Between April 2017 and March 2019, a team of researchers from the University of Bedfordshire and International Organization for Migration (IOM) staff in Tirana, Hanoi, Lagos and London worked in partnership on a study looking at ‘vulnerability’ to human trafficking from Albania, Vietnam and Nigeria to the UK. This four-county study was led by Professor Patricia Hynes as Principal Investigator.
People are trafficked for a range of reasons relating to individual, family, community and societal level factors. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) had developed a Determinants of Migrant Vulnerability model to help understand human trafficking and migration more broadly. This model focusses on both the ‘vulnerabilities’ and ‘capabilities’ of people who have experienced trafficking. The model looks like this:
For further information see: IOM Handbook on Protection and Assistance to Migrants Vulnerable to Violence, Exploitation and Abuse | IOM Publications Platform
This study was conducted in Albania, Viet Nam and Nigeria, aiming to improve understanding of the causes, determinants and ‘vulnerabilities’ to human trafficking as well as the support needs of people from these countries who have experienced trafficking into the UK.
Initially, Shared Learning Events (SLEs) were held in Albania, Viet Nam and Nigeria to explore what was already known about ‘vulnerability’ to human trafficking. These events involved presentations from a range of governmental, international and national stakeholders working with people who had experienced forced labour, domestic servitude, sexual exploitation or other forms of exploitation associated with human trafficking.
Reports from each of the Shared Learning Events are available:
Additionally, Timelines of key events relating to migration and human trafficking plus political events are available providing relevant historical detail
Viet Nam Timeline