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Professor Wayne M Cranton

Dean of Research


Summary

I am Dean of Research at Sheffield Hallam University. My research is concerned with the study of thin film materials for photonic devices.

Teaching

Department of Engineering and Mathematics

Business, Technology and Enterprise

I teach on the Physics programme at Sheffield Hallam University, as the module leader for `Vibrations, Waves and Optics'. 

Subject Area/Group: Physics.

Modules

- Vibrations, Waves and Optics.

Research

My research is concerned with the study of thin film materials for electronic and photonic devices including light emitting, photovoltaic and sensor devices.

This has involved a number of collaborative applied research and development programmes on the deposition and processing of phosphors, dielectrics, and metal oxide semiconductors, with emphasis on the localised photonic processing of materials for low temperature functionalisation of materials.


Wayne is editor in Chief for the `Handbook of Visual Display Technology’, Springer Verlag (2016), ISBN 978-3-319-14345-3

Current research projects

- Laser processing of materials for electronics and photonics.

Collaborators and sponsors

- Nottingham Trent University;
- Aristotle University, Greece;
- Pragmatic Printing Ltd;
- Plasma Quest Ltd.

Publications

Key Publications

Siozios, A., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Lidorikis, E., Dimitrakopulos, G.P., Pliatsikas, N., Vourlias, G., ... Patsalas, P. (2015). Laser-matter interactions, phase changes and diffusion phenomena during laser annealing of plasmonic AlN:Ag templates and their applications in optical encoding. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 48 (28), 1-13. http://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/48/28/285306

Siozios, A., Zoubos, H., Pliatsikas, N., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Vourlias, G., Pavlidou, E., ... Patsalas, P. (2014). Growth and annealing strategies to control the microstructure of AlN:Ag nanocomposite films for plasmonic applications. Surface and coatings technology, 255, 28-36. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.11.025

Tsakonas, C., Kuznetsov, V.L., Cranton, W.M., Kalfagiannis, N., Abusabee, K.M., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., ... Edwards, P.P. (2017). Low temperature sputter-deposited ZnO films with enhancedHall mobility using excimer laser post-processing. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 50 (48). http://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/aa9316

Tsakonas, C., Cranton, W., Li, F., Abusabee, K., Flewitt, A., Koutsogeorgis, D., & Ranson, R. (2013). Intrinsic photoluminescence from low temperature deposited zinc oxide thin films as a function of laser and thermal annealing. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 46 (9), 095305. http://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/46/9/095305

El Hamali, S.O., Cranton, W.M., Kalfagiannis, N., Hou, X., Ranson, R., & Koutsogeorgis, D.C. (2016). Enhanced electrical and optical properties of room temperature deposited Aluminium doped Zinc Oxide (AZO) thin films by excimer laser annealing. Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 80, 45-51. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.optlaseng.2015.12.010

Tsakonas, C., Wakeham, S., Cranton, W.M., Thwaites, M., Boutaud, G., Farrow, C., ... Ranson, R. (2015). Transparent and Flexible Thin Film Electroluminescent Devices Using HiTUS Deposition and Laser Processing Fabrication. IEEE Journal of the Electron Devices Society, 4 (1), 22-29. http://doi.org/10.1109/JEDS.2015.2497086

Chen, J., Cranton, W., & Fihn, M. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of visual display technology. Springer. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14346-0

Chen, J., Cranton, W., & Fihn, M. (Eds.). (2016). Handbook of visual display technology. Springer. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14346-0

Kalfagiannis, N., Siozios, A., Bellas, D.V., Toliopoulos, D., Bowen, L., Pliatsikas, N., ... Patsalas, P. (2016). Selective modification of nanoparticle arrays by laser-induced self assembly (MONA-LISA): putting control into bottom-up plasmonic nanostructuring. Nanoscale, 8 (15), 8236-8244. http://doi.org/10.1039/C5NR09192F

Hillier, J.A., Camelio, S., Cranton, W., Nabok, A.V., Mellor, C.J., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., & Kalfagiannis, N. (2020). When ellipsometry works best: a case study with transparent conductive oxides. ACS Photonics, 7 (10), 2692-2702. http://doi.org/10.1021/acsphotonics.0c00389

Alam, A.E., Olusola, O.I., Loch, D.A.L., Shukla, K., Cranton, W.M., & Dharmadasa, I. (2020). Electrodeposition of ternary compounds for novel PV application and optimisation of electrodeposited CdMnTe thin-films. Scientific Reports, 10 (1), 21445. http://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-78066-y

Journal articles

Alam, A.E., Cranton, W., & Dharmadasa, I. (2019). Electrodeposition of CdS thin-films from cadmium acetate and ammonium thiosulphate precursors. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-019-00750-1

Hassan, A., Kadem, B., & Cranton, W. (2017). Organic solar cells: study of combined effects of active layer nanostructure and electron and hole transport layers. Thin Solid Films, 636, 760-764. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2017.04.008

Kadem, B., Hassan, A., & Cranton, W. (2016). Efficient P3HT:PCBM bulk heterojunction organic solar cells; effect of post deposition thermal treatment. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 27 (7), 7038-7048. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-016-4661-8

Kadem, B.Y., Hassan, A., & Cranton, W. (2015). Enhancement of power conversion efficiency of P3HT : PCBM solar cell using solution processed Alq3 film as electron transport layer. Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics, 26 (6), 3976-3983. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-015-2933-3

Kadem, B., Cranton, W., & Hassan, A. (2015). Metal salt modified PEDOT : PSS as anode buffer layer and its effect on power conversion efficiency of organic solar cells. Organic Electronics, 24, 73-79. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2015.05.019

Siozios, A., Kalfagiannis, N., Bellas, D.V., Bazioti, C., Dimitrakopulos, G.P., Vourlias, G., ... Patsalas, P. (2015). Sub-surface laser nanostructuring in stratified metal/dielectric media: A versatile platform towards flexible, durable and large-scale plasmonic writing. Nanotechnology, 26 (15), 1-10. http://doi.org/10.1088/0957-4484/26/15/155301

Bolton-King, R.S., Bencsik, M., Evans, J.P.O., Smith, C.L., Allsop, D.F., Painter, J.D., & Cranton, W.M. (2012). Numerical classification of curvilinear structures for the identification of pistol barrels. Forensic Science International, 220 (1-3), 197-209. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2012.03.002

Redwood-Brown, A., Cranton, W., & Sunderland, C. (2012). Validation of a real-time video analysis system for soccer. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 33 (8), 635-640. http://doi.org/10.1055/s-0032-1306326

Siozios, A., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Lidorikis, E., Dimitrakopulos, G.P., Kehagias, T., Zoubos, H., ... Patsalas, P. (2012). Optical encoding by plasmon-based patterning: hard and inorganic materials become photosensitive. Nano Letters, 12 (1), 259-263. http://doi.org/10.1021/nl2034738

Bates, M.I., Brown, D., Cranton, W., & Lewis, J. (2011). Formulating a serious-games design project for adult offenders with the probation service. International Journal of Game-Based Learning, 1 (4), 1-10. http://doi.org/10.4018/ijgbl.2011100101

Wakeham, S.J., Tsakonas, C., Cranton, W.M., Thwaites, M.J., Boutaud, G., & Koutsogeorgis, D.C. (2011). Laser annealing of thin film electroluminescent devices deposited at a high rate using high target utilization sputtering. SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, 26 (4). http://doi.org/10.1088/0268-1242/26/4/045016

Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Cranton, W., Ranson, R.M., & Thomas, C.B. (2009). Performance enhancement of ZnS:Mn thin film electroluminescent devices by combination of laser and thermal annealing. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 483 (1-2), 526-529. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2008.08.125

Yap, S.V., Ranson, R.M., Cranton, W.M., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., & Hix, G.B. (2009). Temperature dependent characteristics of La2O2S: Ln [Ln=Eu, Tb] with various Ln concentrations over 5-60 °C. Journal of Luminescence, 129 (5), 416-422. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2008.10.019

Yap, S.V., Ranson, R.M., Cranton, W., & Koutsogeorgis, D. (2008). Decay time characteristics of la2O2S: Eu and la 2O2S: Tb for use within an optical sensor for human skin temperature measurement. Applied Optics, 47 (27), 4895-4899. http://doi.org/10.1364/AO.47.004895

Cranton, W.M., Wilson, S.L., Ranson, R., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Chi, K., Hedgley, R., ... Speakman, S. (2007). Excimer laser processing of inkjet-printed and sputter-deposited transparent conducting SnO2:Sb for flexible electronics. Thin Solid Films, 515 (24 SPE), 8534-8538. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2007.03.118

Evangelou, E.K., Wiemer, C., Fanciulli, M., Sethu, M., & Cranton, W. (2003). Electrical and structural characteristics of yttrium oxide films deposited by rf-magnetron sputtering on n-Si. Journal of Applied Physics, 94 (1), 318-325. http://doi.org/10.1063/1.1580644

Liew, S.C., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Cranton, W., & Thomas, C.B. (2002). Pulsed KrF laser annealing of blue emitting SrS:Cu,Ag thin films. Electronics Letters, 38 (23), 1466-1468. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=1068046&tag=1

Cranton, W.M., Thomas, C.B., & Stevens, R. (2002). EL on the edge. Information Display, 18 (4-5), 22-25.

Barros, S.O., Stevens, R., Thomas, C.B., Cranton, W., & Craven, M. (2001). Ion milling properties of laterally emitting thin-film electroluminescent materials. IEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing, 14 (2), 173-176. http://doi.org/10.1109/66.920730

Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Mastio, E.A., Cranton, W., & Thomas, C.B. (2001). Pulsed KrF laser annealing of ZnS:Mn laterally emitting thin film electroluminescent displays. Thin Solid Films, 383 (1-2), 31-33. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0040-6090(00)01646-1

Tsakonas, C., Liew, S.C., Mias, C., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Ranson, R.M., Cranton, W., & Dudhia, M. (2001). Optically transparent frequency selective window for microwave applications. Electronics Letters, 37 (24), 1464-1465. http://doi.org/10.1049/el:20010979

Rüdiger, J., Mias, C., Stevens, R., & Cranton, W. (2001). Fast modelling of the optical characteristics of electroluminescent pixel structures. IEE Proceedings: Optoelectronics, 148 (2), 101-105. http://doi.org/10.1049/ip-opt:20010072

Mastio, E.A., Cranton, W., & Thomas, C.B. (2001). Lattice misfit versus performance of thin film electroluminescent structures. Journal of Applied Physics, 89 (3), 1605-1611. http://doi.org/10.1063/1.1335646

Barros, S.O., Stevens, R., & Cranton, W. (2001). Enhancement of the laterally emitting thin film electroluminescent device optical outcoupling via the fabrication of novel geometry structures. Optical Engineering, 40 (6), 934-940. http://doi.org/10.1117/1.1357194

Evangelou, E.K., Konofaos, N., Craven, M.R., Cranton, W.M., & Thomas, C.B. (2000). Characterization of the BaTiO3/p-Si interface and applications. Applied Surface Science, 166 (1), 504-507. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0034300373&partnerID=40&md5=3c5f5e02a599c7e50577aec91536f478

Mastio, E.A., Thomas, C.B., Cranton, W., & Fogarassy, E. (2000). Effects of multiple KrF laser irradiations on the electroluminescence and photoluminescence of rf-sputtered ZnS:Mn-based electroluminescent thin film devices. Applied Surface Science, 157 (1), 74-80. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(99)00522-X

Mastio, E.A., Fogarassy, E., Cranton, W., & Thomas, C.B. (2000). Ablation study on pulsed KrF laser annealed electroluminescent ZnS:Mn/Y2O3 multilayers deposited on Si. Applied Surface Science, 154, 35-39. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(99)00379-7

Mastio, E.A., Cranton, W., & Thomas, C.B. (2000). Pulsed laser annealing for high-efficiency thin film electroluminescent devices. Journal of Applied Physics, 88 (3), 1606-1611. http://doi.org/10.1063/1.373861

Cranton, W.M., Mastio, E.A., Thomas, C.B., Tsakonas, C., & Stevens, R. (2000). Laser processing for enhanced performance thin film electroluminescent devices. Electronic letters, 36 (8), 754-756. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=850577

Evangelou, E.K., Konofaos, N., Craven, M.R., Cranton, W.M., & Thomas, C.B. (2000). Characterization of the BaTiO3/p-Si interface and applications. Applied Surface Science, 166 (1), 504-507. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(00)00483-9

Mastio, E.A., Craven, M.R., Cranton, W., Thomas, C.B., Robino, M., & Fogarassy, E. (1999). The effects of KrF pulsed laser and thermal annealing on the crystallinity and surface morphology of radiofrequency magnetron sputtered ZnS:Mn thin films deposited on Si. Journal of Applied Physics, 86 (5), 2562-2570. http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jap/86/5/10.1063/1.371093

Mastio, E.A., Cranton, W., Thomas, C.B., Fogarassy, E., & De Unamuno, S. (1999). Pulsed KrF laser annealing of RF sputtered ZnS:Mn thin films. Applied Surface Science, 138-13 (1-4), 35-39. http://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-4332(98)00383-3

Craven, M.R., Cranton, W.M., Toal, S., & Reehal, H.S. (1998). Characterization of BaTiO3 thin films deposited by RF magnetron sputtering for use in a.c. TFEL devices. Semiconductor Science and Technology, 13 (4), 404-409. http://doi.org/10.1049/ic:19950974

Craven, M.R., Cranton, W.M., Toal, S., & Reehal, H.S. (1998). Characterization of BaTiO3 thin films deposited by RF magnetron sputtering for use in a.c. TFEL devices. Semiconductor Science and Technology, 13 (4), 404-409. http://doi.org/10.1088/0268-1242/13/4/009

Cranton, W.M., Key, P.H., Sands, D., Thomas, C.B., & Wagner, F.X. (1996). XeCl laser ablation of thin film ZnS. Applied Surface Science, 96-98, 501-504. http://doi.org/10.1016/0169-4332(95)00503-X

Stevens, R., Thomas, C.B., & Cranton, W. (1994). Enhancing the brightness of thin-film electroluminescent displays by improving the emission process. IEEE Electron Device Letters, 15 (3), 97-99. http://doi.org/10.1109/55.285390

Thomas, C.B., McClean, I.P., Stevens, R., & Cranton, W. (1994). TFEL optoelectronic integrated circuit on Si. Electronics Letters, 30 (16), 1350-1351. http://doi.org/10.1049/el:19940890

Cranton, W.M., Spink, D.M., Stevens, R., & Thomas, C.B. (1993). Growth and dielectric characterization of yttrium oxide thin films deposited on Si by r.f.-magnetron sputtering. Thin Solid Films, 226 (1), 156-160. http://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6090(93)90222-B

Thomas, C.B., & Cranton, W. (1993). High efficiency ZnS:Mn ac thin film electroluminescent device structure. Applied Physics Letters, 63 (23), 3119-3121. http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/63/23/10.1063/1.110222

Conference papers

Kadem, B.Y., Hassan, A.K., & Cranton, W. (2016). The effects of organic solvents and their co-solvents on the optical, structural, morphological of P3HT:PCBM organic solar cells. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1758. http://doi.org/10.1063/1.4959382

Sano, N., Barlow, A.J., Tsakonas, C., Cranton, W., & Cumpson, P.J. (2016). Optimal conditions for gas cluster ion beams in studying inorganic interface species: improved chemical information at a ZnO interface. Surface and Interface Analysis, 48 (7), 575-579. http://doi.org/10.1002/sia.5949

Wang, M., Hou, X., Liu, J., Choy, K., Gibson, P., Salem, E., ... Cranton, W. (2015). An alternative non-vacuum and low cost ESAVD method for the deposition of Cu(In,Ga)Se2 absorber layers. Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science, 212 (1), 72-75. http://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.201431295

Lewis, J., Brown, D., Cranton, W., & Mason, R. (2011). Simulating visual impairments using the unreal engine 3 game engine. 2011 IEEE 1st International Conference on Serious Games and Applications for Health, SeGAH 2011. http://doi.org/10.1109/SeGAH.2011.6165430

Bates, M., Brown, D., Cranton, W., & Lewis, J. (2011). The optimal level of children's participation in the design of games-based learning. Proceedings of the European Conference on Games-based Learning, 2011-January, 667-674.

Wakeham, S., Thwaites, M., Tsakonas, C., Cranton, W., Ranson, R., Boutaud, G., & Koutsogeorgis, D. (2010). A new reactive sputtering technique for the low temperature deposition of transparent light emitting ZnS:Mn thin films. Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science, 207 (7), 1614-1618. http://doi.org/10.1002/pssa.200983757

Bates, M., Brown, D., Cranton, W., & Lewis, J. (2010). Facilitating a games design project with children: A comparison of approaches. 4th European Conference on Games Based Learning 2010, ECGBL 2010, 429-437.

Wakeham, S., Thwaites, M., Cranton, W., Tsakonas, C., Koutsogeorgis, D., & EDIZONI, G. (2009). A New Technique for the High Rate Deposition of EL Devices onto Plastic Substrates. EURODISPLAY 2009, 253-256.

Boutaud, G., Cranton, W.M., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Ranson, R.M., Tsakonas, C., & Thomas, C.B. (2009). Growth optimisation of ZnS:Mn thin film phosphors for high intensity miniature electroluminescent displays. Materials science and engineering b-solid state materials for advanced technology, 165 (3), 202-206. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2009.07.015

Wakeham, S.J., Thwaites, M.J., Holton, B.W., Tsakonas, C., Cranton, W., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., & Ranson, R. (2009). Low temperature remote plasma sputtering of indium tin oxide for flexible display applications. Thin Solid Films, 518 (4), 1355-1358. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2009.04.072

Bates, M., Brown, D., Cranton, W., & Lewis, J. (2009). Gaming and the firewall: Exploring learning through play via game design with children. Proceedings of the European Conference on Games-based Learning, 2009-January, 8-16.

Bates, M., Brown, D., Cranton, W., & Lewis, J. (2007). Carving out a new approach to learning. European Conference on Games Based Learning, ECGBL 2007, 19-26.

Wilson, S.L., Cranton, W., Ranson, R., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Mosley, A., Thomas, C.B., ... Stoute, S. (2005). Optimization of the electrical and optical properties of ink-jet-printed SnO(2):Sb using thermal annealing and excimer-laser processing. Digest of Technical Papers - SID International Symposium, 36 (1), 530-533. http://doi.org/10.1889/1.2036492

Barros, S.O., Stevens, R., & Cranton, W. (2000). Enhancement of the LETFEL device optical outcoupling via the fabrication of novel geometry structures. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 3955, 141-150. http://doi.org/10.1117/12.379974

Mias, C., Tsakonas, C., Prountzos, N., Koutsogeorgis, D.C., Liew, S.C., Oswald, C., ... Thomas, C.B. (2000). Optically transparent microstrip antennas. IEE Colloquium (Digest), (2), 51-56. http://doi.org/10.1049/ic:20000008

Stevens, R., Abdullah, A.D.H., & Cranton, W. (1996). Ultra-high resolution emissive micro-mirror LETFEL displays for the injection of intelligent graticule information in avionic head-up display systems. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, 2774, 735-746. http://doi.org/10.1117/12.246721

Cranton, W.M., Stevens, R., Thomas, C.B., Abdullah, A.H., & Craven, M.R. (1995). Improving the efficiency of thin film electroluminescent displays. IEE Colloquium (Digest), (160), 7/1-7/5. http://digital-library.theiet.org/content/conferences/10.1049/ic_19950974

Books

Ojo, A.A., Cranton, W., & Dharmadasa, I. (2019). Next generation multilayer graded bandgap solar cells. Cham: Springer. https://rd.springer.com/book/10.1007/978-3-319-96667-0#about

Chen, J., Cranton, W., & Fihn, M. (2012). Handbook of visual display technology. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-79567-4

Chen, J., Cranton, W., & Fihn, M. (2012). Preface. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-79567-4

Postgraduate supervision

Professor Cranton has supervised 15 PHD students to completion, and is interested in supervising projects based on experimental studies of thin film deposition, processing and characterisation for electronic device applications.

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