Engineering in summer 2015. He has over 20 years' experience in his field and has a strong research group working primarily in glasses, ceramics, energy and waste management.
Paul contributes to teaching across Materials Engineering and he is a past Course Leader for our Part-Time and Full-Time Materials Engineering degree courses (FdEng, BEng (Hons) and MEng).
Dr Paul Bingham gained a BEng (Hons) degree in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Sheffield in 1995. He then pursued PhD studies, also at the University of Sheffield, on the topic of glass science and technology, and was awarded his PhD in 2000. In 1999 Paul joined Glass Technology Services Ltd as a Glass Technologist, and was promoted to Senior Glass Technologist in 2002. In this role Paul carried out industrially-focused R&D and problem-solving, ranging from development of new environmentally-friendly glasses to forensic examination and glass plant production problems.
In 2004 Paul returned to academia, joining the Immobilisation Science Laboratory (ISL) at the University of Sheffield as a Postdoctoral Research Associate. In this role Paul worked on glasses and ceramics for the safe immobilisation of radioactive and toxic wastes, and also on energy-friendly materials development and waste management.
Paul joined Sheffield Hallam University in January 2012 as a Senior Lecturer in Materials Engineering, and became a Reader in Materials Engineering in 2015. He contributes to teaching across Materials Engineering, with specific focus on materials composition / structure / property relations; and ceramic technology. Paul is a past Course Leader for our Part-Time and Full-Time Materials Engineering degree courses (FdEng, BEng (Hons) and MEng and has led the past two successful re-accreditations of our Materials Engineering degree courses by the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IOM3). Paul is also actively involved with student groups and is the SHU-IOM3 Materials Society Academic Liaison.
To date Paul has published over 70 research papers in the fields of glasses; glass-ceramics; energy and the environment; waste management and nuclear and toxic waste treatment. He has co-edited and co-authored a book on the subject of low-energy, environmentally-friendly glasses and he has a strong track record in attracting research funding from bodies as diverse as Innovate UK, European Union, US Department of Energy, UK Research Councils and industry. He currently holds a number of active research grants and he is Director of Studies for several PhD students and line manager of several postdoctoral researchers, visiting academics and interns.
Paul is a Fellow of the Society of Glass Technology and sits on its Basic Science and Technology Committee. He is a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and is also a member of the Institute of Physics and the Association for the History of Glass. He is a reviewer for over 10 international journals, the US DoE Nuclear Energy Universities Programme and EU H2020 funding bids.
Paul sits on several international and national committees. He is a member of the International Commission on Glass Technical Committee 5: Waste Vitrification and the RAL-ISIS Neutron User Committee. He was elected onto the Sector Decarbonisation Roadmap Committees for both the ceramics and glass industries, which directly advises the UK Government in this area. Paul carries out a wide range of consultancy activities. He has consulted for the UK Government's Committee on Climate Change and for the ceramics, optoelectronics and glass industries. He also acts as an expert witness and has worked with some of the world's largest and most well-known companies in his field. He has organised multiple conferences and was Chair of the Local Organising Committee for the highly successful Centenary Conference of the Society of Glass Technology in 2016. He has given many Invited Presentations at international conferences, and actively engages with the international academic and industrial communities.
- Reader in Materials Engineering since 2015 (Senior Lecturer in Materials Engineering 2012 - 2015);
- Past Course Leader (2012 - 2016) for SHU Part-Time and Full-Time Materials Engineering degree courses (FdEng, BEng (Hons) and MEng) in Materials Engineering and Forensic Engineering;
- Led successful re-accreditation of SHU Materials Engineering degree courses by the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining (IOM3) in 2013 and in 2016;
- Mentor for junior academic staff;
- Member of the ACES Faculty Research and Innovation Committee;
- Member of SHU Research Concordat Sub-Committee;
- SHU-IOM3 Student Materials Society Academic Liaison;
- Member of the ACES KTP Steering Group;
- Laboratory Manager for the MERI Mössbauer Spectroscopy Laboratory.
Specialist areas of interest:
- Materials Engineering;
- Glasses and Ceramics.
Department of Engineering and Mathematics
Arts, Computing, Engineering and Sciences
Module Leader for:
- Materials and Manufacturing Engineering - this module is delivered across multiple engineering courses and provides a sound understanding of the fundamental aspects of the field.
- Engineering Ceramics and Polymers - this module delivers a thorough understanding of ceramic and polymeric materials.
- Polymers, Nanocomposites and Modelling Research Centre
- Materials and Engineering Research Institute
Current Research Projects:
October 2016 - ongoing: Briquetting of recycled glass fines for energy and CO2 reduction in the glass industry. Funded by EPSRC. Project PDRA: Wei Deng.
The global glass manufacturing sector uses 140 - 220 Terawatt-hours of energy and emits 50-60 million tonnes of CO2 per year. Manufacturing inefficiencies are such that, without intervention and increased product demand, global CO2 emissions from glass making are forecast to increase by 20% by 2019. In the UK alone the glass industry produces over 3 million tonnes of glass per year, using 4.5 Terawatt-hours of energy (1.4 Megawatt-hour per tonne of glass melted), and emits 2 million tonnes of CO2. The energy required for melting glass in a furnace accounts for 75% of the energy consumption. Melting furnaces typically have 50-60% efficiency; however, the introduction of recycled glass (cullet) significantly reduces glass melting energy requirements and CO2 emissions. The availability of quality cullet is an industry-wide challenge - 20% is rejected every year and sent to landfill. In this project we are studying a novel briquetting process that turns rejected cullet (fines) into valuable waste materials re-introduced into glass manufacture. The technology being developed has potential to (i) reduce the glass industry's CO2 emissions by up to 8%; (ii) Secure the long term UK & global supply of cullet and (iii) reduce the industry's energy costs by 4-8%. This project utilises a test briquetting line, with laboratory scale glass melting and testing equipment.
July 2016 - ongoing: Lower-energy routes to commercial soda-lime-silica glass manufacture through changes in the raw materials balance. Funded by Innovate UK. Project PDRA: Charikleia Spathi.
Commercial glass making is a key industrial sector that contributes £1.3bn p/a to the UK economy and is worth $98bn globally. Although significant improvements have been made over the last 20 years, it is still an environmentally inefficient sector that globally produces 108MT of flat and container glass, accounting for c. 220 TWh of energy consumption and 50-60MT of CO2 emissions. In the UK alone, the sector produces 3MT of glass, emits 2MT of CO2, and uses 4.5TWh of energy. The subsequent UK energy cost is £70m p/a. In an industry that is growing by 7.2% p/a this poses a significant environmental challenge. The fundamental issue in glass making is the inefficiency of melting processes which consume 75% of the total energy. Commercial furnaces operate at 50-60% efficiency because high temperatures of 1500-1600 oC are required to melt the raw materials. This project is a feasibility study to develop lower energy routes to produce glass by changing the raw materials balance and partially replacing standard raw materials with waste stream and by-product materials. If successful the process could save c. 225-450 GWh of energy and reduce CO2 emissions by 200,000T p/a in the UK.
2014 - ongoing: Light innovative materials for enhanced solar efficiency (LIMES). Funded by EU Solar-Era Net.
There is a global drive to lower the cost of solar generated electricity. The cost per watt peak (€/Wp) can be reduced by increasing PV efficiency, reducing cost of the Balance of System (BOS) and minimizing the module costs. Module assembly is material extensive and constitutes a significant part of the price. Currently, 3 mm glass is the predominant cover of solar modules and it implies 30 % of the price. Reduction of encapsulant materials can help to minimize the foot print of the solar panel by minimized cost over the whole chain from raw materials to installation. The aim of the project is to exploit the development of 1 mm toughened glass as encapsulant to produce a light weight, low cost PV module with enhanced efficiency. We are developing new glasses and new coatings to improve the physical properties of the cover material of PV modules. Furthermore, novel toughening techniques of thin glass are being investigated, and prototypes assembled. We strive towards:
- Ultrathin glass-glass modules;
- Eliminating the transmission limit of solar glasses;
- Ultra-robust module designs with extended lifetime.
2013 - ongoing: Glass chemistry and processing issues - radioactive waste glasses. Funded by US Department of Energy International Cooperation Programme.
Certain nuclear wastes within the US DOE complex contain relatively high concentrations of sulphur, which has a low solubility in borosilicate glass. This dictates that the waste be blended with lower sulphur concentration waste sources or heavily washed to remove sulphur levels prior to vitrification. High concentrations of sulphur can also impose a limit on waste loading, which in turn hinders waste throughput for a vitrification plant. It is therefore desirable to develop enhanced borosilicate glass compositions with improved sulfur solubility. This project has focussed on developing improved understanding of the mechanisms and effects of sulphur incorporation in glasses relevant to radioactive waste vitrification.
Collaborators and Sponsors:
Paul works with a wide range of industrial collaborators and sponsors, from large multinationals to SME's, to Government and NGO's and other academic institutions. Here is a selection of these:
Johnson Matthey, Morgan Advanced Materials, Pilkington NSG, Glass Technology Services, Lucideon, British Glass Manufacturers Confederation, British Ceramics Confederation, Wright Engineering, Cogent Power, Mayflower Engineering, Mansol (Preforms), University of Oxford (UK), University of Warwick (UK), University of Birmingham (UK), University of Nottingham (UK), Loughborough University (UK), Université de Pierre et Marie Curie de Paris (France), University of Padova (Italy), University of Brescia (Italy), Tokyo Metropolitan University (Japan), Rutgers University (USA), Savannah River National Laboratory (USA), and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory(USA).
WRIGHT, Adrian C, SINCLAIR, Roger N, SHAW, Joanna L, HAWORTH, Richard, BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue, HOLLAND, Diane, SCALES, Charlie R, CUELLO, Gabriel J and VEDISHCHEVA, Natalia M (2017). The Environment of Fe3+/Fe2+ Cations in a Sodium Borosilicate Glass. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses : European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B, 58 (3), 78-91.
BENASSI, L, DALIPI, R, CONSIGLI, V, PASQUALI, M, BORGESE, L, DEPERO, L E, CLEGG, Francis, BINGHAM, Paul and BONTEMPI, E (2017). Integrated management of ash from industrial and domestic combustion : a new sustainable approach for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from energy conversion. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24 (17), 14834-14846.
BAMBER, T, GUO, J, SINGH, J, BIGHARAZ, Masoud, PETZING, J, BINGHAM, Paul, JUSTHAM, L, PENDERS, Jacques and JACKSON, M (2017). Visualization methods for understanding the dynamic electroadhesion phenomenon. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 50, p. 205304.
BINGHAM, Paul, VAISHNAV, Shuchi, FORDER, Sue, SCRIMSHIRE, Alex, JAGANATHAN, Balaasaran, ROHINI, Jiji, MARRA, James, FOX, Kevin, PIERCE, Eric, WORKMAN, Phyllis and VIENNA, John (2017). Modelling the sulfate capacity of simulated radioactive waste borosilicate glasses. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 695, 656-667.
YAMBISSA, Mubuabua, FORDER, Sue and BINGHAM, Paul (2016). 57Fe Mossbauer spectroscopy used to develop understanding of a diamond preservation index model. Hyperfine Interactions, 237 (66), 1-6.
MEDIERO-MUNOYERRO, M J, MCGREGOR, J, MCMILLAN, L, AL-YASSIR, N, BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue, GORIN, Colin, AL-KHATTAF, S, GLADDEN, L F and MIDGLEY, P A (2016). Structural changes in FeOx/γ-Al2O3 catalysts during ethylbenzene dehydrogenation. Catalysis, Structure and Reactivity, 2 (1), 25-32.
CLEMENS, Oliver, MARCO, Jose F., THOMAS, Michael F., FORDER, Sue, ZHANG, Hongbin, CARTENET, Simon, MONZE, Anais, BINGHAM, Paul A., SLATER, Peter R. and BERRY, Frank J. (2016). Magnetic interactions in cubic-, hexagonal- and trigonal barium iron oxide fluoride, BaFeO2F. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 28 (34).
SINGH, Jatinder, BINGHAM, Paul, PENDERS, Jacques and MANBY, David (2016). Effects of residual charge on the performance of electro-adhesive grippers. In: ALBOUL, Lyuba, DAMIAN, Dana and AITKENS, Jonathan M., (eds.) Towards autonomous robotic systems, 17th Annual Conference, TAROS 2016, Sheffield, UK, June 26--July 1, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence (9716). Springer International Publishing, 327-338.
SCRIMSHIRE, Alex, LOBERA, Alex, KULTYSHEV, Roman, ELLIS, Peter, FORDER, Sue and BINGHAM, Paul (2016). Variable temperature 57Fe-Mössbauer spectroscopy study of nanoparticle iron carbides. Croatica Chemica Acta, 88 (4). (In Press)
CHEN, Yao-Chen, REEVES-MCLAREN, Nik, TAN, Chaou C., BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue and WEST, Anthony R. (2015). Synthesis and characterisation of Li11RE18M4O39−δ: RE = Nd or Sm; M = Al, Co or Fe. Dalton Transactions, 45 (1), 315-323.
CHEN, Yao-Chang, REEVES-MCLAREN, Nik, TAN, Chaou C., BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue and WEST, Anthony R. (2015). Synthesis and characterisation of Li11RE18M4O39−δ: RE = Nd or Sm; M = Al, Co or Fe. Dalton Transactions, 45 (1), 315-323.
SUN, Hualei, WOODRUFF, Daniel N., CASSIDY, Simon J., ALLCROFT, Genevieve M., SEDLMAIER, Stefan J., THOMPSON, Amber L., BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue, CARTENET, Simon, MARY, Nicolas, RAMOS, Silvia, FORONDA, Francesca R., WILLIAMS, Benjamin H., LI, Xiaodong, BLUNDELL, Stephen J. and CLARKE, Simon J. (2015). Soft chemical control of superconductivity in Lithium Iron Selenide Hydroxides Li1–xFex(OH)Fe1–ySe. Inorganic Chemistry, 54 (4), 1958-1964.
RODELLA, N., BOSIO, A., ZACCO, A., BORGESE, L., PASQUALI, M., DALIPI, R., DEPERO, L.E., PATEL, V., BINGHAM, Paul and BONTEMPI, E. (2014). Arsenic stabilization in coal fly ash through the employment of waste materials. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2 (3), 1352-1357.
DHARMADASA, I, BINGHAM, Paul, ECHENDU, O., SALIM, H., DRUFFEL, T., DHARMADASA, R., SUMANASEKERA, G., DHARMASENA, R., DERGACHEVA, M., MIT, K., URAZOV, K., BOWEN, L., WALLS, M. and ABBAS, A. (2014). Fabrication of CdS/CdTe-Based thin film solar cells using an electrochemical technique. Coatings, 4 (3), 380-415.
FLETCHER-WOOD, R.L., GORIN, Colin, FORDER, Sue, BINGHAM, Paul and HRILJAC, J.A. (2014). Mössbauer spectroscopy for optimising systems for environmental remediation. Hyperfine Interactions, 226 (1-3), 499-508.
BINGHAM, Paul, HANNANT, O.M., REEVES-MCLAREN, N., STENNETT, M.C. and HAND, R.J. (2014). Selective behaviour of dilute Fe3+ ions in silicate glasses: an Fe K-edge EXAFS and XANES study. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 387, 47-56.
HYATT, N.C., SCHWARZ, R.R., BINGHAM, Paul, STENNETT, M.C., CORKHILL, C.L., HEATH, P.G., HAND, R.J., JAMES, M., PEARSON, A. and MORGAN, S. (2014). Thermal treatment of simulant plutonium contaminated materials from the Sellafield site by vitrification in a blast-furnace slag. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 444 (1-3), 186-199.
WRIGHT, Adrian C, CLARKE, Stuart J, HOWARD, Christopher K, BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue, HOLLAND, Diane, MARTLEW, David and FISCHER, Henry E (2014). The environment of Fe2+/Fe3+ cations in a soda–lime–silica glass. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses : European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B, 55 (6), 243-252.
FORDER, Sue, BINGHAM, Paul, MCGANN, O., STENNETT, M. and HYATT, N.C. (2013). Mossbauer studies of materials used to immobilise waste. Hyperfine Interactions, 217 (1-3), 83-90.
ROMERO, F. D., BINGHAM, P. A., FORDER, S. D. and HAYWARD, M. A. (2013). Topochemical fluorination of Sr3(M0.5Ru 0.5)2O7 (M = Ti, Mn, Fe), n = 2, Ruddlesden-popper phases. Inorganic Chemistry, 52 (6), 3388-3398.
UTTON, C. A., HAND, R. J., BINGHAM, P. A., HYATT, N. C., SWANTON, S. W. and WILLIAMS, S. J. (2013). Dissolution of vitrified wastes in a high-pH calcium-rich solution. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 435 (1-3), 112-122.
DENIS ROMERO, Fabio, GIANOLIO, Diego, CIBIN, Giannantonio, BINGHAM, Paul, D’HOLLANDER, Jeanne-Clotilde, FORDER, Sue and HAYWARD, Michael A. (2013). Topochemical reduction of the Ruddlesden–Popper Phases Sr2Fe0.5Ru0.5O4and Sr3(Fe0.5Ru0.5)2O7. Inorganic Chemistry, 52 (19), 10920-10928.
BINGHAM, Paul, HYATT, N.C. and HAND, R.J. (2013). Vitrification of UK intermediate level radioactive wastes arising from site decommissioning. Initial laboratory trials. Glass technology : European Journal of Glass Technology Part A, 54 (1), 1-19.
WRIGHT, AdrianC., SINCLAIR, Roger N., SHAW, Joanna L., HAWORTH, Richard, MARASINGHE, G.Kanishka, DAY, Delbert E., BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Susan D., CUELLO, Gabriel J. and FISCHER, Henry J. (2012). The atomic and magnetic structure and dynamics of iron phosphate glasses. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, 53 (6), 227-244.
MCGANN, O.J., BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J., GANDY, A.S., KAVČIČ, M., ŽITNIK, M., BUČAR, K., EDGE, R. and HYATT, N.C. (2012). The effects of γ-radiation on model vitreous wasteforms intended for the disposal of intermediate and high level radioactive wastes in the United Kingdom. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 429 (1-3), 353-367.
CICEK, B., ESPOSITO, L., TUCCI, A., BERNARDO, E., BOCCACCINI, A.R. and BINGHAM, Paul (2012). Microporous glass ceramics from combination of silicate, borate and phosphate wastes. Advances in Applied Ceramics, 111 (7), 415-421.
KALANTARI, Kambiz, STERIANOU, Iasmi, SINCLAIR, Derek C., BINGHAM, Paul, POKORNÝ, Jan and REANEY, Ian M. (2012). Structural phase transitions in Ti-doped Bi1-xNdxFeO3 ceramics. Journal of Applied Physics, 111 (6), 064107.
BINGHAM, Paul and BARNEY, E R (2012). Structure of iron phosphate glasses modified by alkali and alkaline earth additions: neutron and x-ray diffraction studies. Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 24 (17), p. 175403.
CHEN, Yao-Chang, REEVES-MCLAREN, Nik, BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, Sue and WEST, Anthony R. (2012). Synthesis and characterization of Li11Nd18Fe4O39−δ. Inorganic Chemistry, 51 (15), 8073-8082.
BINGHAM, Paul, HYATT, N. C. and HAND, R. J. (2012). Vitrification of UK intermediate level radioactive wastes arising from site decommissioning : property modelling and selection of candidate host glass compositions. Glass technology, 53 (3), 83-100.
BINGHAM, Paul, CONNELLY, A J, HYATT, N C and HAND, R J (2011). Corrosion of glass contact refractories for the vitrification of radioactive wastes: a review. International Materials Reviews, 56 (4), 226-242.
BINGHAM, Paul, CONNELLY, A.J., CASSINGHAM, N.J. and HYATT, N.C. (2011). Oxidation state and local environment of selenium in alkali borosilicate glasses for radioactive waste immobilisation. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 357 (14), 2726-2734.
BERNARDO, E and BINGHAM, Paul (2011). Sintered silicophosphate glass ceramics from MBM ash and recycled soda-lime-silica glass. Advances in Applied Ceramics, 110 (1), 41-48.
CASSINGHAM, Nathan J., STENNETT, Martin C., BINGHAM, Paul, HYATT, Neil C. and AQUILANTI, Giuliana (2011). The structural role of Zn in nuclear waste glasses. International Journal of Applied Glass Science, 2 (4), 343-353.
FORDER, S D, HANNANT, O M, BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R J (2010). Concerning the use of standards for identifying coordination environments in glasses. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 217, 012072.
FORDER, S D, HANNANT, O M, BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R J (2010). Concerning the use of standards for identifying coordination environments in glasses. Journal of Physics : Conference Series, 217, 012072.
BINGHAM, Paul, CONNELLY, A., HAND, R. and HYATT, N. (2010). Vitrification of legacy and intermediate level radioactive wastes : opportunities and challenges. Nuclear Future, 6 (6), 250-254.
BINGHAM, Paul, CONNELLY, A.J., HAND, R.J., HYATT, N.C., NORTHRUP, P.A., ALONSO MORI, R., GLATZEL, P., KAVCIC, M., ZITNIK, M., BUCAR, K. and EDGE, R. (2010). A multi-spectroscopic investigation of sulphur speciation in silicate glasses and slags. Glass technology, 51 (2), 63-80.
CASSINGHAM, N.J., STENNETT, M.C., BINGHAM, Paul, AQUILANTI, G. and HYATT, N.C. (2010). The role of Zn in model nuclear waste glasses studied by XAS. In: Diamond '10 Conference - Decommissioning, Immobilisation and Management of, Manchester, UK, 15-16 December 2010.
BINGHAM, Paul (2009). Design of new energy-friendly compositions. In: WALLENBERGER, Frederick T. and BINGHAM, Paul, (eds.) Fiberglass and glass technology : energy-friendly compositions and application. Springer, 267-354.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J., HANNANT, O.M., FORDER, Sue and KILCOYNE, S.H. (2009). Effects of modifier additions on the thermal properties, chemical durability, oxidation state and structure of iron phosphate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 355 (28-30), 1526-1538.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J., HANNANT, O.M., FORDER, Sue and KILCOYNE, S.H. (2009). Effects of modifier additions on the thermal properties, chemical durability, oxidation state and structure of iron phosphate glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 355 (28-30), 1526-1538.
YANG, G., MOBUS, G., BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R.J. (2009). Electron beam induced structure changes in borosilicate and borophosphate glasses: a comparison by energy loss spectroscopy. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, 50 (6), 378-383.
WALLENBERGER, Frederick T. and BINGHAM, Paul (2009). Fiberglass and glass technology : energy-friendly compositions and applications. Springer.
BINGHAM, Paul, CONNELLY, A.J., HAND, R.J., HYATT, N.C. and NORTHUP, P.A. (2009). Incorporation and speciation of sulphur in glasses for waste immobilisation. Glass technology, 50 (3), 135-138.
HANNANT, O. M., FORDER, Sue, BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R. J. (2009). Structural studies of iron in vitrified toxic wastes. Hyperfine Interactions, 192 (1-3), 37-42.
SCHOFIELD, J.M., BINGHAM, Paul and HAND., R.J. (2009). The immobilisation of a chloride containing actinide waste surrogate in calcium aluminosilicate glasses. In: COZZI, Alex and OHJI, Tatsuki, (eds.) Environmental Issues and Waste Management Technologies in the Materials and Nuclear Industries XII. Ceramic Transactions (207). Wiley, 69-80.
BINGHAM, Paul, YANG, G., HAND, R.J. and MÖBUS, G. (2008). Boron environments and irradiation stability of iron borophosphate glasses analysed by EELS. Solid State Sciences, 10 (9), 1194-1199.
VOLOTINEN, T.T., PARKER, J.M. and BINGHAM, Paul (2008). Concentrations and site partitioning of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in a soda-lime-silica glass obtained by optical absorbance spectroscopy. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, 49 (5), 258-270.
BINGHAM, Paul, HYATT, Neil C, HAND, Russell J and WILDING, Christopher R (2008). Glass development for vitrification of Wet Intermediate Level Waste (WILW) from decommissionning of the Hinkley Point ‘A’ Site. MRS Proceedings, 1124.
BINGHAM, Paul and JACKSON, C.M. (2008). Roman blue-green bottle glass: chemical–optical analysis and high temperature viscosity modelling. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35 (2), 302-309.
BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R.J. (2008). Sulphate incorporation and glass formation in phosphate systems for nuclear and toxic waste immobilization. Materials Research Bulletin, 43 (7), 1679-1693.
SCHOFIELD, James M., BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, Russell J. (2008). Waste loading of actinide chloride surrogates in an iron phosphate glass. MRS Proceedings, 1107, 253-260.
HANNANT, O. M., BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R. J. and FORDER, Sue (2008). The structural properties of vitrified toxic waste ashes. Glass technology, 49 (1), 27-32.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, Russell J., STENNETT, Martin C., HYATT, Neil C. and HARRISON, Mike T. (2008). The use of surrogates in waste immobilization studies : a case study of plutonium. MRS Proceedings, 1107, 421-428.
BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R.J. (2007). Addition of P2O5 to SiO2-Al2O3-B2O3-MgO-CaO-Na2O glass : a study of its effects on glass properties, structure and melting behaviour. Glass technology, 48 (2), 78-88.
BINGHAM, Paul, PARKER, J.M., SEARLE, T.M. and SMITH, I. (2007). Local structure and medium range ordering of tetrahedrally coordinated Fe3+ ions in alkali–alkaline earth–silica glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 353 (24-25), 2479-2494.
BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R.J. (2007). Recycling of incinerator ashes : potential energy-saving raw materials for the manufactureof glasses and ceramics or simply low-grade aggregate materials? In: FREIMAN, S., (ed.) Proceedings of the 1st International Congress on Ceramics: A Global Roadmap. Wiley.
BINGHAM, Paul, CONNELLY, A.J., HAND, R.J., HYATT, N.C. and NORTHRUP, P.A. (2007). Solubility and speciation of sulphur in glasses for waste immobilization. In: Proceedings of the XXI International Congress on Glass: Strasbourg, France, 1 - 7 July 2007. Society of Glass Technology.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J. and FORDER, S.D. (2006). Doping of iron phosphate glasses with Al2O3, SiO2 or B2O3 for improved thermal stability. Materials Research Bulletin, 41 (9), 1622-1630.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, Russell J. and SCALES, Charlie R. (2006). Immobilisation of simulated plutonium-contaminated material in phosphate glass : an initial scoping study. MRS Proceedings, 932.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J., FORDER, S.D., LAVAYSIERRE, A., KILCOYNE, S.H. and YASIN, I. (2006). Preliminary studies of sulphate solubility and redox in 60P2O5–40Fe2O3 glasses. Materials Letters, 60 (6), 844-847.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J., FORDER, S.D., LAVAYSIERRE, A, DELOFFRE, F, KILCOYNE, S.H. and YASIN, I. (2006). Structure and properties of iron borophosphate glasses. Physics and Chemistry of Glasses, 47 (4), 313-317.
HARRISON, Mike, SCALES, Charlie R., BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, Russell J. (2006). Survey of potential glass compositions for the immobilisation of the UK's separated plutonium stocks. MRS Proceedings, 985.
BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R.J. (2006). Vitrification of toxic wastes : a brief review. Advances in Applied Ceramics: Structural, Functional and Bioceramics Journal - Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 105 (1), 21-31.
BINGHAM, Paul, FORDER, S. D., HAND, R. J. and LAVAYSIERRE, A. (2005). Mössbauer studies of phosphate glasses for the immobilisation of toxic and nuclear wastes. Hyperfine Interactions, 165 (1-4), 135-140.
BINGHAM, Paul and MARSHALL, M. (2005). Reformulation of container glasses for environmental benefit through lower melting temperatures. Glass technology, 46 (1), 11-19.
BINGHAM, Paul and HAND, R (2005). Vitrified metal finishing wastes I. Composition, density and chemical durability. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 119 (1-3), 125-133.
BINGHAM, Paul, HAND, R.J., FORDER, S.D. and LAVAYSIERRE, A. (2005). Vitrified metal finishing wastes II. Thermal and structural characterisation. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 122 (1-2), 129-138.
BINGHAM, Paul (2004). The effects of 1 wt % P2O5 addition on the properties of container glass. Glass technology, 45 (6), 255-258.
BINGHAM, Paul (2003). Container glass formulation : a fresh look at an old problem. Glass, 80, p. 336.
BINGHAM, Paul, PARKER, John M, SEARLE, Tim, WILLIAMS, John M and SMITH, Ian (2002). Novel structural behaviour of iron in alkali–alkaline-earth–silica glasses. Comptes Rendus Chimie, 5 (11), 787-796.
BINGHAM, Paul, PARKER, J.M., SEARLE, T., WILLIAMS, J.M. and SMITH, I. (2001). Novel structural behaviour of iron in alkali-alkaline earth-silica glasses. In: Proceedings of the XIX International Congress on Glass, Edinburgh, July 2001. Society of Glass Technology.
BINGHAM, Paul, PARKER, J.M., SEARLE, T., WILLIAMS, J.M. and FYLES, K. (1998). Redox and clustering of iron in silicate glasses. In: Proceedings of the XVIII International Congress on Glass, San Francisco, July 1998. Society of Glass Technology.
- External PhD examiner (UK and international);
- Fellow of the Society of Glass Technology;
- Member of Society of Glass Technology Board of Fellows and Basic Science and Technology Committee;
- Member of International Commission on Glass Technical Committee 5: Waste Vitrification;
- Member of the RAL-ISIS UK Neutron User Committee;
- Member of the UK Ceramics Sector 2050 Decarbonisation Roadmap Committee;
- Member of the UK Glass Sector 2050 Decarbonisation Roadmap Committee;
- Chair of the Local Organising Committee, Centenary Conference of the Society of Glass Technology, 2016;
- Academic advisor to the British Glass Futures initiative;
- Peer reviewer for the U.S. Department of Energy Nuclear Energy Universities Program;
- International expert peer reviewer for EU FP7 and H2020 proposals;
- Regular reviewer for over 10 international journals.
Current PhD Students:
- VAISHNAV, Shuchi. Understanding the structural effects and solubility behaviour of sulphur in radioactive waste glasses.
- ALLSOPP, Ben. Development of novel glass dopants for enhanced solar efficiency glazing.
- SCRIMSHIRE, Alex. Advanced spectroscopy of ceramic materials for catalysis.
- MUHAMMED, Khalid. Development of novel processing routes for electrical ceramic production.
- CHRISTOPOULOU, Georgia. Understanding the in-service behaviour of high-temperature thermal insulation materials.
- RAUTIYAL, Prince. Understanding the structure, properties and performance of glasses for radioactive waste immobilisation using advanced spectroscopic techniques.
Past PhD Students:
- YAMBISSA, Mubuabua. Understanding diamond preservation conditions in Angolan kimberlites using advanced spectroscopic techniques.
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